国开电大商务英语4单元自测8答案

"题目: Well,the day we offer stock for sale is the day we will see how much______there is in our company. 
: fact
; fate
; faith "
"题目:But Jerry, have you really thought this ______? You would essentially be giving up the company that your great-grandfather built.
: through
;  of
; about"
"题目:—But then we'll have to accept a Board of Directors chosen by our stockholders. Wouldn't that limit us in many ways?
—Certainly. But if you consider the massive capital investment that we'll receive, you'll understand that this could take our company —————— .
: from being a big firm to being one of the medium-tier players
; from being a medium-tier firm to being one of the big players
; from being a medium-tier firm to being one of the small players"
"题目:Can you tell us why you think this makes good business ______to you?
: deal  
; sense
; program"
"题目:—Can you tell us why you think this makes good business sense to you?
—We've been doing quite well on our own and we could probably survive like this for quite a few more years to come, but if we really want to take it to the next level, ____________.
: the board of directors needn't take the present economic situation into consideration
; it's not necessary for us to develop the company any more
; we are going to have to consider finding more investors"
"题目:His ideas are linked to the theory________markets are efficient, which means market actors taking all available information to create the correct price for things at any given time. 
:  which
; who
; that "
"题目:His method supports Mr Shiller's findings and has ________efforts to predict prices in the financial industry.
: influenced
;  influentially
; influence"
"题目:If people ________we're very valuable they won't buy our stock.
: do think
; think
; don't think"
"题目:Okay, let's say we make a decision _____; what kind of price are we thinking about charging for our stock? 
: to go public
; going public 
; go public"
"题目:—Okay, what is the decision?
—As you know, we have been a privately held, family-owned company for over 120 years,_____________.
: and I think it definitely has a bright future
; but it may be time to consider some major changes
; but the company faces tough competition "
"题目:One kind of partnership is called a limited ________partnership.
: obligation
;  responsibility
; liability "
"题目:The proprietor owns all of the property of the business and is responsible  ________ everything. 
: to 
; for
; at"
"题目:The same is true ______individual proprietorships.
: of
; to
; at"
"题目:—We've done very well so far but if we want to see serious growth ______________.
—Yeah...maybe. But I have my doubts.
: it might be time to stick to original business model
;  it might be time not to change company model
;  it might be time to ditch our old business model and go public"
"题目:—You mean... like becoming a publicly-traded company?
—That's right. ______________ .
: It's something we should give serious consideration to
; It will still be a privately held company
; It will become a privately held company "

"翻译:为句子选择正确的翻译(每题10分)。

1. Not all corporations are traditional businesses that sell stock. {A; B; C}
A. 所有的公司都不是出售股票的传统企业。
B. 并非所有的公司都是出售股票的传统企业。
C. 并非所有的公司都是非出售股票的传统企业。

2. But don't forget, some of those companies made a killing. {A; B; C}
A. 但是不要忘记,一些公司垮掉了。
B. 但是不要忘记,一些公司进行了谋杀。
C. 但是不要忘记,一些公司赚了大钱。

3. I don't think there's a lot of appetite for adventure in the market right now.{A; B; C}
A. 我不认为如今在市场中有很多冒险的欲望。
B. 我认为如今在市场中没有很多冒险的欲望。
C. 我认为如今在市场中有很多冒险的好奇心。

4. I see our company as entering a transitory period. {A; B; C}
A. 我认为我们公司正进入一个过渡期。
B. 我明白我们公司正进入一个过渡期。
C. 我看着我们公司正进入一个过渡期。

5. We simply don't have the funds to make any serious investments towards obtaining a bigger market share. {A; B; C}
A. 我们根本没有资金进行严肃的投资买到更大的市场股份。
B. 我们根本没有资金进行严重的投资达到更大的市场分享。
C. 我们根本没有资金进行大量的投资获取更大的市场份额。"
"完形填空:选择正确答案,补全文章(每题10分)。

ALIBABA SEEKS TO RAISE BILLIONS IN IPO

  Investors in the United States are preparing for the first public sale of stock in the Chinese company Alibaba. The company sells goods {A. in; B. with; C. by} linking buyers and sellers in the huge Chinese online market. Alibaba is expected to {A. sell; B. make; C. go on} its initial public offering, called an IPO, in September on the New York Stock Exchange.
  The total value of the company, based in Hangzhou, has been estimated at about $200 billion. Reports from Bloomberg News say Alibaba is offering investors a 12 percent {A. share; B. capital; C. profit} of the company. That would mean the company could raise {A. as more as; B. as much as; C. as many as} $20 billion dollars in the public stock sale.
After the IPO, Alibaba could become one of the most {A. value with; B. valuate; C. valuable} technology companies in the world. Apple, for example, has a market value of about $600 billion. Google is valued at about $390 billion and Microsoft is worth about $370 billion."
"阅读理解:根据文章内容,判断正误(每题10分)。

