国开电大人文英语2形考任务单元自测8答案

"题目: Juvenile delinquency ___________criminal acts committed by children or teenagers, specifically anyone below the age of eighteen. 
: equal to
; means
;  that's to say"
"题目: Relationships and friendships can ________ gangs. 
: results in
; lead to
; arrive at"
"题目:— _____________ .
— I agree with you.
: There are quite a lot of minor crimes in this city.
; I think we should bring back death penalty for serious crimes.
; The supermarket was broken into last night."
"题目:— I was robbed when I was travelling in India.
— I am sorry to hear that.________________.
: India in a nice place.
; It seems that go travelling alone in India is not that safe for a young lady like you.
; I love India."
"题目:— Our city is getting safer and safer.
— _________________.
: I don't want to discuss this with you.
; Crimes are sometimes good.
; I hope there will be no crimes any more."
"题目:— There are more and more Internet crimes.
— ___________________.
: I think we should introduce more regulations to supervise the Internet.
; It's none of your business.
;  It has nothing to do with me."
"题目:— There was a gunshot in the cinema last night.
— I heard about it, and __________________ .
:  I hope there would be no more gunshot in the future.
;  I was enjoying the fighting in the movie.
;  how many people got shot?"
"题目:He _______________ because of breaking into a store. 
: was punished
; is punishing
; punished"
"题目:He was held in the police station because he ___________ to an offence. 
: was related
; connected
;  linked "
"题目:If I ______ the mayor of the city, I would introduce severe punishment for crimes. 
: were
; was
; am"
"题目:Juvenile delinquency will be ______ by peer pressure. 
: effect
; affected
; affect"
"题目:Several factors are ________ in the process of development.
: at play
;  at once
; at home"
"题目:The global network _______ by a single leak. 
: can be destroyed
; destroy
; can destroy"
"题目:The world has difficulty _______ web security. 
: to keep
; in keeping
;  keep"
"题目:There are more and more crimes ______ a lack of rules and regulations. 
: since
; because of
; because"

"二、英译汉:为句子选择正确的翻译。(共50分)

操作提示:通过题目后的下拉选项框选择正确答案。
1. 15%-20% of juveniles convicted of crimes have serious mental illnesses.{A; B; C}
  A. 百分之十五至二十的少年犯由于存在精神疾病而被判有罪。
  B. 百分之十五至二十的少年犯被判有罪,而且存在精神疾病。
  C. 百分之十五至二十的被判有罪的少年犯存在严重的精神疾病。

2. A police report is needed for the insurance company to determine who is responsible for paying the damages.{A; B; C}
  A. 警察需要一份保险公司评定谁负责损失赔偿的报告。
  B. 警察要出一份报告,由保险公司来决定谁对事故作出赔偿。
  C. 保险公司需要警察有关事故责任认定的报告来决定由谁来赔偿损失。

3. There are more and more crimes because of a lack of rules and regulations.{A; B; C}
  A. 不断增加的犯罪是由于缺乏监管条例。
  B. 由于缺乏法律法规,出现了越来越多的犯罪行为。
  C. 有越来越多的犯罪行为,是因为缺失了制度管理。

4. Stay right where your daughter went away in case she comes back looking for you.{A; B; C}
  A. 你女儿离开的地方是对的,她会回来找你的。
  B. 就呆在你女儿走丢的地方,以防她回来找你。
  C. 呆在你女儿离开的地方的右边,这样,她会回来找你的。

5. Report the accident to your insurance company just in case you may need to file a claim.{A; B; C}
  A. 把事故报告给保险公司以便你需要索赔。
  B. 因为你需要索赔,所以你要将事故报告给保险公司。
  C. 那份交给保险公司的报告只是你可能需要索赔的案件。"
"二、阅读理解:根据文章内容,判断正误。(共50分)

