国开电大管理英语3单元自测5答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

"题目:_____ is known to all, too much fat causes heart problems.
: It
; As
; Just as"
"题目:— Do you mind if I smoke here?

—__________________
: No, thanks.
; Yes, please.
; Yes, better not."
"题目:— Does she speak French or German?

— She doesn't, _____.
: either
; neither
; none"
"题目:— If you invite a Muslim to dinner, what are you advised not to order for him?

— _____________
: chicken
; pork.
; mutton."
"题目:— Jack won't like the film, you know.

—___________________ I don't care what Jack thinks!
: So why?
; So what?
; So how?"
"题目:— What vegetables are in season now?

— Radish and carrot,_____.
: I know
; I see
; I think"
"题目:—What do you think about Japanese food?

—____________________
: Overall, the diet there is a healthy one-- low fat.
; Public environment has been greatly improved.
; I didn't have much time to prepare food, so I ate out a lot."
"题目:A vegetarian diet consists of the following EXCEPT ___________.
: meat
; vegetable
; fruit"
"题目:All things ______ ,the planned flight will have to be cancelled.
: be considered
; considered
; considering"
"题目:I ________ a book when the telephone______.
: was reading…rang
; read…rang
; was reading…was ringing"
"题目:I don't think anyone can accuse him ____________ not being honest.
: of
; with
; about"
"题目:I'm used to____________up early now.
: get
; getting
; to get"
"题目:The machine _____this morning for no reason.
: broke off
; broke out
; broke up"
"题目:This is the book ______I have learned a lot.
: to which
; by whom
; from which"
"题目:We have spent all of our spare time, ______ , our spare money, on the project.
: as soon as
; as long as
; as well as"

"二、翻译

为下面的句子选择正确的翻译(每题10分)。

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. Not only does the offending company suffer losses, but the whole milk market suffers a sharp drop in sales. {A; B; C}

A. 违规公司没有遭受损失,但是整个奶制品市场的销售额大幅下降。

B. 不仅违规公司而且整个奶制品市场都遭受损失,销售额大幅下降。

C. 不仅违规公司遭受损失,而且整个奶制品市场的销售额也大幅下降。

2. But at the moment the industrial standards are too low to stop these problems from occurring. {A; B; C}

A. 但目前行业标准太低, 所以要阻止这些问题的发生。

B. 但目前行业标准太低, 无法阻止这些问题的发生。

C. 虽然目前行业标准太低, 但是能够阻止这些问题的发生。

3. A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the food. {A; B; C}

A. 经常困扰食品公司的一个问题是, 如何控制对食物造成破坏的老鼠和昆虫。

B. 经常困扰食品公司的一个问题是, 如何控制老鼠和昆虫,同时又不会对食物造成破坏。

C. 经常困扰食品公司的一个问题是, 如何控制老鼠和昆虫,虽然它们不会对食物造成破坏。

4. The area of grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live. {A; B; C}

A. 长草的区域应该小一些,不给害虫生存的空间。

B. 草地的面积小一些,就不会给害虫生存的地方。

C. 害虫总是找到生存的空间,所以草的区域应尽可能小。

5. Community service is a way for a person to give back to a community in which they live. {A; B; C}

A. 社区服务是一个人退居社区的一种方式。

B. 社区服务是一个人回报他们所居住社区的一种方式。

C. 社区服务是一个人把自己还给社区的一种方式。"
"二、听力理解

听对话录音,根据对话内容判断正误(每题10分)。

TASK3_TEST.MP3

操作提示:句子正确选择下拉选项框为“T”;句子错误选择下拉选项框为“F”。

1. Helen is worried about food safety. {T; F}

2. So far, the contaminated baby milk hasn't caused any deaths yet. {T; F}

3. Food incidents occur not as often nowadays as before. {T; F}

4. Food safety is an old problem. {T; F}

5. Public confidence in the milk industry will be back soon. {T; F}"
"二、听力理解

听对话录音,根据对话内容判断正误(每题10分)。

TASK4_TEST.MP3

操作提示:句子正确选择下拉选项框为“T”;句子错误选择下拉选项框为“F”。

1. Michael is still drinking Koukou Old Yogurt these days. {T; F}

2. Industrial gelatin has reportedly been added into Koukou Old Yogurt. {T; F}

3. There are heavy metals in the yogurt under discussion. {T; F}

4. Food safety issues seem to be somewhat outstanding nowadays. {T; F}

5. At present people eat very little processed food. {T; F}"
"二、听力理解

听对话录音,根据对话内容完成下方题目(每题10分)。

TASK4_TEST.MP3

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. The problem with Koukou Old Yogurt is that it contains __________. {A; B; C}