THREE AMERICANS WIN NOBEL ECONOMICS PRIZE

  The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in economics to three Americans, Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller on Oct. 14, 2013. Eugene Fama and Lars Peter Hansen are both professors at the University of Chicago. Robert Shiller is a professor at Yale University. They will share the prize worth about 1.2 million dollars.
  “This year's prize in economic sciences is about predictions.” All three of this year's prize winners are mainly known for their research and explanations of pricing forces in financial markets. They have had a big influence on the way people look at and talk about financial markets.
Eugene Fama's research on financial markets in the 1960s led market watchers to change their ideas about investing. His ideas are linked to the theory that markets are efficient, which means market actors taking all available information to create the correct price for things at any given time. This also means that over short periods of time, it is not possible to predict prices.
  Robert Shiller found, however, that over long periods, the opposite is true. It is possible to predict the movement of prices and that price changes are linked to human behavior.
  The findings of both economists have led to the growth of index funds, investing many different securities as a way to reduce risk. Mr Shiller also helped to create the Standard & Poor's Case-Shiller home prices index. That index follows home prices across the United States.
Lars Peter Hansen developed a method for studying historical pricing information. His method supports Mr Shiller's findings and has influenced efforts to predict prices in the financial industry.
  The Nobel Prize in economics was not created by Alfred Nobel, but was established in his memory by Sweden's central bank in 1968.

 

1. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in electronics to three Americans on Oct. 14, 2013.{T; F}

2. Eugene Fama, Lars Peter Hansen and Robert Shiller won the prize for their research and explanations of pricing forces in financial markets.{T; F}

3. Eugene Fama's research on financial markets in the 1960s resulted in some change in how market watchers look at investing.{T; F}

4. The findings of both economists have led to the growth of price prediction, investing many different securities as a way to reduce risk.{T; F}

5. The Nobel Prize in economics was established in memory of Alfred Nobel by Sweden's central bank in 1968.{T; F}

 "
"阅读理解:根据文章内容,选择正确答案(每题10分)。

ORGANIZING A BUSINESS IN DIFFERENT WAYS

  Businesses are structured in different ways to meet different needs. The simplest form of business is called an individual or sole proprietorship. The proprietor owns all of the property of the business and is responsible for everything.
  Another kind of business is a partnership. Two or more people go into business together. An agreement is usually needed to decide how much of the partnership each person controls. One kind of partnership is called a limited liability partnership. These have full partners and limited partners. Limited partners may not share as much in the profits, but they also have less responsibility for the business. Doctors, lawyers and accountants often form partnerships to share their risks and profits. A husband and wife can form a business partnership together. Partnerships exist only for as long as the owners remain alive. The same is true of individual proprietorships.
  But corporations are designed to have an unlimited lifetime. A corporation is the most complex kind of business organization. Corporations can sell stock as a way to raise money. Stocks represent shares of ownership in a company. Investors who buy stock can trade their shares or keep them as long as the company is in business.
  A corporation is recognized as an entity—its own legal being, separate from its owners. A board of directors controls corporate policies. The directors appoint top company officers. The directors might or might not hold shares in the corporation. Corporations can have a few major shareholders, or ownership can be spread among the general public. But not all corporations are traditional businesses that sell stock. Some non-profit groups are also organized as corporations.

 

1. This passage is mainly about {A; B; C}.
A. why different forms of business run
B. when different forms of business raise money
C. how different forms of business are organized

2. What is usually needed to decide the portion of the partnership each person controls?{A; B; C}
A. A rule.
B. An agreement.
C. A regulation.

3. Who are not included in limited liability partnerships?{A; B; C}
A. Full partners.
B. Limited partners.
C. Unlimited partners.

4. How can corporations raise money?{A; B; C}
A. By selling stock.
B. By buying stock.
C. By holding corporation shares.

5. Who controls corporate policies in a corporation?{A; B; C}
A. Chairman of the board.
B. A board of directors.
C. The owner of the corporation.

 "

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