2015年4月大学英语b统考题库阅读理解(5)

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阅读理解

44、 Lunchtime was my favorite subject when I was at school. I was really good at it. Plus, I loved school lunches.
Many students don't share my love. A lot of students bring their own lunches to school. Their mothers might make them sandwiches or leftovers from last night's dinner.
But not me! I couldn't wait for the school's hot lunch. At the beginning of each month a calendar was handed out. On it was the hot lunch schedule for that month. I used to circle the days I was excited for. Chicken fingers. Mexican casserole (焙盘). Every Friday they served pizza. With the lunches they sometimes had little potatoes we call tater tots.
I loved waiting in line and talking with my friends. For only $1.35, which is very cheap, you would get a tray with different foods on it and a cup of milk. I always got chocolate milk. But don't tell my mother, she didn't know. Then you'd carry your food to your lunch table and sit down with your friends. Boys rarely sat with girls. We'd talk about sports and TV while we ate lunch. When we finished we usually played a game with a paper football until we got in trouble.
In school lunch was more than a time to eat. For me it was the best part of my day!
1)、The best title for this article is School Lunches.
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2)、A lot of students brought lunches from home.
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3)、Chicken fingers were not served in the school lunch.
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4)、His mother likes him to drink chocolate milk.
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5)、He thought of lunch time as the best part of a day.
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45、 Mr. Hodges was the owner and editor of a small newspaper. He always tried to bring his readers the latest news.
One day, he received an exciting telephone call from someone who claimed that he had just come through a big flood in a village up in the mountains. He described the flood in great detail, and Mr. Hodges wrote it all down and printed it in his paper that evening. He was delighted to see that no other paper had got hold of the story.
Unfortunately, however, angry telephone calls soon showed that he had been tricked, so in the next day's paper he wrote: "We were the first and only newspaper to report yesterday that the village of Greenbridge had been destroyed by a flood. Today, we are proud to say that our newspaper is the first one to bring our readers the news that yesterday's story was quite false."
1)、Mr. Hodges always tries to bring to his readers a lot of pleasure.
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2)、A big flood up in the mountains was the news that someone gave Mr. Hodges one day.
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3)、After Mr. Hodges received the news, he published it right away.
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4)、Mr. Hodges found later the flood was really terrible.
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5)、Mr. Hodges is a good editor.
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46、 On Christmas Eve─the night before Christmas Day─children all over Britain put a stocking at the end of their beds before they go to sleep. Their parents usually tell them that Father Christmas will come during the night.
Father Christmas is very kind and hearted. He gets to the top of each house and climbs down the chimney into the fireplace. He fills each of the stockings with Christmas presents.
Of course, Father Christmas isn't real. In Jim and Kate's house, "Father Christmas" is really Mr Green. Mr Green doesn't climb down the chimney. He waits until the children are asleep. Then he quietly goes into their bedrooms and fills their stockings with small presents. When they were very young, Mr Green sometimes wore a red coat. But he doesn't do that now. The children are no longer young, and they know who "Father Christmas" really is. But they still put their stockings at the end of their beds.
1)、Christmas Eve is the night before Christmas Day.
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2)、Father Christmas often puts presents under children's beds.
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3)、When the children were very young,they knew who put the presents into their stockings.
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4)、When the children are older, they know that Father Christmas is really their father.
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5)、People tell children that Father Christmas comes into the house through the chimney.
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47、 He has done what Mohammed Ali did for boxing, Michael Jordan for basketball, Roger Federer for tennis and Tiger Woods for golf. Twenty-three-year-old Michael Phelps has become a phenomenon in swimming.
At the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, he won eight gold medals. That was more than the whole Australian team could put together. He beat Mark Spitz's 1972 record of seven wins in the pool at the one Games. Phelps has put his name next to seven world records.
Nine days, 17 games, morning and night he competed and won. He had to beat former world record-holders and gold medalists. He had to turn their wins into old news.
"I'm just lucky to have the drive that I have, the talent that I have and the excitement for the sport," Phelps said after winning his last medal.
