2015年4月大学英语b网络统考 真题模拟4

Test 4

第一部分:交际用语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1. — Please help yourself to the seafood. 请吃点海鲜。

— _______                        对不起,我不吃海鲜。

  1. No, I can’t. B. Sorry, I can’t help.
  2. Well, seafood don’t suit for. D. Thanks, but I don’t like the seafood.
  3. — Would you like to go to the concert with us this evening? 今晚你能和我们一起去听音乐会吗?

— _______

  1. No, I already have plans.
  2. I’d love to, but I’m busy tonight. 我很高兴去,但今晚我很忙。
  3. No, I really don’t like being with you.
  4. I’m ill, so I shouldn’t go out.
  5. — Congratulations! You won the first prize in today’s speech contest.

      祝贺你在今天的演讲比赛中获得冠军。

— _______. 谢谢你。

  1. Yes, I beat the others. B. No, no I didn’t do it well.
  2. Thank you. D. It’s a pleasure.
  3. — Must I take a taxi?  我必须坐出租车吗?

— No, you _______. You can take my car.  不必。你可以坐我的车。

  1. had better to B. don’t
  2. must not D. don’t have to
  3. — We are going to have a singing party tonight. Would you like to join us?

     今晚我们有个歌唱聚会,你想来吗?

— _______

  1. I’m afraid not, because I have to go to an important meeting. 恐怕不行,因为我得参加一个重要会议。
  2. Of course not. I have no idea.
  3. No, I can’t.
  4. That’s all set.

第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)

此部分共有2篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项

Passage1

Laws have been written to govern the use of American National Flag, and to ensure proper respect for the flag. Custom has also governed the common practice in regard to its use. All the armed services have precise regulations on how to display the national flag. This may vary somewhat from the general rules. The national flag should be raised and lowered by hand. Do not raise the flag while it is folded. Unfolded the flag first, and then hoist it quickly to the top of the flagpole. Lower it slowly and with dignity. Place no objects on or over the flag. Do not use the flag as part of a costume or athletic uniform. Do not print it upon cushions, handkerchief, paper napkins or boxes. A federal law provides that the trademark cannot be registered if it comprises the flag, or badgers of the US. When the flag is used to unveil a statue or monument, it shouldn’t serve as a covering of the object to be unveiled. If it is displayed on such occasions, do not allow the flag to the ground, but let it be carried high up in the air to form a feature of the ceremony. Take every precaution to prevent the flag from soiled. It should not be allowed to touch the ground or floor, nor to brush against objects.

已经制定了法律来规定美国国旗的使用,并确保对国旗应有的尊敬。关于国旗的使用也早已有了惯例。全军就国旗的展开方法有明确的规定,这与常规有点不同。国旗的升降应由手工完成。国旗未展开时不能升起。应先使它展开,然后快速把它升至旗杆顶部。缓慢、庄严地降下。旗上不可以放东西。不要把国旗镶嵌在衣服或运动装上,也不要把国旗印在垫子、手帕、纸巾或盒子上。联邦法律规定如果某个商标含有美国国旗或国徽,这个商标就不能被注册。当国旗被用来为雕像或纪念碑揭幕时,不可以盖在被揭幕物上。如果国旗被用在这种场合,则不能让它掉到地上而应悬在空中作为这个仪式的象征。特别注意不要玷污国旗,不允许触到地面或擦着物体。

 

  1. How do Americans ensure proper respect for the national flag?

   美国人是如何确保对国旗应有的尊敬的?

  1. By making laws. 通过制定法律。            B. By enforcing discipline.
  2. By educating the public. D. By holding ceremonies.
  3. What is the regulation regarding the raising of the American National Flag? 升美国国旗有何规定?
  4. It should be raised by soldiers. B. It should be raised quickly by hand. 应该快速用手升起
  5. It should be raised only by Americans. D. It should be raised by mechanical means.
  6. How should the American National Flag be displayed at an unveiling ceremony?

   揭幕仪式上应该如何使用国旗?

  1. It should be attached to the status.
  2. It should be hung from the top of the monument.
  3. It should be spread over the object to be unveiled.
  4. It should be carried high up in the air. 应该悬挂在空中
  5. What do we learn about the use of the American National Flag?

