电大专科《综合英语(2)》期末考试答案

专科《综合英语(2)》期末复习
2014年6月

考试题型及分值:
1.Vocabulary and structure. Choose the best answer on the answer sheet.(每小题1分,共20分)

II. Close Test。(每小题2分,共20分)

III. Reading Comprehension(每小题2分,共30分)

IV. Translate the following sentences into English .(每小题3分,共15分)

V. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. (每小题3分,共15分)
模拟练习:
1.Vocabulary and structure. Choose the best answer on the answer sheet.(每小题1分,共20分)
1、- Thank you ever so much for your lovely gift.
- ____ B_____
A.Never mind
B.I'm glad you like it.
C.Please don't say so.
D.No, It's not so good.
2、- What's the problem with your bike?
- ____C_____
A.Not at all.
B.Good, thank you.
C.Nothing serious.
D.Sure
3、- Good morning, John . How are you doing?
- ___C______
A.I'm pleased.
B.Good night.
C.Not so bad. And you?
D.How do you do?
4、- How do you do?
- _____B____
A.Fine, thank you.
B.How do you do?
C.Not too bad.
D.Very well.
5、- Good-bye for now.
- ____C_____
A.The same to you.
B.That's OK.
C.See you.
D.Long time no see.
6. Professor Johnson comes from either Oxford or MIT, I can’t remember A .
A where B there C which D that
7. Never get off the bus C it has stopped.
A if B as soon as C until D or
8. The red flower goes from one to C in the class.
A the other B others C another D other
9. Important C his discovery was, it was regarded as a matter of no account in his time.
A when B until C as D although
10. The manager will not D us to use his car.
A have B let C agree D allow
11. Of all the students in our class, Betty writes B .
A very carefully B most carefully C more carefully D the most carefully
12.—Don’t you feel surprised to see George at the meeting
--Yes. I really didn’t think he C here.
A has been B had been C would be D would have been
13.—The physics exam is not difficult, is it?
-- C .Even Harry to the top students failed in it.
A Yes; belong B No; belonged C Yes; belonging D No; belonging
14. People at the party worried about him, because no one was aware A he had gone.
A of where B of the place where C where D the place
15. Therefore, other things C equal, the number of workers that employers want decreases.
A is B are C being D having
16. -Hi, Jane. Would you like to go to the ball this evening?
-Sorry, Frank. __B________tomorrow’s lessons, I have no time to go out with you.
A. Not preparing B. Not having prepared C. Not to prepare D. Being not prepared
17. The young lady coming over to us ____A______our English teacher; the way she walks tells us that!
A. must be B. can be C. would be D. could be
18. On formal____D____, people pay more attention to manners.
A. situations B. cases C. conditions D. occasions
19. We all thought ___D____pity that you were unable to come to our meeting.
A. that B. which C. this D. it
20. Did you notice the guy ___C_____head like a big potato?
A. who B. which C. whose D. Whom
II. Close Test。 (每小题2分,共20分)
Everyone likes gifts. Some little kids think they don’t get __1__. Some old people think they get too __2__ gifts. Different people like different __3__ gifts.
Some presents are never too small. A little child may give his mother a leaf __4__ a tree. It is enough __5__ her very happy.
__6__ is different in different coutries. In Japan, people sometimes give special gifts. But they are not __7__. Later, the same gift may be given to someone else. Many people have enough things and don’t want too many gifts themselves. In Canada, many people will not give big gifts to someone else. They will pay for a park bench or a tree to help ¬__8__ a person. In the USA, some people ask their families and friends to give money to charity rather than __9__ them gifts. In Sweden, doing something for someone is the best gift. People don’t need to spend too much money. Instead, __10__ a meal is enough.
C 1. A. gifts enough B. enough gift C. enough gifts D. gift enough
A 2. A. many B. much C. a lot D. lot of
C 3. A. a kind of B. kind of C. kinds of D. a kind
A 4. A. from B. in C. of D. to
B 5. A. making B. to make C. made D. make
C 6. A. Give gifts B. Giving a gift C. Gift giving D. A gift giving
D 7. A. open B. opening C. is opened D. opened
C 8. A. remembering B. to remember C. remember D. remembered
C 9. A. buy B. buying C. to buy D. to buying
A 10. A. making B. to make C. make D. made