A. processed food

B. leather products

C. industrial gelatin

2. We can infer from the dialog that lead is __________. {A; B; C}

A. a heavy metal

B. processed food

C. a company manager

3. According to Michael, food safety problems can't be prevented because __________. {A; B; C}

A. there aren't any industrial standards

B. the industrial standards are too high

C. the industrial standards are too low

4. Melinda's solution to the food safety problem is __________. {A; B; C}

A. punishing the companies concerned severely

B. sending a text message to the companies concerned

C. sending a text message to all the other companies

5. In the dialog, _send a clear message_ to means to __________. {A; B; C}

A. publish

B. warn

C. inform"
"二、完型填空(每空10分)。

操作提示:通过题目中的下拉选项框选择恰当的词语补全填空。

Fruit is good for people. Many people eat some {fruit; pears; apples} every day. Mr. Black and Mrs. Black like fruit very much and every Monday Mrs. Black goes to buy some fruit in the shop near her house. The man in the shop knows her well and helps a lot. She can buy all {kind; pieces; kinds} of fruit there, like apples, pears, oranges and bananas. In different time of the year the {prices; price; value} of each kind of fruit is not the {good; bad; same}, sometimes high, something low. Mrs. Black likes to buy cheap fruit. But Mr. Black likes bananas only. She buys bananas for him every week. She only buys cheap {fruit; goods; products} for herself."
"二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容,完成相应的选择题。(每题10分)
FOOD SAFETY
A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the food. Pest control experts say poisons should never be used where they may enter food. They say the first line of defense against pests is to clean the places where the food is handled or stored.

Floors, food preparation surfaces and tools can be disinfected with chemicals like chlorine, iodine or bromine. Food containers should be stored about half a meter off the ground and about half a meter away from any walls. Storage areas should be kept dry and clean.

Containers for raw materials such as rice, wheat, etc. should be kept closed and clean. Any foodstuff split during delivery or handling should be cleared up both inside and outside the building. Pests enter a building from the outside, so pay attention to outer walls. Small stones can be used to cover the ground and block the growth of plants and the grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live.

Check that doors and windows are completely closed. Also any hole that might allow pests to enter a building should be filled. Rats can enter through a hole the size of a coin. A mouse can pass through a hole half that size.

Supervisors should make a list of pest control measures to be taken by employees. This will aid the efforts and also help prepare for any inspections. In most countries, there is a food and drug administration bureau, or some agency with a similar name, which enforces rules nationwide, responsible for rules about the use of pesticides, etc. However, businesses where food is stored, prepared or sold must also follow state and local health laws. Most of these governmental departments or bureaus have their websites with information about food safety policies and other issues. People can easily access the information.

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. According to pest control experts, why should poisons never be used in food companies? {A; B; C}

A. Because they may enter food.

B. Because they may kill rats.

C. Because they may be harmful to the plants.

2. What is the first line of defense against pests? {A; B; C}

A. To check that doors and windows are completely closed.

B. To clean the places where food is handled or stored.

C. To fill any hole that might allow pests to enter a building.

3. How can floors, food preparation surfaces and tools be disinfected? {A; B; C}

A. With smoke.

B. With water.

C. With chemicals.

4. Why should attention be paid to outer walls? {A; B; C}

A. To prevent pests from entering a building from outside.

B. To keep moist from entering a building from outside.

C. To stop sun rays from entering a building from outside.

5. What dose the passage mainly talk about? {A; B; C}

A. Why poisons should never be used where they may enter food.

B. Why the growth of plants should be blocked and grass be kept short.

C. How to control rats and insects without harming the food."
"二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容,完成相应的选择题。(每题10分)
FOOD SAFETY
A question that often troubles food companies is how to control problems like rats and insects without harming the food. Pest control experts say poisons should never be used where they may enter food. They say the first line of defense against pests is to clean the places where the food is handled or stored.

Floors, food preparation surfaces and tools can be disinfected with chemicals like chlorine, iodine or bromine. Food containers should be stored about half a meter off the ground and about half a meter away from any walls. Storage areas should be kept dry and clean.

Containers for raw materials such as rice, wheat, etc. should be kept closed and clean. Any foodstuff split during delivery or handling should be cleared up both inside and outside the building. Pests enter a building from the outside, so pay attention to outer walls. Small stones can be used to cover the ground and block the growth of plants and the grass should be kept short to deny pests a place to live.

