2015年12月大学英语b统考题库 阅读理解

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考试时间: 2015年12月19-22日,每门课程考试时间90分钟。

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阅读理解
1、How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.
The power of words, then, lies in their associations - the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases.
Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.
1)、The origin of language is _________.
A.a legend handed down from the past
B.a matter that is hidden or secret
C.a question difficult to answer
D.a problem not yet solved

2)、What is true about words?
A.They are used to express feelings only.
B.They can not be written down.
C.They are simply sounds.
D.They are mysterious.

3)、The real power of words consists in their ______.
A.properties
B.characteristics
C.peculiarity
D.representative function

4)、By “association” in the last paragraph, the author means ______.
A.a special quality
B.a joining of ideas in the mind
C.an appearance which is puzzling
D.a strange feature

5)、Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true?
A.He is no more than a master of words.
B.He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.
C.He can move men to tears.
D.His style is always charming.

2、There are three kinds of goals: short-term, medium-range and long-term goals.
Short-term goals are those that usually deal with current activities, which we can apply on a daily basis. Such goals can be achieved in a week or less, or two weeks, or possibly, months. It should be remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundation, long-term goals cannot amount to very munch without the achievement of solid short-term goals. Upon completing our short-term goals, we should date the occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have been completed.
The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals. They might deal with just one term of school or the entire school year, or they could even extend for several years. Any time you move a step at a time, you should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmed. As you complete each step, you will enforce the belief in your ability to grow and succeed. And as your list of completion dates grow, your motivation and desire will increase.
Long-term goals may be related to our dreams of the future. They might cover five years or more. Life is not a static thing. We should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action.
1)、Our long-term goals mean a lot _______.
A.if we cannot reach solid short-term goals
B.if we complete the short-term goals
C.if we have dreams of the future
D.if we put forward some plans

2)、New short-term goals are built upon______.
A.a daily basis
B.your achievement in a week
C.current activities
D.the goals that have been completed

3)、When we complete each step of our goals, ________.
A.we will win final success
B.we are overwhelmed
C.we will build up our confidence to achieve success
D.we should have strong desire for setting new goals

4)、What is the main idea of this passage? _______
A.Life is a dynamic thing.
B.We should set up long-term goals.
C.Different kinds of goals in life.
D.The limitation of long-term goals.

5)、Which of the following statements is wrong according to the passage? _______
A.The long-term goals cannot amount to very much without achieving short-term goals.
B.The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals.
C.Life is a static thing, thus never allowing a long-term goal to limit us.
D.We should often add new short-term goals to what have been completed.

3、What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is “no”. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.
The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the Theory of Relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, and Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations.
1)、What makes a scientist according to the passage? ________
A.The tools he uses.
B.The way he uses his tools.
C.His ways of learning.
D.The various tools he uses.

2)、The underlined part in the passage shows_______.
A.the importance of information
B.the importance of thinking
C.the difference between scientists and ordinary people
D.the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs

3)、A sound scientific theory should be one that _________.
A.works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times
B.does not allow any changes even under different conditions
C.can be used for many purposes
D.leaves no room for improvement

4)、The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate __________.
A.that measurements are keys to success in science
B.that accuracy of mathematics
C.that investigations are important in science
D.that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations

5)、What is the main idea of the passage? ________
A.The theory of relativity.
B.Exactness is the core of science.
C.Scientists are different from ordinary people.
D.Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist.

4、Morgan Rees has always been a good businessman. He used to own three petrol stations and was busy most of the time. When he was 65, the normal retirement age, he decided that he didn't want to stop, so he carried on working for another two years. Eventually, when he was nearly 68, his wife, Dolly, asked him to retire because she wanted to enjoy their old age together. Reluctantly, he handed over the business to his son.
But he was unhappy. He didn't know what to do with himself. Although he read a lot of books and he went on holiday to interesting places with his wife, he was bored and began to get depressed because he hated being retired.
Then one day he saw an advertisement in the newspaper and, without telling his wife, he bought a small crockery (陶器) factory. The next week he told his family. They were horrified and worried. They thought he was too old at 71 to start work again.
He is now 76 and he has expanded the company considerably. He has increased the number of staff from 6 to 24 and he has found many new customers for the products. He has developed the export market and has improved profits by 200%. He has opened a new design office and employed three young designers. They have been all over the world to get new ideas, and one of them has gone to France this week to a major trade fair. Most importantly, he hasn't been bored since he bought the factory.
1)、The topic sentence of Para. 1 is ______.
A.Morgan Rees has always been a good businessman
B.he used to own three petrol stations and was busy most of the time
C.when Morgan Rees was 65, he got retired
D.reluctantly, he handed over the business to his son

2)、The topic sentence of Para. 2 is ______.
A.he didn't know what to do with himself
B.he went on holiday to interesting places with his wife
C.he was unhappy after he got retired
D.none of them

3)、Which of the following statements can best express the main idea of Para. 3?
A.One day he saw an advertisement in the newspaper.
B.He bought a small crockery factory in secret and started work again.
C.He told his family he bought a small crockery factory.
D.His family was horrified and worried when they learned he bought the small factory.

4)、What is the central idea of the last paragraph?
A.Morgan Rees has worked until he is 76.
B.Morgan Rees has developed the export market and improved the profits by 200%.
C.Morgan Rees hasn't been bored since he bought the factory.
D.Since he started working again, Morgan Rees has expanded the company considerably, which has enriched his retired life.

5)、The passage mainly deals with ______.
A.why Morgan Rees bought a small crockery factory
B.how Morgan Rees lived his retired life more happily by turning to work again
C.how Moran Rees became a good businessman
D.how Moran Rees expanded the company considerably

5、 As price and building costs keep rising, the "do-it-yourself" (DIY) trend in the U.S. continue to grow.
"We needed furniture for our living room," says John Ross, "and we just didn't have enough money to buy it. So we decided to try making a few tables and chairs." John got married six months ago, and like many young people these days, they are struggling to make a home at a time when the cost of living is very high.
The Rosses took a 2-week course for $ 280 at a night school. Now they build all their furniture and make repairs around the house.
Jim Hatfield has three boys and his wife died. He has a full-time job at home as well as in a shoe-making factory. Last month, he received a car repair bill for $ 420. "I was deeply upset about it. Now I've finished a car repair course, I should be able to fix the car by myself."
John and Jim are not unusual people. Most families in the country are doing everything they can to save money so they can fight the high cost of living. If you want to become a "do-it-yourselfer", you can go to DIY classes. And for those who don't have time to take a course, there are books that tell you how you can do things yourself.
1)、We can learn from the passage that many newly married couple find it hard to pay for what they need.
A.T
B.F

2)、John and his wife went to evening classes to learn how to run a DIY shop.
A.T
B.F

3)、When the writer says that Jim has a full-time job at home, he means Jim makes shoes in his home.
A.T
B.F

4)、Jim Hatfield decided to become a "do-it-yourselfer" when his car repairs cost too much.
A.T
B.F

5)、The possible title for the passage is "You Can Do It Too".
A.T
B.F

6、 Why is it that the more connected we get, the more disconnected I feel? Every advance in communication technology is a step back from the closeness of human interaction. With e-mail and instant messaging over the Internet, we can now communicate without seeing or talking to one another. With voice mail, you can conduct entire conversations without ever reaching anyone. If my mom has a question, I just leave the answer on her machine.
As almost every imaginable contact between human beings becomes automatic by machine, the alienation quotient goes up. You can't even call a person to get the phone number of another person anywhere. Directory assistance is almost always fully automatic by machine. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good-morning to the worker when you can swipe (刷卡) your credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? Placing money at the bank? Why talk to a clerk who might live in the neighborhood when you can just put your credit card into the ATM?
Pretty soon you won't have the hard task of making eye contact at the grocery store. Some grocery chains are using a self-scanner so you can check yourself out, avoiding those annoying clerks who look at you and ask how you are doing.
1)、The writer's attitude towards advances in communication technology may be described as critical.
A.T
B.F

2)、If his mom has a question, he will leave her the answer through voice mail.
A.T
B.F

3)、Judging from the context, the word "alienation" in paragraph 2 means strangeness.
A.T
B.F

4)、With the rapid development of high technology, people may not need to make eye contact with clerks.
A.T
B.F

5)、It can be inferred that the writer is pleased with the modern pace of life.
A.T
B.F

