国开电大开放英语3阶段性综合评测2(unit12)答案

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"题目:As he grows old his health __.
: drops
; decreases
; declines"
"题目:Asia is the biggest __ on earth.
: place
; land
; continent"
"题目:Do you like your school __ ?
: dresses
; uniforms
; costumes"
"题目:He always has a lot of business work __.
: on the move
; off the go
; on the go"
"题目:He has __ there for about an hour without moving.
: lain
; lay
; lied"
"题目:He is __ a new job.
: examining
; seeking
; searching"
"题目:He made __ changes in his new book.
: extensive
; large
; a lot"
"题目:He was __ of what he said.
: afraid
; frightened
; appalled"
"题目:He was deeply __ by the film.
: effected
; affected
; effective"
"题目:I am afraid that I can not __  with you.
: approve
; agree
; endorse"
"题目:I don’t __  of your plan.
: agree
; approve
; endorse"
"题目:I have to __ all the mess in this room.
: tidy up
; clear up
; clean up"
"题目:I spent most of my money in the first week __ had very little to eat by the end of the holiday.
: and consequently
; and however
; and so"
"题目:I was told he __ just a minor offence.
: made
; committed
; took"
"题目:It is said the matter was under __ .
: investigation
; inspection
; research"
"题目:It is said the police were __the matter?
: searching into
; looking into
; seeking into"
"题目:It matters little __ it will rain or snow.
: if
; whether
; how"
"题目:Mr. Robert has a __ of five.
: family
; household
; home"
"题目:She is __ school’s development committee.
: on
; in
; at"
"题目:She looked __ .
: annoy
; annoying
; annoyed"
"题目:The boss  __ our holiday by two more days.
: extended
; expanded
; stretched"
"题目:The bridge  __ the banks of the river.
: links
; joins
; connect"
"题目:The doctor asked him to __.
: go on diet
; go a diet
; go on a diet"
"题目:The dog __ a hole in my trousers yesterday.
: bit
; bitter
; bite"
"题目:The Germans, as __, are often thought to be well organized.
: a nation
; a country
; people"
"题目:The king had the greatest power in __ times.
: old
; past
; ancient"
"题目:The land __ sharply away from the house.
: declines
; decreases
; reduces"
"题目:They are doing some __ on AIDS.
: research
; investigation
; search"
"题目:They held a dinner  __  the important guests.
: in the honour of
; in an honour of
; in honour of"
"题目:This medicine has very bad effect __ your body.
: for
; on
; to"
"题目:This medicine will __ you a good night’s sleep.
: sure
; make sure
; ensure"
"题目:Under the tree was __ an old man.
: lain
; lay
; lying"
"题目:We were deeply __ at what he said.
: disappointed
; disheartened
; upset"
"题目:We've offered her the job, but I don't know whether she'll __ it.
: receive
; accept
; get"
"题目:What has __ to the woman?
: occurred
; taken place
; happened"
"题目:What he did __ the company’s policy.
: flied a face of
; flied in face of
; flied in the face of"
"题目:You can see __  people gathering in front of the building.
: hundreds of
; two thousands
; decade of"
"题目:You can see the ball __ when the temperature is high.
: expand
; extend
; stretch"
"题目:You can see the user ___ of our website are up this month.
: figures
; numbers
; figure"

"题目:_________ majority of people agree with him.
: The
; A
; -"
"题目:________________ every day for 20 minutes.
: Exercise
; To exercise
; Should exercise"
"题目:---Can I get you a couple of tea?

---_________________________.
: That’s very nice of you
; With pleasure
; You can, please"
"题目:--Which do you like better, real movies _______ cartoons?