The population problem may be the ___1___ one of the world today. The world’s population is growing ___2__ . Two thousand years ago, there were only 250 million people ___3___ the earth. Four hundred years ago, the number was __4__ 500 million. But at the beginning of the __5__ century, the world’s population was about 1700 million. In 1970, this number was 3600 million. In 1990, the number was five billion. A __6__ report says that the world population will __7__ six billion by the end of the 20th century. This is just ten __8__ after it __9__ five billion. People say that by the year 2010, __10__ may be seven billion.
C 1. A. great B. greater C. greatest D. greating
A 2. A. faster and faster B. fast and fast C. fastest and fastest D. faster and fast
B 3. A. in B. on C. at D. for
D 4. A. close B. more C. almost D. over
C 5. A. twenty B. twelve C. twentieth D. twelfth
B 6. A. USA B. UN C. PRC D. PLA
B 7. A. past B. pass C. passed D. passes
D 8. A. weeks B. months C. seasons D. years
C 9. A. get B. gets C. reached D. reach
D 10. A. this B. its C. one D. it

Someone says,” Time is money,” but I think time is __1__ important than money. Why? Because when money is spent, we can get it back. However, when time is __2__, it’ll never __3__. That is __4__ we must not waste time. It goes without saying that the __5__is usually limited. Ever a second is very important. We should make full use of our time to __6__ useful.
But it is a pity that there are a lot of people who do not know the importance of the time. They spent their limited time smoking, drinking and __7__. They do not know that wasting time means wasting part of their own __8__.
In a word, we should save time. We shouldn’t __9__ today’s work for tomorrow. Remember we have no time to __10__.
D 1. A. much B. less C. much less D. even more
C 2. A. cost B. bought C. gone D. finished
A 3. A. return B. carry C. take D. bring
D 4. A. what B. that C. because D. why
B 5. A. money B. time C. day D. food
B 6. A. nothing B. something C. anything D. everything
C 7. A. reading B. writing C. playing D. working
D 8. A. time B. food C. money D. life
B 9. A. stop B. leave C. let D. give
A 10. A. lose B. save C. spend D. take

III. Reading Comprehension(每小题2分,共30分)

Passage 1
Whenever I see older woman driving a car, I can’t help remembering what happened to me when I first started driving. Let’s see now it was a rather nasty, rainy day: you know, one of those days when you wished you had stayed in bed instead. It was only my remember I had just turned a corner and driven up to a stop light. While driving toward the intersection the light suddenly turned red. The changing of the light came to me as a surprise and while thinking of what to do next I realized what I had done, I immediately got out of my car. Just as I was doing that, I saw a little old lady get out of the car in front of me and march towards me. I was really happy to see that no one was hurt. Well, she suddenly stopped, stared at me seriously in the face and said,“Listen, young man, how do you manage to stop your car when I’m not in front of you?”
1 What does the speaker remember whenever he sees an old lady driving? A
A. when he first started driving.
B. when he drove through a red light.
C. when he first saw an old lady.
D. When it is raining
2.How did the speaker feel on the bumping ? C
A. pleased. B. happy C. contented D excited
3.Why did he bump into the car? B
A. The light didn’t change soon enough.
B. The light changed soon enough.
C. He stopped soon enough.
D. He didn’t see the lights.
4.Was the old lady’s question very serious? C
A. Not really.
B. Quite good.
C. Of course.
D. No, she’s joking.
5. Without the lady’s car, the man_____D__________.
A. can’t stop.
B. Jump into a man.
C. will be killed.
D. can stop by himself.

