国开电大英语Ⅱ(1) 开放英语3 unit6答案

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"__ tried to take action to stop it.
: The authority
; The authorities
; Authorities"
"__ you involved in the matter?
: Have
; Are
; Do"
"All the airports in the country are working __ today.
: normally
; correctly
; regularly"
"Are you aware __ what you have said?
: for
; of
; about"
"Does the restaurant have a non-smoking __?
: part
; section
; place"
"He  __ about the time of the train.
: required
; requested
; enquired"
"He __ his wallet in the street yesterday.
: was robbed of
; was robbed
; was robbed off"
"He __ when we were at a meeting.
: burst in
; burst to
; burst into"
"He is a man of __.
: a high intelligence
; high intelligences
; high intelligence"
"He spent __ day in his room.
: whole
; an entire
; the all"
"Her uncle takes a__ interest in her progress.
: private
; personal
; own"
"I can’t put __ what he said.
: on with
; up for
; up with"
"I met my old friend __ in the street yesterday.
: by chance
; by the chance
; by a chance"
"I think music can __ your pain.
: reduce
; decrease
; lessen"
"I was very much __ by his word.
: hurt
; injured
; damaged"
"My dog will __ by my friend when I am on holiday.
: is cared for
; be looked after
; be taken care"
"The girl __ his father.
: looked on to
; looked up to
; looked up on"
"The girl is keen __ music.
: for
; on
; to"
"The girl was __ about her new toy.
: over the moon
; above the moon
; on the moon"
"The photograph seems quite __.
: current
; present
; recent"
"The teacher __ for breaking the window.
: told off him
; told him out
; told him off"
"They  _ for almost two years.
: got married
; married
; have been married"
"They __ the old house and built a restaurant.
: demolished
; damaged
; hurt"
"They are doing some __ on AIDS.
: research
; investigation
; search"
"They had a good time at the __.
: fun fair
; funfair
; funny fair"
"Tom __ Helen four years ago.
: married
; married with
; married to"
"We __ each other for almost three years.
: was in love for
; have been in love with
; fell in love with"
"We are all  __ being a Chinese.
: proud to
; proud for
; proud of"
"We are trying to __ funds for the poor people.
: raise
; collect
; pay"
"What has __ to the woman?
: occurred
; taken place
; happened"
"What he said __ all the people in the office.
: were amusing
; amused
; was amused"
"What you said __ the mater.
: is not related for
; is not relevant for
; is not relevant to"
"Would you like __ more drinks?
: a little
; a slight
; a bit of"
"You can ask the driver to __ at the station.
: drop you off
; drop you down
; drop off you"

"题目:________fine weather it is!
: What
; What a
; How
; How a"
"题目:---What’s happened to Tom?
: He’s been taken
; He’ll be taken
; He’ll take"
"题目:Don’t worry. There is ______ room for all your books here.
: more
; much
; some"
"题目:He is the man ______________ dog bit me.
: that
; which
; whose"
"题目:He said that he ______ already _______ the English film.
: has; seen
; has; see
; had; seen"
"题目:Her parents died when she was very young, so she was ______by her aunt.
: brought up
; brought out
; grown up"
"题目:I am leaving for New York ______________ three days time.
: x
; at
; in"
"题目:I broke my leg when I ______________ skiing in America.
: x
; is
; was"
"题目:I can do that job ______________ myself.
: by
; on
; with"
"题目:I don’t suppose he will attend the meeting, ______?
: won’t he
; do I
; don’t I"
"题目:I have _____ finished the report.
: yet
; already
; still"
"题目:I have given ______________ eating meat.
: over
; down
; up"
"题目:I know it isn’t important but I can’t help ______ about it.
: but to think
; thinking
; to think"
"题目:I prefer the TV ______________ the radio.
: to
; on
; x"
"题目:I’m in Greece at the moment. I like the weather _________.
: here
; there
; that"
"题目:I’m tired. I ______________ working very hard.
: have
; have been
; had"
"题目:It happened ________ a winter night.
: at
; in
; on"
"题目:My father______________ take me to work with him when I was a child.
: did
; used
; would"
"题目:Next year, I ______________ plan to go to Italy.
: am
; x
; have"
"题目:Not only I but also Jane and Mary _______ tired of having one examination after another.
: is
; are
; be"
"题目:She ______________ talking when I am watching TV.
: always
; keeps
; forever"
"题目:She has brought ______________ two children by herself.
: x
; up
; on"
"题目:She has lived here ______________ three years.
: since
; for
; during"
"题目:That’s all settled. It _____ talked about.
: shouldn’t
; mustn’t be
; needn’t be"
"题目:The English teacher isn’t here. She __________ to the office.
: has been
; has gone
; went"
"题目:Those cakes look nice. Can I have______________?
: one
; it
; x"
"题目:We __________ every day when we were children.
: used to swim
; used to swimming
; use to swim"