After the Olympics, swimming will not be in the news so much. But Phelps has decided to keep working to popularize it.
"I don't want this sport to be an every-four-years sport," Phelps said. "Over the past four years, it's skyrocketed. I'm honored to help this sport for the next generation of swimmers who will have it better than I have."
1)、Phelps is a swimmer.
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2)、Roger Federer is famous for tennis.
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3)、"竞争"is closest in meaning to the underlined word "phenomenon".
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4)、Phelps wants to change swimming to an every-four-years sport.
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5)、"Swimming is going to be popular" can be the most suitable title for this article.
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48、 A couple of months ago, I went to a department store to buy a few things for the house. I needed a set of curtains for the living room, two table lamps, a rug and several cushions. I asked them to deliver the things as soon as possible, but they said that they were unable to send them out until 20 days later. After about 3 weeks, I received only the curtains and table lamps. I was a little disappointed when I didn't receive all the items I had bought. But nevertheless, I was eager to see what the curtains and lamps looked like. I first opened the package with the curtains. I had bought a lovely light blue, and instead they had sent me a horrible dark purple. Well, you can just imagine how angry I was. Then I opened the boxes with the lamps. They were exactly what I'd ordered. But one of the lamp shapes was damaged. The next I did was to telephone them to complain. They promised to come and pick them up immediately and also to replace them with the correct order. It has been two weeks since my complaint. They have neither picked up the wrong items nor sent me the rest of my order.
1)、The woman want the store to deliver the items was in a couple of weeks.
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2)、The woman was pleased when she saw the items they had delivered.
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3)、Her complaint was ignored in the end.
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4)、After three weeks, the woman received only the curtains and table lamps.
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5)、Besides curtains, table lamps, the woman bought a cushion.
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49、There are three kinds of goals: short-term, medium-range and long-term goals.
Short-term goals are those that usually deal with current activities, which we can apply on a daily basis. Such goals can be achieved in a week or less, or two weeks, or possibly, months. It should be remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundation, long-term goals cannot amount to very munch without the achievement of solid short-term goals. Upon completing our short-term goals, we should date the occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have been completed.
The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals. They might deal with just one term of school or the entire school year, or they could even extend for several years. Any time you move a step at a time, you should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmed. As you complete each step, you will enforce the belief in your ability to grow and succeed. And as your list of completion dates grow, your motivation and desire will increase.
Long-term goals may be related to our dreams of the future. They might cover five years or more. Life is not a static thing. We should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action.
1)、Our long-term goals mean a lot _______.
A.if we cannot reach solid short-term goals
B.if we complete the short-term goals
C.if we have dreams of the future
D.if we put forward some plans
答案:
2)、New short-term goals are built upon______.
A.a daily basis
B.your achievement in a week
C.current activities
D.the goals that have been completed
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3)、When we complete each step of our goals, ________.
A.we will win final success
B.we are overwhelmed
C.we will build up our confidence to achieve success
D.we should have strong desire for setting new goals
答案:
4)、What is the main idea of this passage? _______
A.Life is a dynamic thing.
B.We should set up long-term goals.
C.Different kinds of goals in life.
D.The limitation of long-term goals.
答案:
5)、Which of the following statements is wrong according to the passage? _______
A.The long-term goals cannot amount to very much without achieving short-term goals.
B.The intermediate goals build on the foundation of the short-term goals.
C.Life is a static thing, thus never allowing a long-term goal to limit us.
D.We should often add new short-term goals to what have been completed.
答案:C
50、What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is “no”. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.
The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the Theory of Relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, and Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations.
1)、What makes a scientist according to the passage? ________
A.The tools he uses.
B.The way he uses his tools.
C.His ways of learning.
D.The various tools he uses.
答案:
2)、The underlined part in the passage shows_______.
A.the importance of information
B.the importance of thinking
C.the difference between scientists and ordinary people
D.the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs
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3)、A sound scientific theory should be one that _________.
A.works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times
B.does not allow any changes even under different conditions
C.can be used for many purposes
D.leaves no room for improvement
答案:
4)、The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate __________.