Passage 2
It is Sunday morning. John’s just sitting around and doing nothing. He hates it. He doesn’t like spending Sundays at home. He likes going out. He likes doing things. He likes playing sports. He enjoys dancing and he loves going to the gym. He sometimes stays at the gym all morning. But his wife doesn’t like going out. She enjoys watching TV at home. She is watching TV right now. she is watching TV at their bedroom. They’ve got a big TV there. But John never watches it. He hates watching TV.
6. John and his wife live in a big house? C
 A.right
B.wrong
C.Doesn’t say.
7. John is keen on sports. A
A.right
B.wrong
C.Doesn’t say.
8.John doesn’t like watch TV? A
A.right
B.wrong
C.Doesn’t say.
9.Both John and his wife enjoy going out? B
A.right
B.wrong
C.Doesn’t say.
10.His wife watching TV at the hall? B
A.right
B.wrong
C.Doesn’t say.

Passage 3
The Earth has a force that pulls things toward itself. We call this force gravity. This is something we live with all the time, and we take it for granted and hardly ever think about it. But it is a most important factor in rocket operation and must be overcome if we are to get anywhere in space, or off the ground at all.
Take the throwing of a ball as an example. The harder the ball is thrown, the faster and higher it will go. What is the secret? Its speed. If we could throw the ball hard enough it would go up and up forever and never come down. The speed at which it would have to be thrown to do this is known as escape speed. Of course, we cannot throw a ball hard enough because the speed required to escape completely from the Earth’s gravity is seven miles per second, or over twenty-five thousand miles per hour.
Once escape speed has been reached by a spacecraft, no further power is needed. A rocket aimed at the Moon, for instance, will “coast” the rest of the way because the Earth’s gravity cannot then pull it back, and there is no air resistance in space to slow it down. This “coasting” is known as “free fall”. That does not mean the rocket is falling down towards the Earth but that it is traveling freely in space without the aid of power, like a bicycle coasting downhill.
Free fall is an important feature of space travel: it would be impossible to carry enough fuel to provide powered flight all the time
11. Gravity is a force that C .
A.all heavenly bodies attract things towards themselves
B.human being think about all the time
C.a rocket must overcome before it is launched into the space
D.we live without in our life on earth.
12. Escape speed can be achieved only if we can launch the rocket at the speed of B .
A. seven miles per minute B. seven miles per second
C. twenty-five thousand meters per hour D. twenty-five miles per hour
13. The word “coast”(Line 2. Para.3) can be replaced by A .
A. move freely along B. area next to the sea
C. rotate D. find out
14. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? B
A. Everyone can throw the ball hard enough to make it go up forever.
B. Escape speed is a speed at which something can escape from the earth’s gravity
C. The power is still needed to push it forward when a spacecraft has been in outer space
D. There is air resistance in space
15. What is the main topic of the conversation? C
A.How earth’s gravity affect space travel
B.How spacecraft are made
C. What important factors are in rocket operation?
D. Why a bicycle can coast downhill

Passage 1
The French Revolution broke out in 1789. At the time France was in a crisis. The government was badly run and people’s lives were miserable. King Louis XIV tried to control the national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed. He ordered his troops to Versailles. The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14,1789, they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July 14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792 to get support from Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie also had her head cut off. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte.
1. What’s this passage about? C
A. France. B. King Louis.
C. The French Revolution. D. Europe.

2. Which did not happen in 1789? B
A. The French Revolution broke out.
B. The national economy was developing rapidly.
C. The government wasn’t well run.
D. King Louis XIV was in power.

3. Where were the political prisoners kept? D
A. In Versailles. B. In Austria C. In Prussia. D. In Bastille.

4. What does the underlined word “abolished ” mean? D
A. Put off. B. Established.
C. United. D. Ended.

5. What was NOT the effect of the Revolution? D
A. July 14 has become the French National Day.
B. It brought some impact on the other European kings.
C. Louis’s wife, Marie was killed.
D. The king tried to control the national parliament.