对于美国国旗的使用我们知道了什么?

  1. There has been a lot of controversy over the use of flag.
  2. The best athletes can wear uniforms with the design of the flag.
  3. There are precise regulations and customs to be followed. 要严格遵守规定和习惯。
  4. Americans can print the flag on their cushions or handkerchiefs.
  5. What is Americans’ attitude towards their National Flag? 美国人对于自己的国旗是什么态度?
  6. Arbitrary .             B. Respect.     尊敬       C. Happy.                     D. Brave.

Passage 2

It has been reported that in colleges across the United States, the daytime serial drama known as the soap opera has suddenly become “in”. Between the hours of 11 a. m. and 4:30 p. m., college television lounges are filled with soap opera fans who can’t wait to see the next episode in the lives of their favorite characters.

    据报道,在美国大学里,被称为肥皂剧的日间系列剧突然“火”了起来。上午11点至下午4:30,大学电视观看室里挤满了肥皂剧迷,他们急着想看自己所崇拜的偶像的下一集生活剧。

Actually, soaps are more than a college favorite; they’re a youth favorite. When school is out, high-school students are in front of their TV sets. One young working woman admitted that she turned down a higher paying job rather than give up watching her favorite serials. During the 1960’s, it was uncommon for young people to watch soap operas. The mood of the sixties was very different from now. It was a time of seriousness, and talk was about social issues of great importance.

    其实,肥皂剧不仅仅是大学生最喜爱的节目,也是年轻人最喜爱的。放学后,中学生都挤在电视机前观看节目。有一个年轻的职业妇女坦诚说起曾经拒绝了一份薪水不错的工作而不愿放弃观看最喜爱的系列剧。20世纪60年代年轻人很少看肥皂剧。那时的情况与现在很不相同。那是很严肃的时期,人们所谈的都是关于很重要的社会大事。

Now, seriousness has been replaced by fun. Young people want to be happy. It may seem strange that they should turn to soap opera, which is known for showing trouble in people’s lives. But soap opera is enjoyment. Young people can identify with the soap opera character, who, like the college-age viewer, is looking for happy love, and probably not finding it. And soap opera gives young people a chance to feel close to people without having to bear any responsibility for their problems.

    现在,严肃已被娱乐取代。年轻人想寻找快乐。如果他们想看表现生活烦恼的肥皂剧就会显得很奇怪。但肥皂剧是令人快乐的。年轻人可以模仿肥皂剧里的人物,这些人物像大学生观众一样,在寻找快乐的爱情,也许还没找到。肥皂剧给年轻人一个贴近人们的机会但对于他们的问题却不必承担责任。

 

  1. What is soap opera? 什么是肥皂剧?
  2. Plays based on science fiction stories.
  3. Plays based on non-fiction stories.
  4. The daytime serial dramas on TV. 白天的电视系列剧。
  5. Popular documentary films on TV.
  6. What can be the best title of the passage? 这篇文章的最佳题目是什么?
  7. College student viewers. B. Favorite TV serials.
  8. Soap opera fans. 肥皂剧迷        D. College-age viewers.
  9. Which is NOT the reason why the soap opera has suddenly become “in” among American young people?

   根据这篇文章,哪一项不是肥皂剧突然火起来的原因?

  1. Because the viewers want to be happy and to enjoy themselves.
  2. Because the soap opera makes young people feel close to their people.
  3. Because the viewers can find themselves in the soap opera characters.
  4. Because the young people have to bear the responsibilities for their troubles.

因为年轻人得承担问题的责任。

  1. What can we learn from the passage? 这篇文章让我们知道了什么?
  2. College students like soap operas more than any other social groups.
  3. Young people of sixties like soap operas more than people today.
  4. Young viewers have turned themselves from the seriousness of sixties to enjoyment now.

  年轻人已经使自己从60年代人的严肃转向了现在的快乐。

  1. The young as a whole are trying to look for happy love but in vain.
  2. What message does the author want to convey to us? 作者想向我们表达什么信息?
  3. The people’s favorites to drama works have been changed for a long time.
  4. The people’s favorites to drama works change along with the times.

人们对戏剧作品的喜爱随着时间而改变

  1. The people’s favorites to drama works is changed by the soap opera.
  2. The people’s favorites have changed the drama works.

