"题目:— ______________________________

— No, sorry, I didn't know the rule about punching in.
: Are you late this morning, Wendy?
; Didn't you punch out this morning, Wendy?
; Didn't you punch in this morning, Wendy?"
"题目:— I suppose there'll be a lot of arguments.

— __________________
: I should imagine so.
; No problem.
; That's a good idea."
"题目:— I wish you success in your career.

: Go ahead.
; It doesn't matter.
; The same to you."
"题目:— I'm leaving for Shanghai tomorrow.

— __________________
: See you later.
; Have a pleasant trip!
; Let's go out for a drink."
"题目:— Who should be responsible for the accident?

— The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order_______.
: as are told
; as told
; as they told"

—We have three major divisions: Operations, Sales and Marketing, Finance and Administration.
: How many departments do we have?
; Which division are you in?
; Which department shows the best?"
"题目:A bus driver _______________ the safety of his passengers.
: is responsible in
; is responsible for
; is responsible to"
"题目:A number of boys ____________absent some time during the term.
: have been
; has been
; will"
"题目:He will write to me as soon as he ________ home.
: will have returned
;  returns
; will return "
"题目:I am ________________your early coming.
: looking forward to
; looking forward
; look forward to"
"题目:Leave the reference books behind, __________ you won't be able to think independently.
: or
; and
; so"
"题目:My friend invited me __________ the art club, and I accepted it with pleasure.
: join
; to join
; joining"
"题目:The key_________ successful implementation is clearly communicating the strategy to the whole company.
: to
; in
; of"
"题目:The programme gives students the ___________to learn more about global warming.
: success
; ambition
; opportunity"
"题目:This is the man ___ last night.
: whom I saw him
; whom I saw
; who I saw him"




1. If you are smart enough, and have got ambition and keep pushing forward, you can rise to the top of your chosen profession. {A; B; C}

A. 如果你足够聪明, 有野心和继续推进, 那么你就可以得到你选择的职业。

B. 如果你既聪明过人,又有上进心,并且勇往直前,那么你就可以升职。

C. 如果你既聪明过人,又有上进心,并且勇往直前,那么你就可以在自己所选的职业领域中出类拔萃。

2. It's up to you to strive for your place, to keep yourself engaged and productive during a working life that may last around 50 years. {A; B; C}

A. 由你决定是否勤奋工作,并在大约50年的职业生涯中,能否积极上进,取得成效。

B. 在大约50年的职业生涯中,能否积极上进,勤奋工作,取得成效是取决于你自己的。

C. 由你来决定在可能持续的大约50年的职业生涯中,能否积极上进,取得成效。

3. They are so unusual both in their talents and their accomplishments as to be considered rare exceptions. {A; B; C}

A. 正因为他们既才智过人,又成就非凡,所以他们这样的例子少之又少。

B. 他们的才华和成就都不一般,极少考虑别人。

C. 他们是如此不同寻常的,被认为是罕见的例外。

4. We will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contribution. {A; B; C}

A. 我们将不得不做出最大的贡献。

B. 我们应该拿下最大的项目。

C. 我们应该把自己放到能做出最大贡献的位置。

5. Some are still nervous about losing their jobs despite the low wages. {A; B; C}

A. 尽管工资不高,但还是有很多人担心失去这份工作。

B. 因为工资低,很多人打算去辞职。

C. 尽管福利不好,但还是有很多人担心失去这份工作。"




1. Wendy punched in this morning. {T; F}

2. They need to punch out after work. {T; F}

3. They need to work overtime. {T; F}

4. They can wear casual clothes when going out on a sales call. {T; F}

5. They can use office phones for personal matters. {T; F}"

二、听力理解 听对话录音,根据对话内容完成下方题目(每题10分)。 TASK3_TEST.MP3 操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。 1. The two speakers are _________. {A; B; C}  A. teacher and student  B. colleagues  C. classmates 2. There are divisions in the company _________. {A; B; C}  A. 3  B. 4  C. 10 3. Customer Service is a part of division _________. {A; B; C}  A. Operations  B. Sales and Marketing  C. Finance and Administration 4. The Sales and Marketing includes departments _________. {A; B; C}  A. 2  B. 3  C. 4 5. The director of the Sales and Marketing is now _________. {A; B; C}  A. in an online meeting  B. on holiday  C. on a business trip



Joachim's vision is based on an idea called pleaching (编织), where tree branches are grown so that they naturally weave together. Since the growth patterns of trees are {effected; affected; attempted} by wind and sunlight, it may be possible to control the way a tree develops.