Passage 2
Mrs. Jones' telephone number was 3463, and the number of the cinema in her town was 3464, so people often made a mistake when they wanted the cinema.
One evening the telephone bell rang and Mrs. Jones answered it. A tired man said, "At what time does your last film begin?"
"I'm sorry," said Mrs. Jones, "but you have the wrong number. This is not the cinema."
"Oh, it began twenty minutes ago," said the man. "I'm sorry about that. Goodbye."
Mrs. Jones was very surprised, so she told her husband. Mr. Jones laughed and said, "The man's wife wanted to go the cinema, but he was feeling tired, so he telephoned the cinema. His wife heard HIM, but she didn't hear YOU. Now they will stay at home this evening, and the husband will be happy!"
6. Why do people often telephone Mrs. Jones when they want the cinema? D
A. Because she lives next door to the cinema.
B. Because she knows the cinema program very well.
C. Because the telephone company's computer goes wrong from time to time.
D. Because her telephone number is similar to that of the cinema.
7. Why was Mrs. Jones so surprised at a phone call one evening? C
A. Because the call was from a stranger. B. Because the man on the phone knew her name.
C. Because the man on the phone asked a question and then answered it himself.
D. Because the man on the phone invited her to the cinema.
8. According to Mr. Jones, why didn't the man on the phone want to go to the cinema? B
A. Because he had seen the film before. B. Because he was feeling very tired that evening.
C. Because the film wasn't worth seeing. D. Because the film had started already.
9. What do you think the man's wife wanted to do that evening? A
A. To go to the cinema with her husband. B. To find out when the last film started.
C. To stay home with her husband. D. To eat out with her husband and then go to the cinema.
10. What can you conclude from the story? B
A. The man on the phone was not interested in film.
B. The man on the phone was rather clever. C. The man's wife was fond of films.
D. The telephone companies are inefficient sometimes.

Passage 3
My secret for staying young is simple. Put all attention to the part of your brain and keep it young and growing. Keep your mind awake and you'll stay young all over. These are exciting times. Take an interest in the world around you, and stick to learning at least one new thing every day. No matter how old you are, it's not too late to make your life more interesting. I know a housewife with no knowledge before she made herself into a well-known engineer. I know a retired electrical engineer who has become a highly-paid dress designer. Get over the idea that you are too old to go back to school. I know a man who entered medical college at 70. He got his degree with honours and became a famous doctor. Another man went to law school at 71 and now was an active lawyer. Staying young is easy for those, old or young, who live in the future. You can do it if you care enough to try. Keep your mind awake and active: that's the only way.
11. According to the passage, that people's brain of all ages remains young and growing is____. C
A. impossible B. a scientific fact C. a secret D. a wrong conclusion 
12. It is wrong for the old to______. A
A. think himself too old to go back to school B. keep his mind awake
C. try to stay young D. lead an active life
13. The passage says that the man who entered college at 70 _______. D
A. was unthinkable B. became tired of his life
C. wanted to be a highly-paid man D. became famous in the medical circle
14. The only way to keep young is______. D
A. to go back to school B. not to consider one's age
C. to live in the future D. to keep one's mind awake and alive
15. The writer suggests that you should ___C__learning at least one new thing every day.
A. take care of B. set out C. keep on D. turn to