7、 Babies love chocolate and sometimes they also eat the paper around it. My cat enjoys a meal of good,thick paper,old letters, for example. She doesn't like newspapers very much.
Of course,the best paper comes from wood. Wood comes from trees,and trees are plants. Vegetables and fruit and plants too,and we eat a lot of them. So can we also eat wood and paper?
Scientists say,"All food comes in some way from plants." Well,is that true? Animals eat grass and grow fat. Then we eat their meat. Little fish eat little sea-plants; then bigger fish swim along and eat the... Chickens eat bits of grass and give us... Think for a minute. What food does not come from plants in some way?
Scientists can do wonderful things with plants. They can make food just like meat and cheese. And they can make it without the help of animals. It is very good food too. Now they have begun to say,"We make our paper from wood. We can also make food from wood. The next thing is not very difficult." What is the next thing? Perhaps it is-food from paper. Scientists say,"We can turn paper into food. It will be good,cheap food too; cheaper than meat or fish or eggs."
So please keep your old books and letters. (Don't feed them to your cat.) One day,soon,they will be on your plate. There is nothing like a good story for breakfast.
1)、The best paper come from Wood.
A.T
B.F

2)、From the passage,we can infer (推断) that few kinds of food do not come from plants in some way.
A.T
B.F

3)、The main idea of the passage is all food comes from plants in some way.
A.T
B.F

4)、The writer asks us to keep our old books and letters because we can make food from them soon.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the passage is " Food from Plants ".
A.T
B.F

8、 Tom is a little boy, and he is only seven years old. One day he went to the cinema. It is the first time for him to do that. He bought a ticket and then went in. But after two or three minutes he came out, bought a second ticket and went in again. After a few minutes he came out again and bought a third ticket. Two or three minutes later he came out and asked for another ticket. Then the girl in the ticket office asked him, "Why do you buy so many tickets? How many friends do you meet?" Tom answered," No, I have no friend here. But a big boy always stops me at the door and tears(撕)my ticket to pieces."
1)、Tom wanted to buy the fourth ticket when the girl asked him.
A.T
B.F

2)、The big boy stopped Tom at the door because the big boy didn't like Tom.
A.T
B.F

3)、The big boy was a worker at the cinema.
A.T
B.F

4)、From the story we know the little boy had a lot of money.
A.T
B.F

5)、Tom was too young to make friends.
A.T
B.F

9、 Have you ever felt your mind getting confused after a sleepless night? You couldn't come up with an original thought no matter how hard you tried.
You were probably right if you thought that was caused by a lack of sleep. Dr. Home, a sleep researcher in England, studied 24 college students. One group got their normal eight hours of sleep. The other group didn't get the smallest amount of sleep-they stayed awake all night. The next day, Dr. Home tested the students. He asked them questions that required creative and original thinking. One of the questions was "How many uses can a cardboard box be put to?"
The results? The wide-awake students did well on the tests. The tired students did poorly. Research has already shown that tired people can do okay on tests of routine thinking, like simple addition. But Dr. Home tested creative thinking only.
As part of his study, he offered an amount of money as a reward to the sleepy students if they did well. But even this encouragement wasn't enough to help the students overcome their tiredness. They still did poorly. Dr. Home believes that the cerebral cortex-the part of the brain where thinking takes place-may get worn out during waking hours. Sleep may help to repair the brain overnight. Without any sleep, he emphasizes, "even if you concentrate harder, you cannot do better."
This study gives people something to think about, especially people like hospital workers and airline pilots, who must stay awake all night and then make emergency decisions.
1)、According to the passage, the confusion of your mind is possibly due to the lack of sleep.
A.T
B.F

2)、Tired people can do everything EXCEPT telling other people their names.
A.T
B.F

3)、The purpose for Dr. Home to offer a lot of money to the sleepy students is to encourage them to do better.
A.T
B.F

4)、Students might be better instructed in their work after reading this passage.
A.T
B.F

5)、A foolish man with good sleep may answer creative question well.
A.T
B.F

10、 If you ask most Americans, they would say their favorite season of the year is summer. The weather is warm. They do not have to wear heavy clothes to keep warm. Young people do not have to go to school. They can do many activities outside, like playing sports and swimming at the beach or the pool. They like the sunshine during the day and the warm summer nights. People have written and recorded hundreds of songs about summer. These are some of our favorites.
One of the most famous songs about summer is from George Gershwin's opera “Porgy and Bess.” He wrote the music in nineteen thirty-five. The opera takes place in the southern United States. It opens with these words: “Summertime and the livin' is easy. Fish are jumpin' and the cotton is high.” Leontyne Price sings the song.
The nineteen fifties and sixties produced many songs about teenagers enjoying their summer vacation from school. The songs are about having fun, swimming in the ocean, driving in cars. However, for some teenagers, summer vacation was not all fun and games. Some of them had to work to earn money.
1)、Americans like summer because the weather is warm.
A.T
B.F

2)、People wrote and recorded so many songs about summer.
A.T
B.F

3)、"Porgy and Bess" was written by Leontyne Price.
A.T
B.F

4)、There are 1950 or 1960 songs about teenagers enjoying their summer vacation from school.
A.T
B.F

5)、An appropriate title for the passage is "Songs about Summer".
A.T
B.F

11、 Calvin Coolidge, the thirtieth president of the United States of America, was a person who hated talking nonsense(谬论); he had no time for small talk. The following two stories clearly show how Coolidge enjoyed talking little.
When he was vice-president, Coolidge had plenty of chances to take part in Washington's social life, especially many dinner parties.
Because of his knowing nothing about the art of conversation, he was not in any way popular among the ladies at the parties. One lady felt she could help with the problem. She placed him next to Alice Roosevelt Longworth, daughter of former president, Theodore Roosevelt. Miss Longworth, who was very good at making conversations, began to chat in her usual attractive manner, but her efforts were far from being able to make the vice-president become interested. In the end, she said, "I'm sure that going to as many dinners as you do, you must feel terrible not being talked to."
Without lifting his eyes from his plate, Coolidge answered in a low voice, "Well, a man has to eat somewhere."
Later, when he was president and again at the dinner party, Coolidge was seated next to a most clever society woman, who seemed to take delight in trying to change the life of every one she met. "Oh, Mr. President," she said, "You are always so quiet. I made a bet today that I could get more than two words out of you."
The president became angry and then said, "You lose."

1)、Calvin Coolidge was a man of few words.
A.T
B.F

2)、The ladies did not like Calvin.
A.T
B.F

3)、Miss Longworth was interested in Calvin.
A.T
B.F

4)、From the text, we can see that Coolidge had a sense of humor.
A.T
B.F

5)、Coolidge said that the woman lost her bet because she was not clever enough.
A.T
B.F

12、 Many teenagers feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members, especially their parents, don't know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is quite often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for advice.
Of course, it is important for teenagers to have a nice and warm family. It is also very necessary for them to have one or several good friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the telephone. This communication is very important in children's growing up, because friends can discuss something difficult to say to their family members.
However, parents often try to choose their children's friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends. The question of "which friends to choose" is an interesting one. Have you ever thought of the following questions?
-- Who chooses your friends?
-- Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you?
-- Have you got a good friend your parents don't like?
-- Why do parents want to choose friends for you? …
You can always discuss these questions with your friends.
1)、Many teenagers think their family members know them better than their parents do.
A.T
B.F

2)、When brothers and sisters fight with each other, their friends are able to help them.
A.T
B.F

3)、When teenagers stay alone, the usual way of talking together is to discuss something with their family members.
A.T
B.F

4)、To the teenagers, friends are different from their parents in that they can talk to their friends about something that they won't tell their parents.
A.T
B.F

5)、The writer himself is not very sure how teenagers should choose friends.
A.T
B.F

13、When the weather is hot, you go to a lake or an ocean and may feel cool. Why? The sun makes the earth hot, but it cannot make the water very hot. Although the air over the earth becomes hot, the air over the water stays cool. The hot air over the earth rises. Then the cool air over the water moves in and takes the place of the hot air. When you are near a lake or an ocean, you feel the cool air when it moves in. You feel the wind, which makes you cool.
Of course, scientists cannot answer all of our questions. If we ask, "Why is the ocean full of salt?" scientists will say that the salt comes from rocks. When a rock gets very hot or very cold, it cracks. Rain falls into the cracks. The rain then carries the salt into the earth and into the rivers. The rivers carry the salt into the ocean. But then we ask, "What happens to the salt in the ocean? The ocean does not get more salty every year." Scientists are not sure about the answer to this question. We know a lot about our world. But there are still many answers that we do not have.