--I prefer cartoons  ____ real movies.
: and , than
; or, than
; or, to"
"题目:—Have you moved into the new house?
—Not yet.The rooms______.
: are being painted
; are painted
; are being painting"
"题目:Could you please pay me ________ advance?
: -
; on
; in"
"题目:He has ___________ four successful books.
: wrote
; written
; been writing"
"题目:I have lived here _______ 1997.
: for
; since
; at"
"题目:I have spent a lot of time _________ working on this problem.
: at
; -
; on"
"题目:I think all these are main points _______ much attention.
: being worthy of
; worthy of
; which worth"
"题目:If he was fitter, he ___________ live longer.
: -
; will
; would"
"题目:If I ______ time, I ________ something better.
: had… would make
; have…will make
; had… will make"
"题目:It’s very convenient __________ here.
: living
; live
; lived"
"题目:Jenny ___________ on her homework after supper.
: did
; has been doing
; has done"
"题目:Mary forgot ______ a letter to her mother, so she wrote to her just now.
: writing
; to write
; having wrote"
"题目:My car was being __________ when it was stolen.
: repaired
; repair
; repairing"
"题目:Of all the stories here, I like this one _____. It’s not interesting at all.
: most
; best
; least"
"题目:She likes to spend time __________ with her grandchildren.
: play
; to play
; playing"
"题目:That place is _____________ the south of the city.
: at
; in
; on"
"题目:The bedroom needs ____________.
: decorating
; to decorate
; decorate"
"题目:The blue whale is _______ largest animal in the world.
: a
; the
; -"
"题目:The bridge _________ by the farmers themselves in 1982.
: built
; was build
; was built"
"题目:The policeman was attacked ________ a knife .
: on
; by
; with"
"题目:The roof needs _______.
: to repair
; repairing
; repair"
"题目:They ______ the train until it disappeared in the distance.
: saw
; watched
; observed"
"题目:Time is money! We should ______ our time.
: be fit for
; make good use of
; take the place of"
"题目:We have our office ____________ every day by a cleaner.
: clean
; to clean
; cleaned"
"题目:We must make a difference between _____ language and _____language.
: spoken, written
; speaking, written
; speak, write"
"题目:What a fool I have been! Why _____I think of that before?
: don’t
; didn’t
; not"
"题目:You must explain ______how they succeeded ________ the experiment.
: for us, to
; at us, at
; to us, in"

"题目:  A study has shown that fitness is the key (1) _____ long life, irrespective of body shape (2) _____ even smoking habits. Researchers discovered that people who exercise live longer than (3) _____, even if they are overweight and smoke.
The study found that (4) _____ fit of the 6,000 middle-aged men in the study were five times more likely to die within six years of the start of the research than the fittest. This was true (5) _____ the men had heart problems, smoked or were overweight. Scientists concluded that it was better (6) _____ and active than skinny and sedentary. Dr Ken cooper, a fitness expert, said, “ You are better off smoking a packet of cigarettes a day and exercising regularly than (7) _____ a non –smoker and sedentary.” Although he adds, “But don’t misunderstand me. I am not endorsing (8) _____, I am trying to tell you how dangerous it is to be sedentary.”
The British Government is putting pressure (9) _____ manufacturers to reduce high levels of sugar in food and to restrict the hard-sell of junk food to children in order to improve the nation’s health. But the new study suggests the Government should encourage more people (10) _____.

1.  A. for                                   B. of                                C. to

2.  A. or                                    B. and                             C. but

3.  A. those who does not        B. these who do not        C. those who do not

4.  A. the little                           B. the least                      C. least

5.  A. if or not                           B. whether or not             C. when

6.  A. being fat                         B. to be fat                       C. to do

7.  A. being                              B. be                                C. to be

8.  A. smoked                          B. to smoke                      C. smoking

9.  A. on                              B. for                                C. to

10.  A. exercise                        B. exercising                    C. to exercise"
"题目:  A survey was carried out last year (1) _____ the British Medical Association, an organisation of doctors. It showed that most people do not do enough exercise. In 1995, 60% of people walked more than one mile a day. Now, that number has fallen (2) _____ to only 20%. (3) _____ more people are going to the gym, fewer people are walking. Doctors say we need (4) _____ for 20 minutes three times a week. (5) _____ is an easy form of exercise that everyone can do. If you (6) _____ one mile each day, you will improve your health very quickly. Doctors say we need to tackle this problem head (7) _____ and try (8) _____ people fitter because not doing enough exercise is responsible (9) _____ many of the country’s health problems. Doctors suggest you go (10) _____ a walk everyday after dinner.

1) A. -                    B. with                     C. by

2) A. sharply          B. slightly                C. down

3) A. So               B. Therefore           C. Although

4) A. exercising      B. to exercise         C. exercised

5) A. Walk               B. To walk             C. Walking

6) A. walk               B. walked               C.to walk

7) A. down              B. on                      C. up

8) A. making           B. make                  C. to make

9) A. to                    B. for                      C. at

10) A. at                  B. for                      C. and"
"题目:  The ancient Olympic Games (1) _____ part of a religious festival in honour (2) _____ the Greek god Zeus, the father of all Greek gods and goddesses.
The festival and games (3) _____ in Olympia, a religious Sanctuary.
In the ancient games, athletes received prizes worth large amounts of money. In fact the word “athlete” is an ancient Greek word, (4) _____ “one who competes (5) _____ a prize”.
The marathon was not an event of the ancient Olympic Games. The marathon is a modern event that was first (6) _____ in the Olympic Games in 1896. It was (7) _____ a village called Marathon (8) _____ the Persians (9) _____ by a small Greek army. The news of the victory was brought to Athens by a soldier, who ran the 26 miles from the village of Marathon to the capital. 26 miles was (10) _____ adopted as the distance of the modern marathon race.