Passage4
When weather is hot, you go to a lake or an ocean. When you are near a lake or an ocean, you feel cool. Why? The sun makes the earth hot, but it cannot make the weather very hot. Although, the air over the earth becomes hot, the air over the water stays cool. The hot air over the earth rises.
Then the cool air over the water moves in and takes the place of the hot air. When you are near a lake or an ocean, you feel the cool air when it moves in .You feel the wind, and the wind makes you feel cool.
Of course, scientists cannot answer all of our questions. If we ask, “Why is the ocean full of salt?” scientists will say that the salt comes form rocks. When a rock gets very hot or very cold, it cracks. Rain falls into the cracks. The rain then carries the salt into the earth and into the rivers. The rivers carry the salt into the ocean. But then we ask, “What happens to the salt in the ocean? The ocean does not get more salty every year.” Scientists are not sure about the answer o this question.
We know a lot about our world. But there are still many answers that we do not have, and we are curious.
1. The main idea of the passage is ____A________.
A. people feel cool when they are near a lake or an ocean
B. scientists can explain everything we want to know
C. scientists can explain many things except one thing
D. the salt in the ocean comes from rocks
2. You feel cool when you are near a lake or an ocean because ___D_____.
A. the water is not so hot as the earth.
B. the earth is hot
C. the water is colder than the earth
D. cool air from the water moves towards the land
3. Now scientists know ___A____.
A. what makes people feel cool near a lake or an ocean in summer
B. everything about the ocean
C. why the ocean does not get more and more salty
D. what happens to the salt in the ocean
4. A rock cracks when _____D____.
A. rain falls B. it gets very hot C. it gets very cold D. either B or C
5. People are always curious about the world around them because ___C________.
A. they know nothing about it B. they know little about it
C. there are answers they do not have D. there are a lot of interesting stories about it
Passage 5
If you do not use your arms or your legs for some time, they will become weak, when you start using them again, they slowly become strong again. Everybody knows that. Yet many people do not seem to know that memory works in the same way.
When someone says that he has a good memory, he really means that he keeps his memory in practice by using it. When someone else says that his memory is poor, he really means that he does not give it enough chance to become strong.
If a friend says that his arms and legs are weak, we know it is his own fault. But if he tells us that he has a poor memory, many of us think that his parent may be blamed, and few of us know that it is just his own fault. Have you ever found that some people can’t read or write but usually they have better memories? This is because they cannot read or write and they have to remember thing, they cannot write them down in a small notebook. They have to remember days, names songs and stories, so their memory is the whole time being exercises.
So if you want to have a good memory, learn from people ; practices remembering things in a way as other people do.
6. Someone can’t have a good memory if __B______.
A. he can’t read or write B. he doesn’t use his memory
C. his parents haven’t a good memory D. he doesn’t use his arms or legs for some time
7. If you do not use your arms or your legs for some time, ______D___________.
A. they become weak forever.
B. they are always strong.
C. they become weak but they slowly become strong again
D. they become weak and won’t become strong until you use them again.
8. Which of the following is true? B
A. The way that your memory works is different from that of your arms or legs.
B. Your memory becomes weak if you do not give it enough chance for practice.
C. Don’t learn how to read and write if you want to have a better memory.
D. A good memory comes from less practice.
9. Few people know that it is only __A____ if a friend has a poor memory.
A. his own fault B. his parent’s fault
C. his teacher’s fault D. his grandmothers’ fault
10. The writer wants to tell us ____C_______.
A. how to use our arms or legs B. how to have strong arms
C. how to have a good memory D. how to learn from the people
Passage 6
A million tourists go to Barcelona every year. They want to see Antonio Gaude’s church. This unusual church has a strange history. Gaude was born in Spain in 1852. He had to work and study at the same time. He often missed classes because he had to work, but one day he designed a very unusual show-case for an exhibition in Paris. People began to give him work. He designed houses, offices and gardens. They were all very unusual . He was soon rich and famous. Then a rich bookseller said, “Will you build a church for the poor people of Barcelona? I will pay. I will build schools and workshops, too. They will help the people.” “I will do it,” said Gaudi. He worked for forty years, but he could not finish the church. It was too big. He needed $10,000,000. He gave all his money to the church. He was poor again when he died in 1926, and only the front of the church was finished. But architects, engineers and tourists from all over the world come to see it. It is very strange, very modern and very revolutionary.
11. Which of the following titles best fits the passage? B
A. Barcelona----- a Famous City B. A Strange History of An Unusual Church
C. A Poor Architect’s Unusual Works D. Antonio Gaudi’s Life
12. Which of the following is NOT true? C
A. Gaudi was a Spanish architect.
B. Gaudi devoted most of his life to the building of the church.
C. People all over the world admire the architect very much.
D. Many tourists go to see Gaudi’s unfinished church.
13. Gaudi sometimes missed classes because _____B_______.
A. he didn’t like it B. he had to work at the same time
C. they were too difficult D. he had to build a church
14. The church is unusual because _______D_______.
A. it’s unfinished B. it’s strange C. it’s modern D. all of the above
15. According to the passage, Gaudi _____D_______.
A. suffered a lot in his life B. was full of sympathy to the poor
C. always created unusual works D. both B and C