1)、You feel cool when you are near a lake or an ocean because cool air from the water moves in.
A.T
B.F

2)、Now scientists know what happens to the salt in the ocean.
A.T
B.F

3)、A rock cracks when rain falls.
A.T
B.F

4)、The rain carries the salt into the earth and into the rivers.
A.T
B.F

5)、We do not understand why the ocean is salty.
A.T
B.F

14、 Pubs are supposed to be the Englishman's favorite meeting place, where he can get together with a few friends over a pint of beer and talk about football, or horse racing, or business.
You may notice that the pub is the place for men, but not for women. Even now it is still not quite respectable for a woman to go into a pub alone; she must have a man to escort(护卫) and protect her. Perhaps that is partly why pubs depress me - they are intended mainly to provide for male interests, which are often pretty narrow. I think this male-dominated atmosphere also reminds me of my life back at school, or in the army, neither of which is an experience I much want to relive.
However, I'm obviously in the minority. Most Englishmen have their local pubs, where they can escape from the pressures of family life or work, and if they are lucky, tell their troubles to a pretty barmaid. Indeed, many men dream of retiring from their 9 - 5 jobs and buying a little country pub, where they imagine they'll be the host of a seven-night-a-week party. This dream usually dies when cleaning up spilled beer at one o'clock in the morning.
Still, there's pub for every type of man, from the city sophisticate to the rural primitive, and a man for every type of pub. And I must admit that, for someone who doesn't like them, I spent a lot of time in pubs of various kinds.
1)、Englishmen go to the pubs because they go to meet and talk with their friends over some beer.
A.T
B.F

2)、The speaker doesn't like the male-dominated atmosphere about the pubs.
A.T
B.F

3)、Many men are dreaming of retiring from their present jobs and get a little pub.
A.T
B.F

4)、The speaker never goes to pubs with his female friends.
A.T
B.F

5)、Pubs are the only places where Englishmen can complain about their pressures of life and work.
A.T
B.F

15、In the world, soccer or football is the most popular sport. This is because many countries have wonderful teams for the World Cup. The World Cup is held every four years.
To remember 2002 FIFA World Cup, children from different countries and more than 60 children from Japanese schools came together and spent three weekends drawing a big picture called "Dream World Cups "in Japan. The children drew animals, flowers and people playing soccer under a blue bright sky. They wished each football team good luck by drawing the flags of all the countries that will take part in the World Cup in Japan and South Korea. The picture was put up in a park near a playground in Yokohama. Some football teams will have games there.
Are you a football fan?The World Cup makes more and more people interested in football. Teenagers like playing and watching football. Many of them love some football stars so much that they get the pictures of their favorite players on the walls of their rooms. That is the way to show their love for the World Cup as children in Japan.
1)、The World Cup is held every four years.
A.T
B.F

2)、From the passage, children drew flags of all countries in the picture .
A.T
B.F

3)、In “Dream World Cup”, the purpose of the children's drawing the flags is to show their good wishes for the football teams.
A.T
B.F

4)、Many teenagers own the pictures of some football stars, because they are football fans.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the passage is 'FIFA World Cup is more and more popular among teenagers'.
A.T
B.F

16、 The Great Wall of China winds across the country like a giant stone snake. It is 1,500 miles long.
The wall crosses mountains and rivers. It reaches from the ocean on the east to the desert on the west.
The Chinese began their wall more than 2,000 years ago. They worked on it for a hundred year. The Chinese wanted to keep out their enemies.
At the bottom,the wall is 25 feet wide. At the top,it is about 15 feet wide. The sides of the wall are made of stones and bricks (砖),while the inside is filled with earth.
Parts of the wall rise as high as a three-story building. Placed 100 yards apart are tall towers. Lookouts (看守员) could stand in the towers to watch for enemies approaching (接近) . The road on top of the wall is wide enough for two wagons (四轮马车) to pass. If we were to build such a wall now,we could use modern machines. But the Chinese had to build the wall by hand. If the wall were in the USA,it would reach from the state of New York to Nebraska. The Great Wall of China is the longest wall ever built.

1)、The Great Wall of China is 1,500 miles long .

A.T
B.F

2)、The story does not say so, but it makes you think that the Great Wall has a gate every 100 yards.
A.T
B.F

3)、The inside of The Great Wall is filled with brick.
A.T
B.F

4)、The Great Wall of China was built by hand.
A.T
B.F

5)、On the whole,this story is about The Great Wall of China.
A.T
B.F

17、 Once an old man was walking in a street with his horse. It was raining hard. The old man was cold because he was walking in the rain. He wanted to stay in a restaurant. It was a quarter past three in the afternoon. The old man got to a small restaurant. There were a lot of people in it. The old man couldn't come near the fire. He thought and thought. At last he said to the waiters, "Take some fish to my horse." The waiter and the people were very surprised.
The waiter said, "A horse doesn't eat fish." The old man told the waiter, "This horse is very interesting. It can sing, dance and does all kinds of things. It can eat fish, too," So the waiter brought the horse some fish. All the people in the restaurant ran out to see the horse eat fish except the old man. Now the old man sat beside the fire. After a while the waiter came back and said. "Your horse didn't eat any fish." The old man said, "All right, take the fish back and put it on the table. I'll eat it."
1)、The old man felt very cold because he had travelled in the heavy rain.
A.T
B.F

2)、The people in the restaurant all ran out because they wanted to see the horse eating fish.
A.T
B.F

3)、Indeed, the horse can neither speak nor walk nor sit.
A.T
B.F

4)、All the people in the restaurant rushed out to look for the horse but the old man.
A.T
B.F

5)、The old man lied to other people in order to get a place to sit by the fire.
A.T
B.F

18、 Sixty-year-old grandmother, Fiona McFee, is going to stop working next year and she decided to realize a childhood dream and sail around the coast of Scotland in a small boat. Although the inside of the boat is very cosy it has no running water or electricity. Fiona says she can live without these things but she plans to take her small CD player, her hot water bottle and a bag of books to make sure life isn't too uncomfortable.
We asked her if she was afraid of being at sea for so long. She said, "Well, I'm going to take a good compass(指北针). Anyway I'm not afraid of death because I love the sea---I just hope it loves me." Fiona certainly has plenty of energy; in her spare time, she enjoys playing the piano, rock-climbing, canoeing(划船) and dancing. Although she is sixty, she doesn't want to have a quiet and peaceful life. "I'm looking forward to having fun in the rest of my life and that's exactly why I'd like to be a sailor for a while."

1)、Fiona McFee is going to stop working because she decided to realize a childhood dream and sail around of Scotland in a small boat.
A.T
B.F

2)、Fiona McFee enjoys playing the piano, rock-climbing canoeing and dancing in her spare time.

A.T
B.F

3)、Fiona would like to have the sail because she thinks it will be very exciting.

A.T
B.F

4)、The old lady Fiona is a person who doesn't use her head much.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title of this passage is "Life Begins at Sixty".

A.T
B.F

19、 I was born in the late twenties on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia. I went through the public schools of Atlanta for a period, and then I went to study at what was then known as the Atlanta University Lab High School for two years. After that school was closed, I went to Booker T. Washington High School. The neighborhood in which I was born was quite ordinary: no one was very rich. Most of the blacks in the neighborhood who had some money lived in a section of the town known as "Hunter Hills". It was a very nice area to be in.
I have a wonderful mother and father. I can hardly remember a time that they ever argued. It is quite easy for me to think of love all over the world because I grew up in a family where love was central and where lovely relationships were ever present. It is quite easy for me to develop optimism (乐观主义) about human nature mainly because of my experiences when I was a child.
In my own life I have put together in my character both my father's and my mother's characters. My father has strong determination for good things and my mother is gentle and sweet. Because of the influence of my mother and father, I guess I always have a strong wish to serve the interests of people. I thought I could probably do it better as a lawyer or doctor, but I was slow to make up my mind. But six months of working with my father after graduation from college gave me all the determination for entering the missionary (牧师工作).