Check that doors and windows are completely closed. Also any hole that might allow pests to enter a building should be filled. Rats can enter through a hole the size of a coin. A mouse can pass through a hole half that size.

Supervisors should make a list of pest control measures to be taken by employees. This will aid the efforts and also help prepare for any inspections. In most countries, there is a food and drug administration bureau, or some agency with a similar name, which enforces rules nationwide, responsible for rules about the use of pesticides, etc. However, businesses where food is stored, prepared or sold must also follow state and local health laws. Most of these governmental departments or bureaus have their websites with information about food safety policies and other issues. People can easily access the information.

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. Where, according to Pest control experts, should poisons never be used? {A; B; C}

A. Where food may be contaminated.

B. Where there are few rats.

C. Where children may get hands on them.

2. From the text, we know that like chlorine, iodine or bromine are all __________. {A; B; C}

A. foods

B. chemicals

C. fruits

3. Outer walls are built ___________. {A; B; C}

A. to prevent pests from entering a building from outside.

B. to protect rice and wheat from rain and wind.

C. to block the growth of plants.

4. Why is it necessary for supervisors to make a list of pest control measures? {A; B; C}

A. To follow state and local health laws.

B. To be carried by employees.

C. To help control pests and help prepare for any inspection.

5. The responsibilities of a food and drug administration bureau is __________. {A; B; C}

A. to set up rules about the use of pesticides and enforces them all over the country.

B. to make sure any hole that might allow pests to enter a building should be filled.

C. to check that doors and windows are completely closed."
"二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容判断文章后的句子是正确(T)还是错误(F)。(每题10分)
THE INTERNATIONAL FOOD SAFETY AUTHORITIES NETWORK (INFOSAN)
With the rapid globalization of food production and trade, international issues related to food safety are likely to increase. Food safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levels. There is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issues, and sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place.

INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This global network includes 181 Member States. Each has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities.

The network aims to:

• Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events;

• Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest;

• Promote partnership and cooperation between countries;

• Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks.

As part of its routine activities, the INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues.

INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its members. It is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared.

INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations program. INFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern.

操作提示:句子正确选择下拉选项框为“T”;句子错误选择下拉选项框为“F”。

1. It is probable that there will be more and more safety related issues worldwide. {T; F}

2. Food safety authorities in each country believe that food safety problems should be solved within their country. {T; F}

3. The major duty of the INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point in each FAO member state is to manage communication between national food safety authorities. {T; F}

4. Public health organizations can get findings of investigations and strategies for food safety improvement from INFOSAN. {T; F}

5. INFOSAN monitors possible international events concerning food safety independently. {T; F}"

二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容,完成相应的选择题。(每题10分)
The International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN)

  With the rapid globalization of food production and trade, international issues related to food safety are likely to increase. Food safety authorities all over the world have realized that food safety problems should be carried out at both national and international levels. There is a pressing need for exchanging routine information on food safety issues, and sharing experiences and information quickly when a food safety related event takes place.

  INFOSAN is a joint program between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This global network includes 181 Member States. Each has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point which manages communication between national food safety authorities.

  The network aims to:

  • Promote the rapid exchange of information during food safety related events;

  • Share information on important food safety related issues of global interest;

  • Promote partnership and cooperation between countries;

  • Help countries strengthen their capacity to manage food safety risks.

  As part of its routine activities, the INFOSAN Secretariat publishes reports in six languages and provides members with summaries and guidance on relevant food safety issues.

  INFOSAN helps exchange food safety information and experience among its members. It is also a useful resource for other public health organizations which recognize INFOSAN as an organization through which findings of investigations and strategies for improving food safety may be shared.

  INFOSAN monitors possible international food safety related events in close cooperation with the WHO Alert and Response Operations program. INFOSAN can work with other international organizations to provide assistance to the countries or regions with emerging food safety events of possible international concern.

 

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. The need for regular exchange of information on food safety issues is __________ when a food safety related event emerges.
回答

 A. unnecessary

 B. urgent

 C. unimportant

2. It is __________ that international issues related to food safety will increase.
回答

 A. unlikely

 B. impossible

 C. probable

3. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out the food safety problem __________.
回答

 A. with WHO

 B. alone

 C. successfully

4. INFOSAN is responsible for the following EXCEPT __________.
回答

 A. promoting information exchange

 B. helping countries manage food safety risks

 C. promoting trade between countries

5.__________ has a designated INFOSAN Emergency Contact Point for communication between national food safety authorities.
回答

 A. Every member state of INFOSAN

 B. Every member state of FAO

 C. Every member state of WHO

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