Passage 7
It has been reported that in colleges across the United States, the daytime serial drama known as the soap opera has suddenly become “in”. Between the hours of 11 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., college television lounges are filled with soap opera fans who can’t wait to see the next episode in the lives of their favorite characters.
Actually, soaps are more than a college favorite; they’re a youth favorite. When school is out, high-school students are in front of their TV sets. One young working woman admitted that she turned down a higher paying job rather than give up watching her favorite serials. During the 1960's, it was uncommon for young people to watch soap operas. The mood of the sixties was very different from now. It was a time of seriousness, and talk was about social issues of great importance.
Now, seriousness has been replaced by fun. Young people want to be happy. It may seem strange that they should turn to soap opera, which is known for showing trouble in people’s lives. But soap opera is enjoyment. Young people can identify with the soap opera character, who, like the college-age viewer, is looking for happy love, and probably not finding it. And soap opera gives young people a chance to feel close to people without having to bear any responsibility for their problems.
Laws have been written to govern the use of American National Flag,and to ensure proper respect for the flag.Custom has also governed the common practice in regard to its use.All the armed services have precise regulations on how to display the national flag.This may vary somewhat from the general rules.The national flag should be raised and lowered by hand.Do not raise the flag while it is folded.Unfold the flag first,and then hoist it quickly to the top of the flagpole.Lower it slowly and with dignity.Place no objects on or over the flag.Do not use the flag as part of a costume or athletic uniform.Do not print it upon cushions,handkerchiefs,paper napkins or boxes.A federal law provides that the trademark cannot be registered if it comprises the flag,or badgers of the US.When the flag is used to unveil a statue or monument, it shouldn’t serve as a covering of the object to be unveiled.If it is displayed on such occasions, do not allow the flag to fall to the ground,but let it be carried high up in the air to form a feature of the ceremony.Take every precaution to prevent the flag from soiled.It should not be allowed to touch the ground or floor,nor to brush against objects.
1.How do Americans ensure proper respect for the national flag? C
A.By making laws. B.By enforcing discipline.
C.By educating the public. D.By holding ceremonies.
2.What is the regulation regarding the raising of the American National Flag? C
A.It should be raised by soldiers.
B.It should be raised quickly by hand.
C.It should be raised only by Americans.
D.It should be raised by mechanical means.
3.How should the American National Flag be displayed at an unveiling ceremony? D
A.It should be attached to the status.
B.It should be hung from the top of the monument.
C.It should be spread over the object to be unveiled.
D.It should be carried high up in the air.
4.What do we learn about the use of the American National Flag? C
A.There has been a lot of controversy over the use of flag.
B.The best athletes can wear uniforms with the design of the flag.
C.There are precise regulations and customs to be followed.
D.Americans can print the flag on their cushions or handkerchiefs.
5.What is Americans’ attitude towards their National Flag? B
A.Arbitrary. B.Respect.
C.Happy. D.Brave.
Passage 8
Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it,and to go in to their offices or schools every day by train,car or bus,even though this means they have to get up early in the morning and reach home late in the evening.
One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper.Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent.With the same money,one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own.
Then,in the country one can really get away from the noise and hurry of busy working lives.Even though one has to get up earlier and spend.more time in trains or buses,one can sleep better at night and during weekends and on summer evenings,one can enjoy the fresh,clean air of the country.If one likes gardens,one can spend one’s free time digging,planting,watering and doing the hundred and one other jobs which are needed in a garden.Then,when the flowers and vegetables come up,one has got the reward together with those who have shared the secret of Nature.
Some people,however,take no interest in country things:for them,happiness lies in the town.with its cinemas and theatres,beautiful shops and busy streets,dance–halls and restaurants.Such people would feel that their life was not worth living if they had to live it outside London.An occasional walk in one of the parks and a fortnight’s(two weeks)visit to the sea every summer is all the country they want:the rest they are quite prepared to leave to those who are glad to get away from London every night.
6.Which of the following statements is NOT true?    B     
A.People who love Nature prefer to live outside the city.
B.All the people who work in London prefer to live in the country.
C.Some people enjoying city life prefer to work and live inside London.
D.Many nature lovers,though working in London,prefer to live outside the city.
7.With the same money needed for C ,one can buy a little house with a garden in the country.
A.getting a small flat with a garden B.having a small flat with a garden
C.renting a small flat without a garden D.buying a small flat without a garden
8.When the garden is in blossom,the one B has been rewarded.
A.1iving in the country
B.having spent time working in the garden
C.having a garden of his own
D.having been digging,planting and watering
9.People who think happiness lies in the city life would feel that A if they had to live outside London.
A.their life was meaningless B.their life was invaluable
C.they didn’t deserve a happy life D.they were not worthy of their happy life
10.The underlined phrase get away from in the 3rd paragraph refers to C .
A.deal with B.do away with
C.escape from D.prevent from
Passage 9
By definition,heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon courage,achievements,and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of others—they are people against whom we measure others.They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation’s consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them.Yet, some people say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of heroism is something beyond us–an artifact of the past. Some maintain,that because the Cold War is over and because America is at peace,our age is essentially an un-heroic one.Furthermore,the overall crime rate is down,poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy,and advances continue to be made in medical science.
Cultural icons are hard to define,but we know them when we see them.They are people who manage to go beyond celebrity (明星),who are legendary,who somehow manage to become mythic.But what makes some figures icons and 0therS mere celebrities?That’s hard to answer.In part,their lives have the quality of a story to tell.For instance,the beautiful young Diana Spencer who at 19 married a prince,renounced marriage and the throne,and died at the moment she found true love.Good looks certainly help.So does a special indefinable charm,with the help of the media.But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death—such as Martin Luther King,Jr. John F.Kennedy,and Princess Diana.
11.The passage mainly deals with C .
A.1ife and death B.heroes and heroines
C.heroes and icons D.icons and celebrities
12.Heroes and heroines are usually D .
A.courageous B.good examples to follow
C.self-sacrificing D.all of the above
13.Which of the following statements is wrong? D
A.Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth.
B.Superstars are famous for being famous.
C.One’s look can contribute to being famous.
D.Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times.
14.Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love C .
A.when she was 19 B.when she became a princess
C.just before her death    D.after she gave birth to a prince
15.What is more likely to set an icon’s status?  B     
  A.Good looks. B.Tragic and early death.
C.Personal attraction. D.The quality of one’s story.