1)、The writer most probably was born between 1925 and 1929.
A.T
B.F

2)、It seems that the writer liked the place in which he was born.
A.T
B.F

3)、The writer's family was a center of love.
A.T
B.F

4)、The writer's experiences in his childhood taught him how to put together his parents' characters.
A.T
B.F

5)、The writer thought that being a lawyer or doctor was not an easy decision.
A.T
B.F

20、 Computers can injure you. Most other injuries happen suddenly. For example,if you fall off a bike and break your arms,it happens very quickly. But computer injuries happen slowly.
You probably know how to ride a bike safely. Now learn to use a computer safely.
Your eyes
Too much light can injure your eyes,so never sit too close to a computer screen. Your eyes should be at least 50cm from the screen. Remember to look away from it sometimes. This gives your eyes a rest.
When you use a computer, the window should be on your left or your right. If it is behind you, the light will reflect on (反射) the screen. If the window is in front of you, the sun and the screen will both shine into your eyes.
Your hands and wrists
Hand and wrist injuries can happen because the hands and wrists are moved in the same way hundreds of times. If you use a keyboard for a long time,follow these three rules:1) Rest your wrists on some thing. 2) Keep your elbows (肘) at the same height as the keyboard. 3) Stop sometimes and exercise your hands,wrists and fingers in a different way.
Your back
Some people sit for many hours in front of a computer. If you sit in the wrong way,you can injure your back or your neck. So you should sit with your back straight. The top part of the screen should be in front of your eyes. Your forearms,wrists,hands and the upper part of your legs should all be parallel (平行) to the floor. If you are sitting for a long time,get up every 30 minutes and exercise your arms,legs and neck.
Enjoy your computer,but use it safely.
1)、A computer screen may injure your eyes if your eyes are too close to it.
A.T
B.F

2)、Hand and wrist injuries are caused when you get plenty of exercise.
A.T
B.F

3)、Your eyes and hands will be safe if you often take rests from working.
A.T
B.F

4)、It is good for your back and neck if you sit in the right way.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the text is “How to Protect Your Eyes.”
A.T
B.F

21、 Not many years ago, a wealthy and rather strange old man named Johnson lived alone in a village in the south of England. He had made a lot of money in trading with foreign countries. When he was seventy-five, he gave£12,000 to the village school to buy land and equipment for a children's playground.
As a result of his kindness, many people came to visit him. Among them was a newspaperman. During their talk, Johnson remarked that he was seventy-five and expected to live to be a hundred. The newspaperman asked him how he managed to be healthy at seventy-five. Johnson had a sense of humor. He liked whisky and drank some each day. "I have an injection in my neck each evening."he told the newspaperman, thinking of his evening glass of whisky.
The newspaperman did not understand what Johnson meant. In his newspaper he reported that Johnson was seventy-five and had a daily injection in his neck. Within a week Johnson received thousands of letters from all over Britain, asking him for the secret of his daily injection.
1)、According to this passage, Johnson became a rich man by cheating.

A.T
B.F

2)、The gift of money to the school suggests that Johnson wanted people to know how rich he was.

A.T
B.F

3)、Many people wrote to Johnson to find out how to live longer.

A.T
B.F

4)、The newspaperman should have found out what Johnson really meant.

A.T
B.F

5)、When Johnson said he had an injection in his neck each evening, he really meant that he liked drinking a glass of whisky in the evening.

A.T
B.F

22、 Now, you'll be coming back here to brush up your English, so you'll want to make as much conversation as possible. Whatever you do, don't stay in a place full of overseas students, especially if they come from our country. This is fatal. Don't believe all the stories you hear about how unfriendly the English are. It's just that many of them are a little shy, and they have this idea about minding their own business. In a train, or restaurant, for example, or anywhere else they will talk to you; but you must break the ice first. Then see them talk! Any subject will do--the weather, their dogs,food. Pardon me, not any subject. Don't be nosy (爱打听的) about their private life, their incomes and expenditures, or their ages. These English worship (尊重) their privacy. Avoid religion too. The best place to talk is in pubs, but as you are a girl, go with someone else, and don't go to the pubs in Piccadilly, Leicester Square and so on. Find one near where you are living and go there regularly. Someone's bound to talk to you. Oh! Make sure to let them see you are a foreigner. Pretend to have difficulty in ordering, or something. That should be easy enough.
1)、The writer suggests that they had better not stay in a place where there are a lot of young people.

A.T
B.F

2)、According to the passage, we should believe the English are mostly friendly.

A.T
B.F

3)、We can talk about anything with English except their dogs.

A.T
B.F

4)、According to the passage, if you want to talk with the English, usually you have to talk to them first.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best place to talk to the English is in a restaurant.

A.T
B.F

23、 One day, Mr. Black went into a restaurant. He put his coat on a chair near the door. There was nothing in the pockets of his coat. After he had his meal, he went to take his coat back. He found there was much money in one of his pockets. “Whose is this?” he thought. He saw a waiter near the door, so Mr. Black said to him, “Somebody put a lot of money in my coat. I have no time to wait for him. I have to go. Take it, please. When he comes back, give it to him.” The waiter took it and went away. At the moment, another man came with a coat just like Mr. Black's. “I'm sorry,” said the man. “I took your coat and you got mine. Please give me my coat and the money.” Mr. Black answered, “I gave the money to the waiter. He'll give it to you.” Mr. Black called the manager, but the manager said, “We have no waiters here. We only have waitresses. He must be a thief!”
1)、Mr. Black went out to put his coat on a chair.
A.T
B.F

2)、After his meal, Mr. Black didn't take back his coat.
A.T
B.F

3)、Mr. Black gave the money to the waitress.
A.T
B.F

4)、The two coats looked the same.
A.T
B.F

5)、The "waiter" is a thief.
A.T
B.F

24、 Mr Brown was going away for a week. Before he left, he said to his son, "if anyone asks for me, you can tell him that your father has been out for doing something, and will be back in a week, then be sure to ask him to sit down for a cup of tea."
"OK, Dad," said his son. But he was afraid his son couldn't remember this, he wrote these words down on a piece of paper and gave it to him. His son put it into his small pocket, took it out and looked at it every now and then.
Four days passed, but no one came to see his father. The boy thought that there was no man to come and that the piece of paper was of no more use for him, so he burnt it that evening.
The next afternoon, someone knocked at the door. The boy opened it. A man was standing at the door and said, "Where is your father?" The boy put his hand into his pocket at once for the piece of paper. He could not find it. He suddenly remembered he had burnt it, so he shouted, "No more."
The man was very surprised. He asked, "No more? I met your father last week. When did it happen?"
"Burnt yesterday evening."
1)、Mr Brown told his son that he would be back in a month.
A.T
B.F

2)、Mr Brown wrote the words down on his son's pocket.
A.T
B.F

3)、A man came to visit the boy's father on the fifth day.
A.T
B.F

4)、The man was very surprised because he thought the child's father was dead.
A.T
B.F

5)、The paper was burnt.
A.T
B.F

25、When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses.
What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married couples - people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to another. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money do not want to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they have enough money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture than they could afford to buy.
One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don’t like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not sure what their neighbors might think.
1)、Which of the following has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses?
A.Selling home furnishings.
B.Renting furnished apartments.
C.Selling used furniture.
D.Renting home furnishings.

2)、Why do some people prefer to rent furniture?
A.Because the furniture they get in this way is new.
B.Because it saves them a lot of money.
C.Because it saves them much trouble and money.
D.Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way.

3)、What can you infer from the passage?
A.The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.
B.Renting furniture is not popular in the couple’s home town.
C.Only those who don’t have enough money to rent furniture.
D.People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.

4)、Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?
A.Rent or Buy?
B.A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings.
C.Furnished Apartments.
D.A New Idea.

5)、Young people liked renting home furniture because_________
A.they have less money.
B.they don’t want to buy old furniture.
C.the new furniture is of good quality.
D.they don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture.

26、Fred was a young soldier in a big camp. During the week they always worked very hard, but it was Saturday, and all the young soldiers were free, so their officer said to them, "You can go into the town this afternoon, but first I am going to inspect (检查)you."
Fred came to the officer, and the officer said to him, "Your hair is very long, go to the barber(理发师) and then come back to me again."
Fred ran to the barber's shop, but it was closed because it was Saturday. Fred was very sad for a few minutes, but then he smiled and went back to the officer. "Are my boots clean now, sir?" he asked.
The officer didn't look at Fred's hair. He looked at his boots and said, "Yes, they're much better now. You can go out, and next week, first clean your boots, and then come to me!"
1)、In the first paragraph "during the week" means from Monday to Friday.
A.T
B.F

2)、You can go into the town this afternoon before I inspect you.
A.T
B.F

3)、The officer asked Fred to have his hair cut short.
A.T
B.F

4)、Fred smiled because his boots were very clean.
A.T
B.F

5)、The officer made a mistake. He should have inspected his boots instead of hair.
A.T
B.F

27、 It was very cold last Sunday. Paul and his friends Allan, Bill and Betty went to the lake after breakfast. They began to skate on the ice. Paul skated better than his three friends. He skated fast and didn't know a piece of ice was broken. He fell into the water. His friends were afraid and called for help. Just then two workers walked there and heard them. They ran there quickly and helped the boy come out of the water. Then they took him to a hospital. Paul and his parents thanked them very much.
1)、The children went skating after breakfast.
A.T
B.F