 

第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1. It’s time we _______ the lecture because everybody has arrived. 大家都到了,我们该开始讲课了。
  2. will start B. shall start                  C. start                         D. started
  3. _______ these honors he received a sum of money. 除了这些荣誉外,他还得到了一笔钱。
  4. Except B. But                          C. Besides                    D. Outside
  5. Would you let _______ to the park with my classmate, Mum? 妈妈,让我和同学一起去公园好吗?
  6. me go B. me going                  C. I go                         D. I going
  7. Therefore, other things _________ equal, the number of workers that employers want decreases.

因此,其他方面都平等,但雇主需要的工人减少了。

  1. is B. are                           C. being                       D. having
  2. I have been looking forward to _______ from my parents. 我一直盼望着收到父母的来信。
  3. hear B. being heard C. be heard                    D. hearing

 

第四部分:完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

以下短文中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每给句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从ABCD 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

More and more teachers and parents have noticed another kind of pollution,   21  came from the printed papers sold on streets. 越来越多的老师和家长已经注意到了另一种污染,即随街叫卖的印刷品。

These printed things look like newspaper but have hardly anything to do with them. You can only find reading materials badly   22  there-some are too strange for anyone to believe,   23   are frightening stories of something even worse. However, many of the young students are getting absorbed in such poisonous reading, which costs them what they should pay for their breakfast and bring them nightmares and immoral ideas   24   return. Homework is left undone, daily games lost.

  这些印刷品看起来像报纸,但几乎和报纸粘不上边。你看到的只是胡编乱造的文章-有些离奇得让人难以置信,有些是更糟糕的恐怖故事。然而,许多学生却迷上了这种有毒文章,他们花早餐钱去买这些印刷品,而带给他们的却只有恶梦和不健康的思想。家庭作业不做,日常锻炼丧失。

These sellers shout on streets selling their papers well. The writes, publishers and printers,   25  they are, we never know, are making their silent money. The sheep skinned wolf’s stories seem to have been forgotten once again.

    这些卖报者在街上叫卖,生意不错。这些作者、出版商和印刷者,我们不知道他们是谁,正默默地赚着他们的钱。披着羊皮的狼的故事似乎又一次被遗忘了。

Why not forbid this kind of things at school? Yes, both teachers and parents have   26   each other for more strict control of the young readers. Yet unfortunately,   27   you want to forbid it, the more they want to have a look at it. Sometimes you may even find several children share one patched paper, which has traveled from one had to   28   driven by the curious nature.

   学校为什么不禁止这种读物?是的,老师和家长都互相要求更严格监控这些小读者。不幸的是,你越想禁止,他们就越想看。有时你甚至发现好几个孩子争着看一张由于好奇心而传来传去的破报纸。

It really does harm to our society. It has already formed a sort of moral pollution. The   29   teachers and parents need more powerful support. Meanwhile, the young readers need more interesting books to help them   30   these ugly papers.

  这种读物确实对我们的社会是有害的。它已经形成了一种道德污染。担忧的老师和家长需要更有力的支持。同时,这些小读者需要更多有趣的读物来帮助他们摆脱这些不健康的读物。

  1. A. it B. that C. which                       D. this pollution
  2. A. made of B. made up C. made from                D. made in
  3. A. the others B. others C. the other                   D. some others
  4. A. as B. in C. for                           D. from
  5. A. however B. whoever C. whichever                 D. however
  6. A. warned B. advised C. persuaded                  D. asked
  7. A. if B. the more C. one                          D. only when
  8. A. the others B. some others C. another                     D. others
  9. A. puzzled B. disappointed C. anxious                    D. worried
  10. A. destroy B. throw away C. fight against              D. get rid of

 

第五部分:英翻汉(满分15分)

请把下列3句英文翻译成中文。

  1. There is a large amount of energy wasted due to friction.
  2. This place has plentiful material resources.
  3. Various substances differ widely in their magnetic characteristics.

第六部分:写作(满分15分)

要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短信。

Help Me to Buy A Spoken English Book

  1. 介绍你的近况。
  2. 请他帮你买本英语口语书。
  3. 欢迎他方便时来访。

 

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