A.that measurements are keys to success in science
B.that accuracy of mathematics
C.that investigations are important in science
D.that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations
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5)、What is the main idea of the passage? ________
A.The theory of relativity.
B.Exactness is the core of science.
C.Scientists are different from ordinary people.
D.Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist.
答案:

51、When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using. The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses.
What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married couples - people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to another. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money do not want to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they have enough money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture than they could afford to buy.
One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don’t like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not sure what their neighbors might think.
1)、Which of the following has become one of America’s fastest growing businesses?
A.Selling home furnishings.
B.Renting furnished apartments.
C.Selling used furniture.
D.Renting home furnishings.
答案:
2)、Why do some people prefer to rent furniture?
A.Because the furniture they get in this way is new.
B.Because it saves them a lot of money.
C.Because it saves them much trouble and money.
D.Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way.
答案:
3)、What can you infer from the passage?
A.The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.
B.Renting furniture is not popular in the couple’s home town.
C.Only those who don’t have enough money to rent furniture.
D.People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.
答案:
4)、Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?
A.Rent or Buy?
B.A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings.
C.Furnished Apartments.
D.A New Idea.
答案:
5)、Young people liked renting home furniture because_________
A.they have less money.
B.they don’t want to buy old furniture.
C.the new furniture is of good quality.
D.they don’t have much money and don’t want to buy the cheap furniture.
答案:
52、Once James Thornhill, a famous English painter, was asked to paint some pictures on the walls of the king's palace in England.
Then workers were sent for and a big platform(台子)was made.
With the help of a worker, Thornhill started painting on the platform. They worked for a whole year and at last the pictures were ready.
Thornhill was happy when he looked at the pictures, for they were really beautiful. He looked at them for a long time, and then took one step back and looked again. Now the pictures were even more beautiful. He took another step, then another. Finally he was at the very edge of the platform, but he didn't know it because he was thinking of his pictures.
The worker saw everything. "What should I do?" he thought. "Thornhill was at the very edge of the platform. If I cry out, he will take another step, fall off it and surely be killed. "So the worker quickly took some paint(漆)and threw it at the pictures.
"What are you doing?" cried the painter, running quickly forward to his pictures.
1)、James Thornhill was an English ______.
A.worker
B.artist
C.king
D.writer
答案:
2)、He was ordered to ______.
A.paint the wall of the king's palace in England
B.paint some pictures on the wall of the palace
C.build a big platform in front of the palace
D.put up some new pictures on the old wall
答案:
3)、It took them ______ to finish the pictures.
A.a month
B.a week
C.twelve months
D.half a month
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4)、James Thornhill felt that the ______ he was from the pictures, the ______ they were.
A.nearer…more beautiful
B.farther…more ugly
C.farther…more beautiful
D.higher above…more good-looking
答案:
5)、The worker threw some paint at the pictures in order to ______.
A.save James' life
B.destroy the picture
C.make the picture more beautiful
D.make the king angry
答案:
53、When I was a little girl, my brothers and I collected stamps for many years. My mother didn't use to work during the week, but she worked in the post office near our house on Saturdays, and she used to bring home all the new stamps as soon as they were issued (发行).
On the day of the World Cup football final in London in 1966, we were very excited because England were playing West Germany in the final. When we were having lunch, my mother told us to go to the post office straightaway after the match if England won, but she didn't tell us why. At 2 o'clock my mother went back to work as usual, while the rest of the family were watching the football on TV at home. Although she wasn't watching the match, she was listening to it on the radio.
England won 4:2 and so my brothers and I ran to the post office. As we burst in, my mother was standing behind the counter. She was waiting to sell us a very special limited edition with ENGLAND WINNERSon each stamp. We were over the moon.
We still have it today,and perhaps it is worth a lot of money.
1)、This passage mainly tells us ______.
A.the author and her brother used to like stamps very much
B.the author had a very kind mother
C.the author and her brothers had an unforgettable experience in collecting stamps
D.their mother used to support them by working in the post office
答案:
2)、According to the passage, her mother worked in the post office ______.