2)、Five children skated on the lake.
A.T
B.F

3)、Paul skated best of all the children.
A.T
B.F

4)、Paul fell into the water because he skated fast.
A.T
B.F

5)、Two workers helped Paul.
A.T
B.F

28、 One fine afternoon I was walking along the Fifth Avenue, when I remembered that it was necessary to buy a pair of socks. Why I wished to buy only one pair is unimportant. I turned into the first sock shop that caught my eye, and a boy clerk who could not have been more than seventeen years old came forward.
“What can I do for you, sir?”
“I wish to buy a pair of socks.”
His eyes glowed. There was a note of passion in his voice. “Did you know that you had come into the finest place in the world to buy socks?”I had not been aware of that, as my entrance had been accidental.
“Come with me,”said the boy, happily.
I followed him to the back of the shop, and he began to take from the shelves box after box, showing me the socks in them.“Hold on, lad. I am going to buy only one pair!”
“I know that,”said he, “but I want you to see how marvelously beautiful these are. Aren't they wonderful!”
There was an expression of solemn as if he were revealing to me the mysteries of his religion. I became far more interested in him than in the socks. “My friend,”said I, “If you can keep this up, if you keep up this zeal and excitement day after day, in ten years you will own every sock in the United States.”I wish every salesperson had the boy's zeal(激情)and love for his job so that customers will not have to wait for someone to wait on them.
1)、The author walked into the sock shop because it was the biggest shop.
A.T
B.F

2)、The author became more interested in the boy than in the socks because he was attracted by the boy's passion for his work.
A.T
B.F

3)、The boy didn't like his work at all.
A.T
B.F

4)、The boy clerk took the author to the front of the shop and showed him many socks.
A.T
B.F

5)、It can be inferred from the story that love for one's job is one of the keys to success.
A.T
B.F

29、 Paul, a salesman from London, was driving past a sports car parked outside a supermarket when he saw it start to roll slowly down the hill. Inside the car were two young girls on the passenger seat but no driver. Paul stopped quickly, jumped in front of the sports car and tried to stop it, pushing against the front of the car. Another man, who was standing nearby, got into the car and put on the hand brake(手刹), saving the girls from injury. It was at this point that Paul noticed his own car rolling slowly down the hill and going too fast for him to stop it. It crashed into a bus at the bottom of the hill and was so badly damaged that it had to be pulled away to a garage. As if this was not bad enough, Paul now found he had no one to blame. He was so busy chasing his car that he did not get the name of the driver of the sports car who just came out of the supermarket and drove away without realizing what had happened.
1)、Paul got out from his car quickly because he felt hot in his car.

A.T
B.F

2)、A car at the bottom of the hill was badly damaged.
A.T
B.F

3)、The driver of the sports car was in the garage when the accident happened.

A.T
B.F

4)、The man standing nearbywas to blame for the accident.

A.T
B.F

5)、Nobodywas injured in the accident.

A.T
B.F

30、A dolphin(海豚)is always well-known as a clever and friendly animal. Recently another amazing(令人惊奇的) discovery made by the British marine(海洋的)biologist (生物学家) Alexis shows that dolphins, to our surprise, keep in touch with each other by calling each other's names among themselves something like human beings.
Alexis recorded over 1700 different kinds of dolphins' calls and made a careful analysis of them. The analysis shows each dolphin has his own sound signal referring specially to himself and used all the time when he gets in touch with others. What's more, one dolphin is even able to imitate another's cry in more or less the same way as sometimes human beings do while talking with birds, which is believed to be an important step towards language from animals' calls.
1)、Alexis's new discovery about dolphins is that they are famous.
A.T
B.F

2)、A dolphin is able to talk with birds.
A.T
B.F

3)、Imagining others' cries is thought to be a step from animals' calls to language.
A.T
B.F

4)、A dolphin is like a human being by speaking in a certain language.
A.T
B.F

5)、The main idea of the text is a new discovery about the dolphin.
A.T
B.F

31、 In the high mountain country outside the city of Toluker, there stands a prison. This prison is quite different from other prisons in the world. The guards, except for two at the main gate, are not armed. There are many remarkable things about Toluker prison. For example, of the 15,000 individuals who have been in prison at Toluker, less than two percent have got into trouble again with the law. Men in the open prison are free to find work outside, but go back to prison each night. On weekends they are allowed to go home. When most other prisons are still sending criminals back into society, Toluker is returning people who stand on their own feet and contribute to society. In 1974, a prisoner called Barb Crook moved to the open prison. A year later, he left Toluker for the last time. He was then nearly forty-six and had been in prison for fourteen years. He got a job as construction worker in the city, remarried and was regarded as a useful person of his community. If you ask Bob why Toluker works, he would say, "Because they believed in me when I was at my worst."
1)、Toluker prison stands in the high mountain country.
A.T
B.F

2)、Toluker prison is called an open prison because it has no armed guards.
A.T
B.F

3)、On weekends the prisoners in the open prison are allowed to go home.
A.T
B.F

4)、Bob Crook stayed in the Toluker prison for thirteen years.
A.T
B.F

5)、The speaker's attitude toward this type of prison is positive.
A.T
B.F

32、 Elvis Aron Presley, often called “the king of rock music”, died on August 16th, 1977, at the age of forty-two. He left a great influence on popular music, and millions of fans. During his lifetime, Elvis sold more than four hundred million records. After Presley died, many of his records rose quickly. When Presley died, many mourners journeyed to Memphis, Tennessee, Presley's home, to pay their last respects. While most of these fans knew a lot about the songs of Elvis, few of them knew the story of how Elvis had his first record which was for his mother. He paid four dollars to a small Memphis recording shop, and recorded two songs. The songs were “My Happiness” and “That's Where Your Heartaches Begin”. Sam Philips, who owned the shop where Elvis made the record, liked Presley's songs. He said he would call him some day. About a year later, Philips did call and asked him to cut a record. This first record had “Blue Moon of Kentucky”on one side, and “That's All Right, Mama”on the other.
1)、The passage is mainly about how Elvis Presley began his career.
A.T
B.F

2)、Mourners are usually record-producers.
A.T
B.F

3)、Without the record for his mother, Elvis might not have become a star.
A.T
B.F

4)、When Presley died, people went to Memphis for his mother's story of life.
A.T
B.F

5)、The passage shows that many people loved Elvis's songs.
A.T
B.F

33、Last Friday a storm tore through two villages in the New Territories destroying fourteen homes. Seven others were so badly damaged that their owners had to leave them, and fifteen others had broken windows or torn roofs. One person was killed, several were badly injured and taken to hospital, and a number of other people received smaller injuries. Altogether over two hundred people were homeless as a result of the storm.
A farmer, Mr. C. Y. Tan, said that the storm began early in the morning and lasted for over an hour.
“I was in the kitchen with my wife and children,” he said, “when we heard a loud noise. A few minutes later our house fell down on top of us, we managed to climb out but then I saw that one of my children was missing. I went back inside and found him, safe but very frightened.”
Mrs. Woo Mei Fong said that her husband had just left for work when she noticed that her house was shaking. She rushed outside immediately with her children.
“There was no time to take anything,” she said. “A few minutes later, the roof came down.”
Soldiers helped to bring people out of the flooded area and the Welfare Department provided food, clothes and shelter.

1)、Some of the people were taken to hospital because they had been badly injured.

A.T
B.F

2)、When the storm first began, Mr. Tan was inside his house.
A.T
B.F

3)、When Mr. Tan's house fell down, only one of his children was inside it.

A.T
B.F

4)、Mrs. Woo and her family escaped injury because her husband had gone to work.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the passage would be “A Terrible Storm.”
A.T
B.F

34、 People living in the country enjoy several advantages that people living in the city cannot enjoy.
They are in close contact with nature. They make friends with trees and stones, owls and dogs. They breathe fresh air. They fight with strong winds. They listen to the song of birds.
This contact with nature is good for health. There are many diseases that are common in the city, but are not to be found in the country, For example, near-sightedness is almost unknown to country people.
Because of the absence of cars, one can walk more freely in the country than in the city. There are no rules of the road nor traffic signs to obey.
People living in the country can easily get fresh vegetables, fresh fruit and fresh milk.And they get them at lower prices than in the city.
Country life is economical in other ways, too. There are practically no temptations to waste money.
Country people are mostly honest. They say what they mean, and make and keep promises with sincerity. They do not put on air. They do not pretend to have those ridiculous manners which are necessary in what we call polite society.
1)、Often, country people can enjoy Musical concerts.
A.T
B.F

2)、Beer is probably more expensive in the country than in the city.
A.T
B.F

3)、People living in the country are in close contact with nature.
A.T
B.F

4)、The traffic accident rate is very high in the country.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the passage is Country Life.
A.T
B.F