1. A) is                               B) were                          C) was

2. A) for                             B) of                               C) with                  D) after

3. A) hold                           B) held                           C) were held        D) are held

4. A) meaning                    B) mean                         C) meant

5. A) of                               B) for                             C) as

6. A) introduced                 B) introducing                C) introduce

7. A) name for                    B) named after              C) named for

8. A) that                            B) which                        C) where

9. A) were defeated           B) are defeated             C) defeated

10. A) because             B) furthermore               C) therefore"

"题目:  A funny thing happened on the way to the communication revolution: we stopped talking to each other.
I was walking in the park with a friend recently, and his mobile phone rang, interrupting our conversation. There we were, walking and talking on a beautiful sunny day and – poof! – I was cut off as if I had become absent from the conversation.
The park was filled with people talking on their cell phones. They were passing people without looking at them, saying hello, noticing their babies or stopping to pat their dogs. It seems that the limitless electronic voice is preferred to human contact.
The telephone used to connect you to the absent. Now it makes people feel absent. Recently I was in a car with three friends. The driver hushed the rest of us because he could not hear the person on the other end of his cell phone. There we were, four friends driving down the highway, unable to talk to each other because of the small thing designed to make communication easier.
Why is it that the more connected we get, the more disconnected I feel? Every advance in communications technology is a setback (退步) to the closeness of human interaction. With e-mail and instant message over the Internet, we can now communicate without seeing or talking to one another. With voice mail, you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone. If my mom has a question, I just leave the answer on her machine.
As almost every contact between human beings gets automatic, the emotional distance index goes up. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good-morning to the assistant when you can swipe you credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? Making a deposit at the bank? Why talk to the clerk who lives in the neighborhood when you can put your card into the ATM?
More and more, I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation or being relieved that voice mail picked up because I didn’t really have time to talk. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch is making me lonelier.
I own a mobile phone, an ATM card, a voice-mail telephone, and an e-mail account. Giving them up isn’t a choice. They are great for what they are intended to do. It’s their unintended results that make me upset. What good is all this gee-whiz technology if there is no one in the room to hear you crying out “Gee whiz”?

1.The author’s experience of walking in a park with a friend recently made him feel _____________.
A.unhappy
B.funny
C.wonderful

2.According to the author, human contact in a park means ____________.

A.looking at each other and saying hello when passing
B.noticing their babies and stopping to pat their dogs
C.both A and B

3.According to the author, the more connected we get in communications technology, the ___________ we are.
A.more automatic
B.easier
C.more disconnected

4.What are the examples the author gives to explain his idea that every advance in communications technology is a setback to the closeness of human interaction?

A.With e-mail and instant message over the Internet, we can now communicate without seeing or talking to one another.
B.With voice mail, you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone.
C.Both A and B.

5.What is the unintended result of communication technology, according to the author?

A.It makes communication easier and conversation possible everywhere.
B.It actually creates a distance between people instead of bringing them together.
C.It makes every contact between human beings automatic and makes people feel connected.

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
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"题目:  A study has shown that fitness is the key to long life, irrespective of body shape or even smoking habits. Researchers discovered that people who exercise live longer than those who do not, even if they are overweight and smoke.
The study found that the least fit of the 6,000 middle-aged men in the study were five times more likely to die within six years of the start of the research than the fittest. This was true whether or not the men had heart problems, smoked or were overweight. Scientists concluded that it was better to be fat and active than skinny and sedentary. Dr Ken Cooper, a fitness expert, said, "You are better off smoking a packet of cigarettes a day and exercising regularly than being a non-smoker and sedentary." Although he adds, " But don't misunderstand me. I am not endorsing smoking. I am trying to tell you how dangerous it is to be sedentary."
However, the study appears to fly in the face of research last year which concluded that more than 30,000 people die prematurely every year in Britain from illnesses caused by being overweight.
The British Government is putting pressure on manufacturers to reduce high levels of sugar in food and to restrict the hard-sell of junk food to children in order to improve the nation's health. But the new study suggests the Government should encourage more people to exercise.