"  As an American writer, Mark Twain, once said, “Everybody talks about the weather, but nobody (1) _____ anything about it.” It is true that everybody talks about the weather. Many people begin their talks (2) _____ saying: Isn’t it a nice (3) _____ ?” “Do you think it will rain?” “I think it’s going to snow.”
Many people think they can tell (4) _____ the weather is going to be like. But they (5)_____ ever agree with each other. One man may say, “Do you see how cloudy it is in the east? It’s going to have fine weather tomorrow.” Another man (6) _____ say, “Yes, it’s cloudy in the east. We are going to have fine weather tomorrow.”
People often look for the weather they want. When a farmer needs water, he looks for something to tell him it’s going to rain and he won’t believe (7) _____ else. When friends have a picnic, they are so (8)_____ the weather is going to be fine very (9)_____ that they sit eating their lunch while it is raining.
Almost everyone listens to what the weatherman says. But he doesn’t always tell us what we want, and sometimes he makes a mistake. Still, he is (10) _____ most of the time.

1.A. do                         B. did                       C. does

2.A. through                 B. by                        C. across

3.A. day                       B. weather               C. thing

4.A. how                      B. when                    C. what

5.A. never                    B. all                        C. hardly

6.A. will                        B. would                   C. can

7.A. something            B. anything               C. everything

8.A. true                      B. certainly                C. sure

9.A. slowly                   B. much                    C. quickly

10.A. right                    B. wrong                   C. mistken"
"  Molly Wilson (1) _____ a dancer and a mother for many years when she (2) _____ to sail round the world to raise money for charity.
As a child she (3) _____ as a ballet dancer, but at 15 she had grown too tall for classical ballet, so she (4) _____ a member of a pop dance team.
She (5) _____, and (6) _____ she had children she retired from show business to bring them (7) _____. They grew up, and when they were 18 they left home.
She says, “When I decided to do the round-the-world race, my husband thought I was bored because the children had left home. He was also worried (8) _____ I had never sailed (9) _____. I was not bored, but I (10) _____ some people who told me about the race. They had taken part in it, but they had only done one section, say, from New Zealand to Australia. I wanted to do the whole ten-month journey.3”

1) A. is         B. was                           C. has been

2) A. decides    B. decided                     C. had decided

3) A. had trained   B. had been trained         C. was trained

4) A. became      B. had become           C. has become

5) A. gets married    B. got married            C. had married

6) A. before      B. when                 C. after

7) A. down     B. up                   C. out

8) A. although     B. however         C. because

9) A. before      B. ago         C. since

10) A. met      B. had met       C. has meet"
"  Peter Blake is a successful businessman, but he (1)_____ to be very poor. He had nowhere to live and (2) _____ working in a pub when he (3) _____ to start his own business. Peter had always (4) _____ interested in plants and flowers, (5) _____ he decided to set up a company (6) _____ cared for the plants in big offices. At first he worked on his (7) _____ , but soon he took (8) _____ two people to help him. The company has been growing (9) _____ for the last ten years. Peter is now very rich, (10) _____ he complains that now he doesn’t work with plants but with a computer every day!

1)    A. would           B. use                     C. used

2)    A. did                    B. was                  C. has been

3)    A. had decided   B. decided            C. was deciding

4)    A.  was                  B. been                C. being

5)    A.  so        B. but                   C. although

6)    A.  who        B. which               C. whose

7)    A. own      B. self                   C. himself

8)    A.  up        B. over                 C. on

9)    A.--         B. up                    C. over

10)  A.  therefore   B. moreover             C. but"

"  A survey has shown that people have stopped believing both the media and politicians. A similar survey carried out 5 years ago showed that 50% of people thought that what politicians said was usually not true, and that 35% of people thought that what they saw on the television or read in newspapers was not true. Now both those figures have increased sharply, to 80% of people not believing politicians and 70% not believing the television or newspapers. Experts think that these figures are not going to come down in the near future.
Stories about politicians and journalists taking money from businessmen have caused the public to stop trusting them. Also politicians keep making promises that they do not keep. Mr Smith of York said, ‘When the politicians make new laws, they only help their friends, not people like me’. Mrs Marley of Leeds said, ‘The newspapers and television are not interested in what is true; they are only interested in money for advertising’.
It has got worse recently as more people can get news from the Internet and learn if the journalists and politicians are telling the truth or not. What can our politicians and journalists do? The only answer is to be more honest.

1.The number of people believing politicians and journalists has _______________________.
A.increased
B.not changed
C.decreased

2.Experts think this problem _______________________.

A.will get better soon
B.will not get better soon
C.will get worse soon

3.Stories say businessmen give money to _______________.
A.politicians
B.politicians and journalists
C.journalists

4.Mr Smith thinks politicians make laws ________________.

A.to help their friends
B.to help him
C.to help everybody

5.People can now check stories using __________________.

A.the newspapers
B.the television
C.the Internet

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"  In the last 500 years, nothing about people – not their clothes, ideas, or languages – has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.
The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the“Potato Famine”of 1845-6, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America.
There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the World’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.
According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a goatherd name Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

1. According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?
A.Food
B.Potato
C.Chocolate

2. “Some” in “Some still exist today” means _________.