35、One Thursday evening Mr. Watson left his car in front of his house as usual, but when he came down next morning to go to his office, he found that his car was missing. He called the police and told them what had happened. He also asked them whether they help to find the car for him.
When Mr. Watson came back from his office that evening, the car was in the usual place outside the home. He examined it carefully to see whether it was broken and found two tickets on one of the seats, and a letter which said, “We are sorry we took your car because of something important. The two tickets are for you to enjoy yourselves at the weekend.”
Mr. and Mrs. Watson went to the theatre with the two tickets on Saturday night and they had a good time. When they got home, they found that thieves had taken almost everything they had in their home.
1)、Mr. Watson usually went away from his car on Thursday night.
A.T
B.F

2)、Mr. Watson called the police to ask them for the car.
A.T
B.F

3)、The car was stolen in the morning.
A.T
B.F

4)、The thieves sent back the car.
A.T
B.F

5)、On Friday night Mr. and Mrs. Watson went to the theatre with the two tickets.
A.T
B.F

36、On a recent cross-country flight(航行), I saw a dramatic example of why being a parent is a harder job than being President of United States. In fact, the scene I saw could have been a commercial(广告)for birth control.
On that flight were a mother and her four-year-old son, whose name was Jeffrey. Everybody on the plane knew that his name was Jeffrey because his mother spent a major part of the trip talking to him, generally from a distance:
“Jeffrey, don't do that!”
“Jeffery, will you get down from there?”
All the passengers knew not only Jeffrey's name but also his age because, as he happily ran about kicking their legs, he kept crying, “I'm four years old!” But he didn't kick my legs. Instead, he smeared(涂抹)chocolate on my shirt.
Sleep was made impossible as the flight moved west by the voices of mother and son:
“Jeffrey, get down!”
“I'm four years old!”
“Jeffrey, now look what you have done to the gentleman!”
“I'm four years old!”
At last, however, there was mercy(仁慈) and Jeffrey fell asleep --- five minutes before we landed. All the passengers' hearts went out to Jeffrey's mother. She had aged ten years in five hours.
1)、The trip that the author took was across the country from the east coast to the west.
A.T
B.F

2)、What the author saw on the plane was a commercial for birth control.
A.T
B.F

3)、Everyone on the plane knew the boy's name was Jeffrey because the boy told everyone he was Jeffrey.
A.T
B.F

4)、Jeffrey kicked all the passengers' legs.
A.T
B.F

5)、According to the passage,the passengers felt relieved(放心的) when Jeffrey at last fell asleep.
A.T
B.F

37、 If you are like most people, your intelligence varies from season to season. You are probably a lot sharper in the spring than you are at any other time of the year. A noted scientist Ellsworth Huntington ( 1876 - 1937 ) concluded from other men's work and his own among peoples in different climates that climate and temperature have a definite effect on our mental abilities.
He found that cool weather is much more favorable for creative thinking than summer heat is. This does not mean that all people are less intelligent in the summer than they are during the rest of the year. It does mean, however, that the mental abilities of large numbers of people tend to be lowest in the summer.
Spring appears to be the best period of the year for thinking. One reason may be that in the spring man's mental abilities are affected by the same factors that bring about great changes in all nature.
Fall is the next-best season, then winter. As for summer, it seems to be a good time to take a long vacation from thinking!
1)、Huntington based his conclusion on work with peoples in different climates.
A.T
B.F

2)、Ellsworth Huntington decided that climate and temperature have a great effect on everyone's intelligence.
A.T
B.F

3)、One possible reason why spring is the best season for thinking is that all nature, including man, is growing then.
A.T
B.F

4)、The two best seasons for thinking seem to be winter and summer.
A.T
B.F

5)、According to the selection, vacations from thinking should be taken during the summer.
A.T
B.F

38、
1)、If Mrs Evans is interested in the dresses, she may call 5998326.
A.T
B.F

2)、You needn't pay if you want to get a lovely dog.
A.T
B.F

3)、If Mrs Evans wants to buy all the dresses, she has to pay $270.
A.T
B.F

4)、If you give an old pair of shoes to HiLo's Store, you can get any new pair of shoes with only 10 dollars.
A.T
B.F

5)、The old shoes will be given to beggars.
A.T
B.F

39、People show their love for their country when they honor the flag. The bright colors of the flag stand for the country, its people, and its ideas.
The flag of the United States is red, white and blue. Red stands for courage. White stands for honor. And blue stands for justice(公正). The flag has 13 stripes(星条) of red and white. These stripes stand for the first 13 states. The top left corner of the flag is blue with 50 white stars. The stars stand for the 50 states in the United States today. We sometimes give the US flag a name, the stars and the stripes.
A person carrying the flag marches at the head of the parade(游行). When your country's flag goes by, you should stand up and salute(敬礼). A man removes his hat. He salutes by placing his hand over his heart. A woman doesn't need to remove her hat. She salutes by placing her hand over her heart, too.
It is rude not to stand when the flag of any country goes by. It is rude not to salute the flag of your own country. It is rude for a man not to remove his hat for his country's flag.
Most countries have rules for honoring the flag. Here are a few rules that many countries follow:
1) You may fly the flag in the daytime. If there is a light on the flag, you may fly it at night, too.
2) Do not fly the flag in the rain.
3) Do not let the flag touch the floor.
4) Do not throw away an old flag. Burn it with care.
These rules will help you honor the flag and show love for your country.
1)、According to the passage, the colors of the flag of the United States are red, white and blue.
A.T
B.F

2)、The stripes on the flag of the United States stand for the first 13 states.
A.T
B.F

3)、When you see the flag of your country, you should not stand up and salute.
A.T
B.F

4)、When you see the flag of other countries, you should applaud.
A.T
B.F

5)、It is NOT rude to fly your country's flag in the rain.
A.T
B.F

40、 One of the worst things that can happen on our earth is an earthquake. When earthquakes happen near large cities, many people may be killed and many buildings may be knocked down. Fires may start and do more damage than the quake itself.
Earthquakes come from a shaking of the rocks under the surface of the earth. Forces within the earth push against the rocks until they break. Sometimes, the earth above the break will also split (裂开) open.
We cannot tell when an earthquake is coming. But we do know the places on the earth where they happen most often. Much damage is stopped by building stronger buildings in these places.
As many as a million earthquakes may happen in a year. But most of them do no damage, for they happen under the sea.
The following is a car seller's experience of an earthquake.
"While sitting in my office, discussing business with a friendly customer, I heard a loud noise and then began to feel the ground shake. I looked up and the customer was already out of the door. On the showroom (陈列室) floor, behind where he had been, was a Ford Thunderbird. The car jumped completely off the ground ... with all four wheels hanging in the air."
"Frightened, I ran in the direction of the showroom floor, there was not a single human to be found inside the building. I was the last out ... but I made it."
1)、Most earthquakes happen under the sea.
A.T
B.F

2)、The worst thing about an earthquake could be the shaking of rocks.
A.T
B.F

3)、Knowing the places where earthquakes happen most often may provide information that is useful to the building of houses.
A.T
B.F

4)、Ford Thunderbird is probably the name of the showroom.
A.T
B.F

5)、The car seller was the last one to leave the showroom.
A.T
B.F

41、 Hobbs was an orphan. He worked in a factory and every day he got a little money. Hard work changed him thin and weak. He wanted to borrow a lot of money to learn to paint pictures, but he did not think he could pay off the debts.
One day a lawyer said to him, “One thousand dollars, and here is the money.” As Hobbs took the package of notes, he was very dumbfounded(惊呆了的). He didn't know where the money came from and how to spend it. He said to himself, “I could go to find a hotel and live like a rich man for a few days, or I give up my work in the factory and do what I'd like to do: painting pictures. I could do that for a few weeks, but what would I do after that? I should have lost my place in the factory and have no money to live on. If it were a little less money, I would buy a new coat, or a radio, or give a dinner to my friends. If it were more, I could give up the work and pay for painting the pictures. But it is too much for one and too little for the other.”
“Here is the reading of your uncle's will,” said the lawyer, “telling what is to be done with this money after his death. I must ask you to remember one point. Your uncle has said you must bring me a paper showing exactly what you did with his money, as soon as you have spent it.”
“Yes, I see. I will do that,” said the young man.
1)、Hobbswanted to borrow money because he wanted to learn to paint pictures.
A.T
B.F

2)、With the money he got, Hobbs first thought he could live like a rich man for a few days.
A.T
B.F

3)、What Hobbs was asked to do was nothing but to buy some pictures.
A.T
B.F

4)、What Hobbs really loved to do was painting pictures.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the passage is "The will can Make You Rich".
A.T
B.F