CAUSES FOR JUVENILE DELINQUENCY

  Juvenile Delinquency refers to criminal acts committed by children or teenagers, specifically anyone below the age of eighteen. These crimes hurt society and the children themselves.
  There are many factors that cause juvenile delinquency.
  Some children want to test their parents' or society's limits. Sometimes juvenile crimes happen because of a lack of rules and supervision. For example, many times children commit crimes after school and while their parents are at work.
  Additionally, mental illness and substance abuse are main factors. 15-20% of juveniles convicted of crimes have serious mental illnesses, when the range of mental illnesses widens,the percentages increase to 30-90%.
  Also, many people believe, a child's environment and family are greatly related to their juvenile delinquency record. For example, the dynamics of a family can affect a child's delinquency rate.
  Poverty level is another factor.
  Finally, another cause could be the relationships a child grows in school or outside of school. A positive or negative friendship can influence the chances of children becoming delinquents. Peer pressure is also at play. Relationships and friendships can lead to gangs, these are major factors in violent crimes among teens.
  These are just some of the causes of juvenile delinquency.

 

操作提示:正确选T,错误选F。

1. Juvenile Delinquency hurts the children themselves only. {T; F}

2. There are five reasons for juvenile delinquency according to the text.{T; F}

3. Parents should take some responsibility for juvenile delinquency.{T; F}

4. Poverty has something to do with juvenile delinquency.{T; F}

5. Peer pressure has no connection with juvenile delinquency.{T; F}"
"二、阅读理解:根据文章内容,完成选择题。(共50分)

CHINA CALLS FOR UNIFIED INTERNATIONAL RULES AGAINST INTERNET CRIME

  Cyber security has always been a serious issue as the internet industry is ever growing. Nowadays, people can easily connect to the Internet with a simple click of a mouse. But the global network can be easily destroyed by a single leak. The world is facing a difficult situation in keeping web security.
  Currently, there are no unified international rules for maintaining internet security. China has called for unified international rules against internet crime. Last year China (and some other countries) handed in a draft Code of Conduct on Information Security to the UN.
  World leaders and experts discussed the possible internet threats facing the world. They agreed that the only way to deal with internet security threats was to trust each other and strengthen cooperation. The threats cannot be solved by any one country alone. And for these reasons, countries would have a greater chance of trusting each other in dealing with such threats.
  Though great efforts were made to issue common regulations for the internet, few results have been achieved yet. There's still a long way to go for unified global internet security rules and regulations.

 

操作提示:通过题目后的下拉选项框选择正确答案。

1. Maintaining web security is _______ for China.{A; B; C}
A. easy
B. a piece of cake
C. difficult

2. There are _______ to maintain cyberspace security.{A; B; C}
A. no unified international regulations
B. unified international regulations
C. worldwide unified international regulations

3. The only way to deal with cyber security threats was to _______.{A; B; C}
A. depend on China
B. strengthen international cooperation and trust each other
C. depend on the UN.

4. _______ results have been achieved.{A; B; C}
A. A lot of
B. Few
C. Good

5._______ summited a draft '_Code of Conduct on Information Security_'.{A; B; C}
A. China only
B. The United States
C. China (and some other countries)"
"二、阅读理解:结合上下文内容补全填空。(共50分)

操作提示:通过下拉选项框选择正确的词汇。

  Mary, the 17-year-old daughter of a rich textile(纺织品) owner was freed(释放) by her kidnappers(绑匪) after 118 days. She said she spent most of the time in a tent in the woods{with; and; although}one foot tied to a tree. She was freed late on Friday{so; after; unless}her family paid a total of $1.8 million, the largest ransom (赎金) ever paid in Italy.
  “I was treated{good; bad; well},” the girl told the reporter during the interview, “Biscuits, cakes, often hot food and at times beef.” She said her nearly four months in trouble was spent in a tent set up in a wooded area.
  “I never saw their faces and{when; that; which}they spoke, they changed their voices in nasal tones (speaking through nose passage) on purpose ,” she said. “They kept repeating that the only thing they wanted was the money and that they didn't want to have{nothing; something; anything}to do with me or my family.”
  The high school student, who was seized by three face-covered and armed men on July 2, 1983 from her family's country villa in Tuscany, said she still had no idea where exactly she had been held.

 "

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