IV. Translate the following sentences into English .(每小题3分,共15分)

1.这里的苹果喜欢水和阳光。 1. Apples here like water and sunshine.
2.汤姆是一个学习十分用功的学生,以至于不久他就成了班里学习最好的学生。 2. Tom was such a hardworking student that he soon came out first in the class.
3.泰德和威廉已经在同一个屋檐下生活了五年了。 3. Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.
4.你不必去了,他已经知道那件事了。 4. You needn't go there anymore. He already knows about it.
5.众所周知,中国是一个发展中国家。 5. As is known to all, China is a developing country.
V. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. (每小题3分,共15分)

1. A lot of natural resources in the mountain area are to be exploited and used. 1.那个山区有许多自然资源有待于开发利用。
2. In Foreign Languages Department, a checking machine is used to correct the students' est papers. 1.那个山区有许多自然资源有待于开发利用。
3. The students are encouraged by their teacher to do more listening, reading and writing. 1.那个山区有许多自然资源有待于开发利用。 3.老师鼓励学生多听,多读,多写。
4. The plan has been over fulfilled by now. 4.目前,已经超额完成计划。
5. The most common samples of inorganic materials are the gases of the atmosphere, water, rocks, etc. 5.大气中的气体、水、岩石都是无机物中最普通的实例。
6.我一直打算打电话给你。6.I've been meaning to call you.
7. 你一定是吓坏了。7. You must have been terrified.
8.我们的儿子是在香港出生长大的。8. Our son was born and brought up in Hongkong.
9.对不起,我不经意地听到你们的谈话。9. Excuse me, I couldn't help overhearing your conversation.
10.还有一个可能的解释是,那些报道看到这些东西的人也许是在凭空想象,或者是编造故事以引人注意。 (make up) 10. Another possible explanation is that the people who report the sightings could be imagining what they saw or making up stories to get attention.