42、 A bag is useful and the word "bag" is useful, too. It reminds us of an interesting phrase, i.e. "to let the cat out of the bag". In meaning it is the same as "to tell the secret". And there is an old interesting story about it.
Long ago,when farmers wanted to sell chickens at the market, most of the time they would just throw the chickens in cloth bags. But cats were cheaper than chickens, so many farmers would put cats into the cloth bags instead of chickens. One day, a woman asked a man for a chicken. The man gave her a cloth bag in which there was a cat. The woman begged to see the chicken. When the man opened the cloth bag, a big black cat ran out. Not a chicken! The man's secret was out and everyone knew it.
Now when someone lets out(泄露)a secret, he "let the cat out of the bag". And that is the story where the interesting phrase comes from.
1)、The phrase "to let the cat out of the bag" came from an interesting story.
A.T
B.F

2)、The woman wanted to buy a black cat.
A.T
B.F

3)、The farmers put cats into their cloth bags instead of chickens because cats were cheaper than chickens.
A.T
B.F

4)、In "… everyone knew it " at the end of the second paragraph, "it" refers to "the cloth bag".
A.T
B.F

5)、John "lets the cat out of the bag" means that he makes everyone know a secret.
A.T
B.F

43、 I never used to go anywhere without the car. I regarded it as an essential part of myself. But when the price of gas doubled this year, I decided not to use the car except when absolutely necessary.
For example, I always used to take the car when I went to fetch the papers on Sunday mornings, although our newsagent's is only 10 minutes' walk away. Now I go on foot.
I tell myself that I'm not only saving the gas but keeping fit at the same time. It's all a question of habit really. I'm sure you can get used to anything if you try and already feel that I rely on the car less than I used to.
Besides, now that we live in the suburbs, I can walk down the road and catch a bus to the office or to any part of the town. We used to live in the country about 15 miles from town and then I would frequently drive to and from twice in one day. That meant I would use 15 gallons of oil or more in a week. Now I only need half that amount.
The trouble is that I am also getting used to the gas prices. They don't seem very high to me any more. Perhaps it is easier to get used to expensive gas than it is to doing without the car.

1)、When the prices of gas doubled this year, the author decided to use the car only when he had to.
A.T
B.F

2)、In the sentence “It's all a question of habit really”, the pronoun “It” refers to keeping fit.
A.T
B.F

3)、To go to the newsagent's to get his newspaper, the author used to drive his car.
A.T
B.F

4)、We know from the passage that the author is getting used to living in the country about 15 miles from town.
A.T
B.F

5)、The last sentence of the passage suggests that the author thinks it difficult to get used to doing without the car.
A.T
B.F

44、The climate of any place is the kind of weather it usually has over a long period of time. The kind of homes we live in, the clothes we wear even, the food we eat depend on the climate of the place where we live. Climate is complicated; it is affected by many things. If you live near one of the poles, you live in a cold climate, for you do not get much direct sunshine as you would get farther from the poles. If you live near the equator(赤道), you live in a warm or very hot climate, for this is the region where the sun shines almost straight down.
How much rain or snow falls makes a great difference to the climate. You may live in a hot, dry land, where little rain falls. This will be a desert. Its climate is quite different from that of a rain forest, where rain falls almost every day. The amount of rain or snow in a cold land depends upon the winds, upon the nearby mountains, and upon the currents in nearby seas. Rainfall depends on many different things.

1)、Climate means the weather of a certain place over a long period of time.
A.T
B.F

2)、“…even the foods we eat depend on the climate of the place where we live.”means we eat different foods according to the weather.
A.T
B.F

3)、People living near the poles tend to get more sunlight than those near the equator.
A.T
B.F

4)、Rainfalls depend on many things except the winds.
A.T
B.F

5)、The best title for the passage is Climate.
A.T
B.F

45、My brother, Henry, has an excellent job at a bank. I couldn't believe him when he told me that he had decided to give it up. Though I tried to make him change his mind, I failed completely.
"You should reconsider your decision," I said. "You have already spent five years in the bank and you could have a wonderful career. You might become a bank manager by the time you're thirty-five. "
"I know," Henry answered. "I've got no complaints with the bank. It's a pleasant job in pleasant surroundings. The bank manager told me that my prospects(前程) were excellent.
"Then why do you want to leave?" I answered.
"It's the money," Henry said.
"But you're getting a good salary," I answered.
"I don't mean that," Henry said. "What do I do at the bank? Well, at the moment all I do is to count money. I find it very depressing(令人沮丧的). "
"What's depressing about counting money?" I asked, unable to follow the logic(逻辑) of Henry's argument.
"You don't understand," Henry answered. "I enjoy counting my own money, but I hate counting other people's!"
1)、Henry's decision was that he would spend more time on his job.
A.T
B.F

2)、Henry had been working in the bank for five years.
A.T
B.F

3)、The bank manager told Henry that Henry did a good job.
A.T
B.F

4)、Henry had no complaints with all of the following EXCEPT long working hour.
A.T
B.F

5)、Henry found his job depressing because he didn't like counting other people's money.
A.T
B.F

46、 What makes one person more intelligentthan another? What makes one person a genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear.
We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways, the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental exercise is particularly important for young children. Many child psychologists (心理学家) think that parents should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. The children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand, children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become dull and unintelligent.
Parents should also be careful with what they say to young children. According to some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their children, such as "That was a very clever thing you did." or "You are such a smart child."
1)、The word "intelligent" in the 1st paragraph probably mean bright.
A.T
B.F

2)、According to the context we can guess that a genius is a normal person while an idiot is a funny person.
A.T
B.F

3)、A person born with a good brain and putting it into active use is more likely to become a genius.
A.T
B.F

4)、It is better for parents to praise and encourage their children more often.
A.T
B.F

5)、Intelligence is obviously the result of where and how you live.
A.T
B.F

47、 A poor boy, who had not enough money to buy a meal, stopped one hot summer at noon before an eating-house. The boss of the restaurant told him several times to go away,but the boy could not leave the wonderful smell. At last, the cook came out of the restaurant. Taking hold of his arm, he declared that the boy had been feeding upon the smell of their food. He asked the boy to pay half the price of a meal. The poor fellow said that he neither could nor would pay.
At that moment, a police happened to pass. He said to the boy, “You have been feasting one of senses with the good smell of this man's meat, you should satisfy one of his senses. How much money do you have?”
“I have only two pence in all the world, sir and I must buy some bread.”
“Never mind,”answered the policeman,“Take your two pence between your hands. Now rattle them loudly.”
The boy did so, and the officer, turning to the cook, said, “Now, sir, I think he had paid you the smell of your delicious food. The smell of your food rewarded his nostrils(鼻孔)and the sound of his money rewarded your ears.”
This decision gave more satisfaction to the bystanders than to the cook, but it was the only payment he could get.
1)、The cook asked the boy to give him some money for feeding on the smell of the food.

A.T
B.F

2)、The boy reported what happened to the police in the police station.

A.T
B.F

3)、The police asked the boy to make noises with the two pence.

A.T
B.F

4)、The cook finally got some money.

A.T
B.F

5)、The policeman was not satisfied with the solution.
A.T
B.F

48、There are many misunderstandings about American Indian names. Crazy Horses, for example, was given to a man because he was courageous, not because he was mad.
Indian families had no last names. The Sioux Indians give individuals three or four names. The first name was given at birth. It showed the order of a birth into the family. Wenonah, for instance, meant "firstborn daughter".
The second name, the honor name, was given to the child by a medicine man. It usually referred to the fine character of good deeds of one of the child's ancestors. When he grew up, the person was expected to live up to this name. Otherwise, the person might not be called by it.
The third name was the nickname. It usually referred to something odd that the person had done. It was hardly ever flattering(奉承).
The fourth name came the deed name. It was given by a war chief after the person accomplished some good or extraordinary bravery. The name might be that of a fear-inspiring animal such as Bear or Buffalo or that of a noble bird, such as Eagle, Hawk or Owl.
1)、The passage described the way American Indians are named.
A.T
B.F

2)、An American Indian would be called by his second name only when he grew up.
A.T
B.F

3)、The name of an animal was given to an American Indian usually because he was courageous.
A.T
B.F

4)、A school teacher could also give a name to an American Indian.
A.T
B.F

5)、Last name is not included in an American Indian name.
A.T
B.F

49、 Once there were two brothers who were twins. They looked exactly alike. They both have the same dark brown hair ,blue eyes and beautiful teeth. They were both 5 feet, 10 inches tall and both weighed 150 pounds.
They not only looked alike but also behaved alike on the telephone. Not even their family could tell the difference. They dressed alike, listened to the same music, and read the same books. They even laughed at the same jokes.
When they were twenty three, they both got married and a year later both had sons. The years went by and as they began to grow old , they both wore glasses and eventually (最后)they both became bald.
Then one day, one of the brothers got sick and died. A few days later, a man stopped the other twin on the street.
"Excuse me for asking," he said, "but was it you or your brother who died ?"
1)、It was not easy to tell the two men from each other because they were twins.
A.T
B.F

