国开电大管理英语4形考任务单元自测6答案

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"题目:_____the deepening of China's economic reforms, there is greater cooperation and interdependence between the private and the public sector.
: With
; As well as
; For the sake of"
"题目:— Can I have three days off next week, Mr. Smith?
— _____. I can manage without you.
: I'm afraid not
; Of course
; It depends"
"题目:— Don't worry, Mum. The doctor said it was only a common cold.
— ________ ! I'll tell Dad there's nothing serious.
: What a relief
; How surprising
; I'm so sorry"
"题目:— If you don't believe in yourself, no one else will.
— _____. Confidence is really important.
: That's not the point
; I don't think so
; I couldn't agree more"
"题目:— Which of these hats do you want?
— _______ . Either will do.
: I don't mind
; No problem
; Go ahead"
"题目:—I'm going to Beijing for a few days.
— _______. I wish I could go with you.
: It doesn't matter
; Forget it
; I really envy you"
"题目:All _____ glitters (闪闪发光) is not gold.
: that
; which
; what"
"题目:By the end of the year, the sales plan for the next year______.
: will be made
; will have been made
; have been made"
"题目:He ordered that nothing ________ until the police arrived.
: was touched
; should be touched
; had been touched"
"题目:On hearing the news of ______ the major exam again, the girl burst into tears.
: her having failed
; she failed
; her being failed"
"题目:Redundancy happens when employees need to _____ their workforce. And as a result, someone gets dismissed from work.
: reform
; reproduce
; reduce"
"题目:She is very adaptive and soon adapted ______ to the campus life.
: with
; to
; as"
"题目:There is no _____ the fact that he is the best student in the class.
: deny
; denies
; denying"
"题目:They depend on each other to survive. In other words, they are ______ for survival.
: interwoven
; interdependent
; international"
"题目:To build the reservoir(水库), thousands of people have to be_______ .
: relocated
; repeated
; reopened"

"二、完型填空(共50分)

操作提示:通过下拉选项框选择正确的词汇。

On May 27, 1995, our life was suddenly changed. It happened a few minutes past three, when my husband, Chris, fell from his horse as it jumped over a fence. Chris was paralyzed (瘫痪) from the chest down, {able; unable; suitable} to breathe normally. As he was thrown from his horse, we entered into a life of disability with lots of unexpected challenges. We went from the “haves” to the “have-nots”. Or so we thought.

Yet what we discovered later were all the gifts that came out of sharing difficulties. We came to learn that something {terrible; practical; wonderful} could happen in a disaster. All over the world people cared for Chris so much that letters and postcards poured in every day. By the end of the third week in a medical center in Virginia, about 35,000 pieces of {news; paper; mail} had been received and sorted. As {patients; a family; nurses}, we opened letter after letter. They gave us comfort and became a source of strength for us. We use them to encourage ourselves. I would go to the pile of letters marked with “funny” if we need a laugh, or to the “disabled” box to find advice from people in wheelchairs or even in bed living happily and {successfully; bitterly; weakly}. These letters, we realized, had to be shared. And so here we offer one of them to you. "
"二、阅读理解:根据文章内容,判断正误(共50分)。

JACK WELCH LEADING ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE AT GE

When Jack Welch, the Chairman and CEO at General Electric (GE) retired in 2001, he could look back at a very successful career. He became CEO in 1981 at the age of 45. At that time, GE had a very complex organizational structure with considerably bureaucratic rules.

One of his first changes was to initiate a strategy formulation process with the guideline that each of the businesses should be number 1 or 2 in their respective areas. If this was not the case, managers had the options of fixing the problem, selling their particular business, or closing it. In an effort to streamline the organization, Welch removed the sector level and eliminated thousands of salaried and hourly employee positions.

The restructuring was followed by changing the organizational culture and the managerial styles of GE's managers. One such program was the Work-Out(群策群力).Groups of managers were assembled to share their views openly in three-day sessions. At the beginning of the meetings, the superior presented the challenges for his or her organizational unit. Then the superior had to leave, requesting the groups to find solutions to the problems. Facilitators (会议主持人) helped these discussions. On the last day, the superior was presented with proposed solutions. He or she then had three choices: to accept the proposal, not to accept it, or to collect more information. This process put great pressure on the superior to make decisions.

Another program to improve effectiveness and efficiency was Best Practices. The aim was to learn from other companies how they obtained customer satisfaction, how they related to their suppliers, and in what ways they developed new products. This helped the GE people to focus on the processes in their operations that would improve the company's performance.

Jack Welch was personally involved in developing managers at GE's training center in Crotonville. Leaders, Welch suggested, are not only those who achieve results but also those who share the values of the company.

操作提示:正确选T,错误选F。

1. Jack Welch retired at the age of 65.{T; F}

2. Jack Welch insisted that each of the businesses should be at least number 3 in their respective area.{T; F}

3. If the business could not meet Welch's change requirements, its manager had 3choices.{T; F}

4. The restructuring went before changing the organizational culture and the managerial styles of GE's managers.{T; F}

5. The Work Out lasted a week.{T; F}"
"二、阅读理解:根据文章内容,完成选择题(共50分)。

HOW TO ADAPT TO CHANGE IN THE WORKPLACE

If there's one word that captures the essence of what is occurring in the world today, it's “change.” Downsizing, reorganizing, and cutting costs, are now the norm for survival. No industry is exempt. Even the most conservative institutions are undergoing significant change just to survive.

Change management has always been an issue of debate amongst scholars: how can employers create suitable conditions for a successful change process? And what can employees do to get through it?

Tips for dealing with change in the workplace.

●Make yourself aware that change happens: it happens in personal life, it happens in your professional life. You cannot live in the past, so denying that change could occur only makes things more complicated for you.

●Stay alert in the workplace: know what is happening around you. When you come across clues that hint change is on the way, acknowledge them!

●Maintain open communication channels: Don't lay back and expect things to pass you by smoothly. You need to get acquainted with the occurring changes. Seek more details from your management and peers to form an accurate understanding of the matter. Be transparent and honest about your fears: dealing with the unknown is often resented and daunting. Make the picture as clear as you can.

●Assess yourself: Change is a time when one's confidence about one's skills and capabilities gets shaky. Recognize your strengths and where you could bring them into play. At the same time, stay aware of your developmental areas and work on improving those.

●Don't be stiff: It will make the change process much harder if you are rigid. Be flexible enough to look at the different angles of the change and see where you could apply your “existing” skills and knowledge, and what news skills you need to acquire.

●Stay optimistic: Keep a positive attitude and don't let yourself drown in uncertainty. Involve yourself in the new process; locate yourself properly in the new scenario. Adjust!

“You can't get to the top of Everest by jumping up the mountain. You get to the mountaintop by taking incremental steps. Step by step, you get to the goal”, says Robin Sharma, one of the world's most-sought-after leadership and personal success experts.

操作提示:通过题目后的下拉选项框选择正确答案。

1. Enterprises carry out downsizing, reorganizing and cutting costs in order to {A; B; C}.

A. cut down on the number of workers

B. reshuffle the organization

C. survive

2. “No industry is exempt” means {A; B; C}.

A. No industry is an exception

B. No industry is an example

C. Not every industry can be exempted

3. The following questions are often discussed among scholars EXCEPT {A; B; C}.

A. How can bosses create favorable conditions for change

B. How can productivity be increased

C. What can workers do to get through change

4. How many suggestions does the author put forward?{A; B; C}

A. 4

B. 5

C. 6

5. From the passage, we know that Robin Sharma is {A; B; C}.

A. an expert on leadership, and personal success

B. a great leader

C. someone who likes to play the game of Hide and Seek"

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