A.during the week
B.on Saturdays
C.on Sundays
D.for six days
答案:B
3)、Their mother told them to go to the post office straightaway after the match if England won, but she didn't tell them why. Why do you think she did that?
A.She wanted to give them a surprise.
B.She doubted if she would get the stamps.
C.She forgot to do that.
D.She thought it unnecessary to tell them the reason.
答案:
4)、What does the sentence "We were over the moon." mean?
A.We jumped high.
B.We were extremely happy about it.
C.We watched the moon for a long time.
D.We couldn't sleep the whole night.
答案:
5)、What is the best title for this passage?
A.My Childhood
B.My Mother
C.A Precious Stamp
D.A Memorable Experience in Collecting Stamps
答案:
54、In the United States, it is not customary to telephone someone very early in the morning. If you telephone him early in the day, while he is shaving or having breakfast, the time of the call shows that the matter is very important and requires immediate attention. The same meaning is attached to telephone calls made after 11:00 pm. If someone receives a call during sleeping hours, he assumes it's a matter of life or death. The time chosen for the call communicates its importance.
In social life, time plays a very important part. In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are not highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date. But it is not true in all countries. In other areas of the world, it may be considered foolish to make an appointment too far in advance because plans which are made for a date more than a week away tend to be forgotten. The meaning of time differs in different parts of the world. Thus, misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures that treat time differently. Promptness is valued highly in American life, for example. If people are not prompt, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible. In the U.S. no one would think of keeping a business associate waiting for an hour, it would be too impolite. A person, who is 5 minutes late, will say a few words of explanation, though perhaps he will not complete the sentence.
1)、What is the main idea of this passage? ________
A.It is not customary to telephone someone in the morning and in sleeping hours in the U.S.
B.The role of time in social life over the world.
C.If people are late, they may be regarded as impolite or not fully responsible in the U.S.
D.Not every country treats the concept of time as the same.
答案:
2)、What does it mean in the passage if you call someone during his or her sleeping hours? _______
A.A matter of work.
B.A matter of life or death.
C.You want to see him or her.
D.You want to make an appointment with him or her.
答案:
3)、Which of the following time is proper if you want to make an appointment with your friend in the U.S. A.?
A.at 7:00 am
B.at 4:00 pm
C.at the midnight
D.at 4 am
答案:
4)、Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? ________
A.In the U.S.A. guests tend to feel they are highly regarded if the invitation to a dinner party is extended only three or four days before the party date.
B.No misunderstandings arise between people from different cultures about the concept of time.
C.It may be considered foolish to make an appointment well in advance in the U.S.A..
D.Promptness is valued highly in American life.
答案:
5)、From the passage we can safely infer that _______
A.it’s a matter of life or death if you call someone in day time.
B.the meaning of time differs in different parts of the world.
C.it makes no difference in the U.S. whether you are early or late for a business party.
D.if a person is late for a date, he needn’t make some explanation.
答案:
55、 These days, more and more young people wish to be more beautiful, so they turn to plastic surgery(整形手术)for help. They spend thousands of Yuan on these painful surgeries to fix their nose, to change their eyelids(眼皮)or to take off weight from their stomachs.
In fact, most people are not pleased with the way they look. Even the most beautiful actresses often wish they could change something about their looks. Should we live our whole lives believing we are ugly? Why can't we raise our head high and believe that we are as beautiful as others? A smile is beautiful on any face, whether fat, oily or hairy. And a kind heart is much more beautiful than a pretty look.
So, let's feel grateful that we all have beautiful and healthy bodies that do not need surgeries! Today, I call on you to make an easy change: Hold your head high! Smile and be kind to others. If you do these, you will be full of confidence, beauty, and warmth everywhere you go.
1)、People think they can eat less to make their dreams come true.
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2)、Young people are more and more interested in plastic surgeries.
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3)、We can feel great if we hold our head up.
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4)、The writer suggests we should believe we are as beautiful as others.
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5)、Actresses never worry about their looks.
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