2)、The twin brothers had different colored hair.
A.T
B.F

3)、"They both became bald" means they got sick.
A.T
B.F

4)、The only difference between the twins was one got sick and died.
A.T
B.F

5)、The man stopped the other twin on the street because he didn't know which of them died.
A.T
B.F

50、In the water around New York city is a very small island called Liberty Island. On Liberty Island there is a very special statue called the Statue of Liberty. It is one of the most famous sightsin the world.
The Statue of Liberty was a gift from the people of France to the people of the United States. The statue was made by a French sculptor named Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. The inner support system was designed by Gustave Eiffel, the same man who made the famous Eiffel Tower in Paris.
Liberty, of course, means freedom, and the Statue of Liberty was given to the United States to celebrate the one-hundredth anniversary of U.S independence from England. The statue was built in France, taken apart piece by piece, and then rebuilt in the United States. It was opened for the public on October 28, 1886.
As you might expect, the statue is very big. Visitors can ride an elevator from the ground to the bottom of the statue. If they want, they can then walk up 168 steps to reach the head of the statue where they can look out and enjoy the beautiful sight of the city of New York.

1)、A good title for this selection is The Statue of Liberty.
A.T
B.F

2)、The word “sights”in the first paragraph means the power of seeing.

A.T
B.F

3)、The statue was built on Liberty Island.
A.T
B.F

4)、We may conclude that the elevator does not go to the top.
A.T
B.F

5)、The man who made the part of the statue that we can see on the outside was Bartholdi.

A.T
B.F

51、 Walt Disney died in 1966, but his work and his dreams did not die. A new generation of children watched his cartoon movies such as "Snow White" and even his old Mickey Mouse cartoons. These are the same Disney productions the parents and grandparents of these children enjoyed. Millions of people also came to the United States to enjoy Disneyland in California. But although Disney's work was world-famous, in many ways Walt Disney was an ordinary man. He was born in Chicago and had a rather ordinary childhood. His family was not rich or successful. In fact, his father failed in business many times, and Walt learned to accept failure as part of his life.
He did not mind hard work, and he did not give up easily. One summer Walt wanted a job at the post office, but they told him he was too young. He went home, drew some lines on his face, and put on his father's jacket and hat. Then he went back to the same office and told them he was 18. They gave him the job.
Later in his life, Disney had a dream. He wanted to build a new kind of amusement park. It would be clean and beautiful. There would be rides for children and nice restaurants for adults. It would be fun for people of all ages. Disney drew a plan for this park. It was called Disneyland. Engineers told him it was an impossible dream. His family and friends told him it was crazy, but Disney did not give up his idea. In 1955, Disneyland opened its gates to the public and became the most successful amusement park in the United States.
1)、Walt Disney's cartoon movies were popular with both parents and grandparents.
A.T
B.F

2)、Walt's father's failures in business made Walt more determined to become rich.
A.T
B.F

3)、Walt's story of finding a job at the post office is an example of not being honest.
A.T
B.F

4)、Walt's amusement park was named Disneyland.
A.T
B.F

5)、This passage mainly talks about Walt Disney and his career.
A.T
B.F

52、Once James Thornhill, a famous English painter, was asked to paint some pictures on the walls of the king's palace in England.
Then workers were sent for and a big platform(台子)was made.
With the help of a worker, Thornhill started painting on the platform. They worked for a whole year and at last the pictures were ready.
Thornhill was happy when he looked at the pictures, for they were really beautiful. He looked at them for a long time, and then took one step back and looked again. Now the pictures were even more beautiful. He took another step, then another. Finally he was at the very edge of the platform, but he didn't know it because he was thinking of his pictures.
The worker saw everything. "What should I do?" he thought. "Thornhill was at the very edge of the platform. If I cry out, he will take another step, fall off it and surely be killed. "So the worker quickly took some paint(漆)and threw it at the pictures.
"What are you doing?" cried the painter, running quickly forward to his pictures.
1)、James Thornhill was an English ______.
A.worker
B.artist
C.king
D.writer

2)、He was ordered to ______.
A.paint the wall of the king's palace in England
B.paint some pictures on the wall of the palace
C.build a big platform in front of the palace
D.put up some new pictures on the old wall

3)、It took them ______ to finish the pictures.
A.a month
B.a week
C.twelve months
D.half a month

4)、James Thornhill felt that the ______ he was from the pictures, the ______ they were.
A.nearer…more beautiful
B.farther…more ugly
C.farther…more beautiful
D.higher above…more good-looking

5)、The worker threw some paint at the pictures in order to ______.
A.save James' life
B.destroy the picture
C.make the picture more beautiful
D.make the king angry

53、Today Newton is a very clean place. Many years ago, however, there were millions of rats in it. They attacked the cats and dogs. Sometimes a great number of them knocked down a man or woman walking home at night. The rats were very large in size and they harmed many people.
The Government ordered everybody to kill rats. Most people were lazy, so they didn't kill many. The Government promised to pay some money for each dead rat. That made the people very happy. They killed thousands of rats everyday. A Government officer put all the dead rats in a big pile. Sometimes a man brought hundreds in one day.
After two weeks there were not many rats in the city, but people still brought many rats to the Government office. The Government officer thought that people were stealing dad rats from the pile. He ordered his men to dig a deep hole and put the rats in it. Soon there were no more rats, and the Government didn't pay any more money.
1)、Newton is a place which ______.
A.used to be very clean
B.is no longer a city
C.is very clean
D.will be very clean

2)、When the Government first ordered the people to kill rats, the people ______.
A.asked for some money for each dead rat
B.stole dead rats from the pile
C.were too lazy to kill many rats
D.killed nearly all the rats quickly

3)、The people killed rats ______.
A.to get money from the Government
B.to help the Government make the city clean
C.to make the Government officer happy
D.to protect(保护)their cats and dogs

4)、A deep hole was dug so that ______.
A.the rats couldn't come out to attack people at night
B.people could take rats from it easily
C.people would kill more rats
D.nobody could take any rats from the pile

5)、What is the best topic for this passage?
A.How to Kill Rats
B.Newton一A City of Rats
C.How Newton Became a Very Clean Place
D.How Newton Became a Famous City

54、In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 pm. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it's a matter of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.
In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour, it would be too impolite. A person, who is 5 minutes late, will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence.
1)、What is the main idea of this passage? ________
A.It is not customary to telephone someone in the morning and in sleeping hours in the U.S.
B.The role of time in social life over the world.
C.If people are late, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible in the U.S.
D.Not every country treats the concept of time as the same.

2)、What does it mean in the passage if you call someone during his or her sleeping hours? _______
A.A matter of work.
B.A matter of life or death.
C.You want to see him or her.
D.You want to make an appointment with him or her.

3)、Which of the following time is proper if you want to make an appointment with your friend in the U.S. A.?
A.at 7:00 am
B.at 4:00 pm
C.at the midnight
D.at 4 am

4)、Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? ________
A.In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date.
B.No misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures about the concept of time.
C.It may be considered foolish to make an appointment well in advance in the U.S.A..
D.Promptness is valued highly in American life.

5)、From the passage we can safely infer that _______
A.it’s a matter of life or death if you call someone in day time.
B.the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world.
C.it makes no difference in the U.S. whether you are early or late for a business party.
D.if a person is late for a date, he needn’t make some explanation.

55、 One day a poor farmer took a bag of wheat to town. He didn't know what to do when the bag fell off his horse. The bag was too heavy for him to lift. He hoped that someone would come and help him. Suddenly, he saw a man coming on a horse. The farmer knew him, but he did not dare to ask him for help, because he was a great man in the village. As soon as he came up to the farmer, the great man got off his horse and said, "You need my help, don't you? Let me help you." They lifted the bag of wheat onto the horse.
"Sir," asked the farmer, "how can I pay you?"
"Well," the great man answered, "if you see anyone in need of help, do the same for him".
1)、The farmer's trouble is he couldn't lift the bag himself.
A.T
B.F

2)、The farmer took some wheat to sell at town by himself.
A.T
B.F

3)、The farmer dared not ask the man for help because he was not a kind man.
A.T
B.F

4)、When the man saw the farmer in trouble, he helped the farmer lift the bag.
A.T
B.F

5)、At last, the great man asked the farmer to pay him.
A.T
B.F

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