国开电大商务英语3单元自测2答案

"题目:—                      

— Thank you. I must say I have a great staff.
: I'd like you to meet Joe Stevens. He's our sales team head. The Sales Department has more than 50 employees.
; Please allow me to introduce my colleague to you. She is the Purchasing Manager.
; It's a pleasure to meet you, Ben. So you're the one responsible for those outstanding sales figures I've seen."
"题目:—                      

— We are headquartered in Shanghai.
: How about the departmental structure in the headquarters?
; What is your company profile?
; Where are your headquarters?"
"题目:—                      

— Well, it is a separate department. But there are two laboratories, one at each production plant. 
: What about the training manager and the human resources manager?
; What about the board of directors and the chairman?
; What about the Research and Development Department?"
"题目:—                      

— Yes, certainly. We are a medium firm with about two thousand people in two different plants.
: Do you have totally nine departments in your company?
; Could you tell me how your company is actually organized?
; Can you tell me a little more about the four branch offices?"
"题目:— Kathy,I'd like you to meet Maggie Jacobs.

—                      , Maggie. You're doing a great job.
: I'm pleased to meet you
; It's great to see you again
; I'm happy to meet you too"
"题目:Being an         manager means knowing when to use the right management style.
: affective
; valid
; effective"
"题目:Finally, they return the        to the people who bought shares in the company.
: cost
; price
; profits"
"题目:I didn't know you ______ a previous supplier. 
: were
; be
; are"
"题目:Sometimes a situation will         a direct style of management.
: call up
; call for
; call on"
"题目:They ______ over at great length the matter of how to increase the sale of your products last night.
: talk
; have talked
; talked"
"题目:What ______ we do if the company cut down on ads?
: could
; will
; shall"
"题目:You just send the faulty product back to them and they        it free of charge.
: will replace
; replace
; have replaced"
"题目:Young people can learn how entrepreneurship works by        their own companies.
: operate
; operating
; being operating"
"题目:Your T shirts found a ready market in the eastern part of our country ______ 2014.
: on
; in
; at"

"阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容给题目选择正确的答案。(每题10分)

THREE EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT STYLES

  Being an effective manager means knowing when to use the right management style. Some styles, for instance, are more people-oriented, while others tend to focus on a project or product. The management style you select will depend on your people skills and knowledge, available resources (like time and money), desired results, and, of course, the task before you. The common management styles can be summarized into three categories.

  The participatory style is the first of its kind. Here, it is critical to give each employee an entire task to complete. If that’s not possible, make sure the individual knows and understands his or her part as it relates to the project or task. When people in your team know where they fit in the big picture, they’re more likely to be motivated to complete the task. 

  Following that, we have the directing style. Sometimes a situation will call for a direct style of management. Perhaps a tight deadline looms, or the project involves numerous employees and requires a top-down management approach. Here, a manager answers five questions for the employees: What? Where? How? Why? and When? Let employees know what they need to do, how they’re going to do it, and when the questions must be finished. 

  The last one is the teamwork style. If you want to speed up a project and choose the best process for completing that project, managing by teamwork is the way to go. When you motivate people to pool their knowledge, the results may exceed your expectations. Often, teams can tackle problems more quickly than what you can accomplish on your own. The give-and-take can create a process that you can repeat in other projects.

 

1. Being an effective manager lies in knowing the right _____.{A; B; C}

A. knowledge

B. skills

C. management style

2. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a focus of different management styles?{A; B; C}

A. People.             

B. Customers.

C. Project.                 

3. Which of the following can’t be inferred from the passage?{A; B; C}

A. The management style is likely to change because the manager has been replaced.

B. The management style is likely to change because the desired results have changed.

C. The management style is likely to change because the available resources have changed.

4. When people in your team know where they fit in the big picture, they are more likely to be _____ to complete the task.{A; B; C}

A. frustrated  

B. reluctant

C. inspired

5. If you want to speed up a project and choose the best process for completing that project, you can resort to _____.{A; B; C}

A. team work

B. top-down management

C. tight deadline"
"阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容判断文章后的句子是正确(T)还是错误(F)。(每题10分)

LEARNING BUSINESS SKILLS THROUGH JUNIOR ACHIEVEMENT

  Junior Achievement is an international movement to educate young people about business and economics for the purpose of helping them prepare to succeed in a world economy.11 The organization is the largest of its kind.

  Junior Achievement has gone through different stages in its development. 12 It was started by two business leaders, Horace Moses and Theodore Vail, and Senator Murray Crane in 1919 in Springfield, Massachusetts. The organization started with a small number of children aged ten to twelve. For more than 50 years, Junior Achievement programs met after school as a group of business clubs. But in 1975, Junior Achievement began to offer classes during school hours. Many more young people joined the organization once it began to teach business skills as part of the school day. In 2004, Junior Achievement Worldwide was formed.

  The Junior Achievement programs teach about businesses, how they are organized, and how products are made and sold.13 The programs also teach about the American and world economies and business operations. Young people can learn how entrepreneurship works by operating their own companies. For instance, the students develop a product and sell shares in their company. They use the money to buy the materials they need to make their product, which they then sell. Finally, they return the profits to the people who bought shares in the company. It is reported that in the United States alone, there are more than 22,000 places that hold Junior Achievement events currently. According to Junior Achievement, about 287,000 volunteers support its programs around the world.

  1. This passage is about Junior Achievement,an international movement to educate young people about businesses and economics.{T; F}

  2. Junior Achievement was started by two business leaders in Massachusetts.{T; F}

  3. Classes during school hours have been available in Junior Achievement for more than 60 years.{T; F}

  4. Junior Achievement has been worldwide since 1919.{T; F}

  5. Volunteers of Junior Achievement teach about the American and world economies and business operations.{T; F}"

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