1.In the second Para., the word “endorsing” means _________.
A.supporting
B.disapproving (不同意)
C.arguing against

2.What does the word “sedentary” mean in the second Para.?

A.fat
B.inactive
C.fit

3.It can be inferred from the fourth Para. that _________.
A.the new study contradicts the previous research
B.the new study is based on the previous research
C.the new study concludes being overweight is also the cause of death

4.What can we infer about the British Government’s attitude in the last Para.?

A.It’s indifferent to the research of last year.
B.It has approved of the previous research.
C.It is not concerned about the nation’s health.

5.What’s the author’s attitude according to the passage?

A.Indifferent.
B.Subjective.
C.Objective.

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"题目:  Although international travel is usually an exciting and pleasant experience, travellers should take steps to ensure that their health does not suffer either from their time in the air or from their time abroad.
BEFORE YOU GO
Check with your doctor or local travel clinic which injections are necessary for the areas you are travelling to. Allow sufficient time to have these injections before you leave because they may take time to become effective.
Be sure that the information on health is up-to-date. Check on the Internet if you are not sure.
Don’t go to bed late the day before you fly.
DURING THE FLIGHT
1. JET LAG
Your body has a natural daily sleep pattern. It takes time to adjust to a new time zone. There are many different effects of jet lag: you may not be able to sleep, you may not want to eat or you may feel sick and tired. You may not be able to concentrate for some days after you arrive.
There are several things you can do to lessen the effects of jet lag:
- Do your best to relax during the flight;
- Sleep as much as you can on the flight. Use a mild sleeping pill if necessary;
- Drink as much water as you can;
- Don’t drink alcohol and caffeine;
- Take mild sleeping pills for the first few days in the new time zone if you need them.
2. DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS (DVT)
If you sit still for long periods of time, you will probably get swollen ankles and muscle cramps – these are painful but not dangerous. However, the much more serious DVT may also occur occasionally after long periods of inactivity — __________(1). This is not only true for air travel — it is the same for travellers by bus or train who spend many hours sitting in cramped conditions.
To minimise the risk of DVT during the flight:
- Stretch your legs and arms often while sitting in your seat;
-_______________(2).
Most importantly, if you have any worries about your health during the flight, call a flight attendant and tell them immediately how you feel. They will be able to help you.

1.What does the word “sufficient” mean in line 2 in Para. 2?
A.enough
B.some
C.efficient

2.“Jet Lag” means __________.

A.a natural daily sleep pattern
B.the tired feeling you have when flying across the places where time is different
C.a kind of acute disease (急性病)
D.the difficulty in adjusting to a new time zone

3.Which of the following might be best filled in blank (1)?
A.especially during the travel.
B.it’s less dangerous although it can be painful.
C.it’s dangerous and it can be painful.

4.Which of the following might be the best answer to be put in blank (2)?

A.To take some sleeping pills so that you can fall asleep.
B.To get up and walk around the cabin when you can.
C.To keep your feet still for an hour.

5.What’s the purpose of this piece of writing?

A.To persuade people to take a long journey.
B.To explain what are jet lag and DVT.
C.To offer the tips about international travel.

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"题目:  We have two cats at home. One is named Milo and the other Mamma. Milo is a boy cat. Boy cats are called ‘Toms’. We think that Mamma is Milo’s mother. That is why we gave her the name Mamma. We didn’t buy Milo or Mamma. They were stray cats and didn’t have anywhere to live. They started coming into our garden. They did not look very healthy, so we started giving them milk. Then they started coming into the house, so we adopted them. Because he didn’t have a home when he was a kitten, Milo is not very fit. We have to take him to the vet once every three months for a special injection. They have lived with us now for 5 years.

1.Sarah got the cats ______________________.
A.before she moved into her house
B.after she moved into the house
C.when she moved into the house

2.Sarah thinks ______________________.

A.Milo is a boy
B.both cats are boys
C.both cats are girls

3.Mamma was named ‘Mamma’ because __________________________.
A.Sarah likes the name
B.she is a girl
C.they think she is Milo’s mother

4.Milo and Mamma were __________________________.

A.free to get
B.cheap to get
C.expensive to get

5.Milo is not very fit because _______________________________.