These Fabricated Tree House Habitats would use trees grown into shapes as housing. One of the {purposes; disadvantages; advantages} of these designs is that trees would not have to be cut down for lumber.

"A 100 percent treehouse would take years to create," Joachim said.{Depending on; Judging by; Protected from} the climate, a house could take anywhere from 5 to 30 years to grow. Fortunately, there's a way to speed up the process. Joachim suggests including ecological materials such as sod (草皮), grasses and living branches in the housing designs. "This material would be able to move as the house grows," Joachim said.

A home would become an actual ecosystem, a community of plants, animals, and bacteria working together. The trees would also give off water vapor that would assist in {cleaning; heating; cooling} the homes. Solar panels and wind would help provide energy. The tree homes might even have soil pockets, where plants could grow from the structure itself.

Work has already begun on Joachim's first design—a house made from 50 percent recycled and 50 percent living things. Joachim is confident about the {happiness; benefit; importance} of his work, as he uses natural products without destroying nature.

"The environment and its study are very important. We need to respect nature, don't take it for granted," he said."

I'm Michael Bush, Managing Director of Hoogle Engineering. I am pleased to welcome you here to our website and I'd like to tell you a little about the company and its organization. Hoogle Engineering was set up in 1960. It was divided into several departments at that time, such as the sales department, marketing department, and production department. Lots of managers were employed to manage it all.

Fortunately things are different now. Sixty people are employed by Hoogle and communication between departments is considered to be one of the most important aspects of the business. The market is global so we need to make contact with customers worldwide, not just locally.

But in the old days we were all in different departments and never spoke to each other. We had a tall structure. Traditionally we had people at the first level on the shop floor, manufacturing products according to the instructions which they were given. Then you had a supervisory level of people who supervised them every day. Then you moved up to the middle management, who were doing the tasks of getting new business, and then you had the senior management team, and then you had the board, who decided the business strategy. So there were a lot of levels in the company in the old days actually.

The structure today is that we form teams within teams to place people who can manufacture a product. Each team has members that can manufacture different products. The actual teams now are self-managing, so we don't even have team leaders. You've got the teams, and then you've got two people, only two people, who are what you think of as management. This is generally called flat structure.


1. Hoogle Engineering was set up in __________. {A; B; C}

A. the nineteenth century

B. the twentieth century

C. the twenty first century

2. There are many different __________of management in a tall structure. {A; B; C}

A. kinds

B. levels

C. functions

3. People in a flat structure usually work in __________. {A; B; C}

A. departments

B. families

C. teams

4. All of the following statements are true according to the passage EXCEPT that __________. {A; B; C}

A. communication in the company is becoming more and more important

B. the author thinks the two structures have the same functions

C. there are more individual responsibilities in the flat structure

5. The best title for the passage is __________. {A; B; C}

A. Organization Structure in Hoogle Engineering

B. History of Hoogle Engineering

C. Success in Hoogle engineering"

We live in an age full of opportunities: If you are smart enough, and have got ambition and keep pushing forward, you can rise to the top of your chosen profession, no matter where you started out.

But with opportunity comes responsibility. Companies today aren't managing their employees' careers. Professional workers must be their own chief executive officers (CEO). It's up to you to strive for your place, to keep yourself engaged and productive during a working life that may last around 50 years. To do those things well, you'll need to have a deep understanding of yourself — not only what your strengths and weaknesses are, but also how you learn, how you work with others, what your values are, and where you can make the greatest contribution, because only when you operate from strength can you achieve true excellence.

History's great achievers — Napoléon, da Vinci, and Mozart — have always managed themselves. But they are so unusual both in their talents and in their accomplishments as to be considered rare exceptions. Now, most of us, even those of us with modest talents, will have to learn to manage ourselves. We will have to learn to develop ourselves. We will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contribution. And we will have to stay mentally alert and engaged during a 50-year working life, which means knowing how and when to change the work we do.


1. Companies today are responsible for employee's career. {T; F}

2. It is the CEO who decides your place. {T; F}

3. You need to understand your company well so that you can do things well. {T; F}

4. Understanding yourself means knowing well about your strengths, weaknesses, your values, how you learn, how you do with others and so on. {T; F}

5. Ordinary people cannot manage themselves well. {T; F}"