A.he visits the vet for an injection
B.he was a stray
C.he is old now

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"题目:BEIJING — OLYMPIC CITY 2008

WHO WILL STAGE THE GAMES?
Preparing for the Olympics Games is a huge undertaking. Just like the athletes, the host city spends years getting ready for the event. Before deciding which city will host the Olympic Games, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has to examine bids from all over the world. Bidding for the games begins about ten years in advance. Without preparing a very strong bid1, a city will not win the competition to host the games. Beijing was chosen for the 2008 games from five bidders — Osaka, Paris, Toronto and Istanbul.2
WHY DOES IT TAKE SO LONG TO PREPARE?
Building the infrastructure costs huge amounts of money. Holding the World Cup in 2002 in Japan and South Korea, for example, meant that ten new stadiums had to be built, as well as many hotels and an improved transport system. In Beijing, after winning the bid the government began major construction projects — the extension of the underground, the improvement of the airport and the building of new motorways3. Each host city must also build an Olympic village for the athletes. By planting trees and creating parks, the city becomes more attractive for tourists.
WHY DO COUNTRIES WANT TO HOST THE OLYMPIC GAMES?
Hosting the games has a major effect on the economy and brings international prestige to the country. Thousands and thousands of visitors come to the games and the host cities are permanently improved.

1.Bidding for the Olympic Games usually starts ____________ before the games are really held.
A.ten years
B.eight years
C.two years

2.Beijing was one of the _______ bidders for the 2008games.

A.four
B.five
C.three

3.The World Cup 2002 was held in _____________.
A.Japan
B.South Korea
C.A and B

4.What construction projects did Beijing start after winning the bid?

A.The extension of the underground.
B.The improvement of the airport.
C.A and B.

5.Why do countries want to host the Olympic Games?

A.Because it has a major effect on the economy.
B.Because it brings international prestige to the country.
C.A and B.

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"
"题目:PAT THE DOG

Did you know there are some very special dogs doing good work in our hospital wards? These are PAT (Pets As Therapy) dogs. Doctors and nurses are recognising the benefits of pets more and more — particularly for children, people with mental illnesses and elderly people who are separated from their own pets or have had to give up their pets.
Stroking and playing with a pet is a calming experience and something to look forward to. One hospital reported that a man with a mental illness, who hadn't spoken for years, first stroked and played with a visiting dog and then started talking to it.
Today, around 4,500 dogs and 50 cats and their volunteer owners are at work in the UK bringing comfort and pleasure to over 100,000 people in hospital.
There are many other ‘working dogs’. There are guard dogs, police dogs, hunting dogs and dogs for the blind. Disabled people benefit greatly. Take the case of Alan Smythe, who has to visit hospital every month. Some things are difficult for him because he is in a wheelchair. But his life has altered dramatically since he got a dog, Tess, from the charity 'Dogs for the Disabled'. ‘She helps me to get dressed, and she brings me my socks and shoes. She fetches the newspaper from the shop, and she passes me the phone when it rings. I feel so much better too. It's like having a really good friend. She comes with me to hospital. Once, she saved my life. I am a diabetic and one day my blood sugar level dropped, and when I was going into a coma she went next door and she alerted my neighbour. He gave me an insulin injection.

1.Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage?
A.All the dogs are allowed into the hospitals to visit the patients.
B.Only some special dogs can help the patients feel better.
C.Doctors and nurses doubt if pets can bring comfort to the patients.

2.Pets are particularly beneficial to the following EXCEPT _________.

A.children
B.people with mental illness
C.the elderly people who live alone

3.The first sentence of Para. 2 suggests _________.
A.pets can make people become quiet and attentive
B.people feel uncomfortable when they touch and play with a pet
C.people feel relaxed and hopeful when they touch and play with a pet

4.The dog helps Alan do the following EXCEPT _________.

A.She helps her get dressed
B.She picks up the phone for her
C.She gets the newspaper for her

5.The sentence “when I was going to a comma …” means that __________.

A.when I got hungry…
B.when I fell down on the floor…
C.when I became unconscious…

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"利用所给提示写一篇短文,说明你的业余爱好以及它们的益处。

提示:

benefit from (从中受益)

In my spare time

raising flowers(养花)

cycling(骑车)

maintain a mental and physical balance(保持身心健康)

作文题目:MY HOBBIES"
"利用所给提示写一篇短文,说明如何保持身体健康。

提示:

it is necessary to keep a balanced diet

had better

it is important to do regular exercises

it is essential to keep high mood

renew our spirits and release our stress.

be bound to keep healthy

作文题目:HOW TO KEEP HEALTHY"
"利用所给提示写一篇短文,说明饮食和健康的关系并提出建议如何养成健康的饮食习惯。

提示:

Eating habit is closely related to health

keep fit

first…..second…..third……

overweight

malnutrition.(营养不良)

lose appetite(失去胃口)

作文题目:HEALTH AND EATING HABIT"

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