A.some cocoa trees
B.some shops
C.some South American Indians

3. Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because _________.
A.they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else
B.the potato harvest was bad
C.the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato

4. Coffee originally came from_________.

A.Brazil
B.Colombia
C.Ethiopia

5. The Arabic legend is used to prove that _________.

A.coffee was first discovered by Kaldi
B.coffee drinks were first made by Arabs
C.coffee was first discovered in south American countries

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"  There have been changes in all sorts of different areas of British society. In recent years in the UK we have had a very large increase in the number of couples who get divorced.
After 1969 and the Divorce Law Reform Act we had a very rapid increase in the number of divorces. The rate increased steadily and in recent years has increased much more rapidly. But there are also quite a lot of people who do actually get married. At present the marriage rate in the UK is about 70 per cent, which has gone down since the number of people who marry has gone down quite a lot in the last 20 years, but more significantly in the last 10 years. Quite high proportions of people now live together without marrying, and, for example, 40 per cent of children born in the UK are born to couples who aren't married or are born to lone parents. There are quite a large number of lone parent families, 90 per cent of these are headed by a woman rather than a man.
The average family size now in the UK is 1.8 children per couple, which means that there's been quite a decline in the birth rate in the UK along with other European countries.

1.What does the passage mainly discuss?
A.The declining divorce rate in the UK.
B.Trends in marriage and divorce in the UK.
C.The increasing divorce rate in the UK.

2.During the last ten years, __________.

A.the marriage rate has gone down more rapidly in the UK
B.the marriage rate has gone up a lot in the UK
C.40% of children were born to unwed couples in the UK

3.According to the passage, the cohabitation rate in the UK tends to __________.
A.decline
B.soar (急剧上升)
C.stay stable

4.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A.The highest divorce rate was around 1969.
B.The marriage rate has gone down in recent years.
C.The marriage rate is currently 70 percent.

5.The last Para. tells us __________.

A.the birth rate in the UK is decreasing rapidly now
B.at present any family in the UK is 2 children at most
C.the birth rate in other European countries keeps increasing

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"  When I was a little girl, my brothers and I collected stamps for many years. My mother didn't use to work during the week, but she worked in the post office near our house on Saturdays, and she used to bring home all the new stamps as soon as they were issued.
On the day of the World Cup football final in London in 1966, we were very excited because England were playing West Germany in the final. When we were having lunch, my mother told us to go to the post office straightaway after the match if England won, but she didn't tell us why. At 2 o'clock my mother went back to work as usual, while the rest of the family were watching the football on TV at home. Although she wasn't watching the match, she was listening to it on the radio.
England won 4:2 and so my brothers and I ran to the post office. As we burst in, my mother was standing behind the counter. She was waiting to sell us a very special limited edition with ENGLAND WINNERS on each stamp. We were over the moon.
We still have it today,and perhaps it is worth a lot of money.

1.This passage mainly tells us __________.
A.the author and her brother used to like stamps very much
B.the author had a very kind mother
C.the author and her brother had got an unforgettable experience in collecting stamps

2.According to the passage, her mother worked in the post office ________.

A.during the week
B.on Saturdays
C.on Sundays

3.Their mother told them to go to the post office straightaway after the match if England won, but she didn't tell them why. Do you think why she did that?
A.She wanted to give them a surprise.
B.She doubted if she would get the stamps.
C.She thought it unnecessary to tell them the reason.

4.What does the sentence “We were over the moon.” mean?

A.We jumped high.
B.We were extremely happy about it.
C.We watched the moon for a long time.

5.What is the best title for this passage?

A.My Childhood
B.A Precious Stamp
C.A Memorable Experience in Collecting Stamps

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"AN EXTRAORDINARY CHANGE OF DIRECTION

Molly Wilson had been a dancer and a mother for many years when she decided TO sail round the world to raise money for charity.
As a child she had trained as a ballet dancer, but at 15 she had grown too tall for classical ballet, so she became a member of a pop dance team.
She got married, and after she had children she retired from show business to bring them up. They grew up, and when they were 18 they left home.
She says, “When I decided to do the round-the-world race, my husband thought I was bored because the children had left home. He was also worried
because I had never sailed before. I was not bored, but I had met some people who told me about the race.
They had taken part in it, but they had only done one section, say, from New Zealand to Australia. I wanted to do the whole ten-month journey.”
Before Molly left she did a lot of training, but it hadn’t prepared her for the worst weather which they experienced. She tells one story. “One night the sea was very rough and it was very cold. I had gone downstairs when a huge wave smashed into the boat and injured two men on the deck. One of the men couldn’t move because he had broken his leg. They were taken to hospital by helicopter. That was the worst time.”
By the end of October last year, she had raised more than £50,000 for charity.
She says, “Sometimes I ask myself, what did I do? How did I do it? But then I think, it’s the same as being a dancer. Before I left on the trip, I had trained hard. I had got very fit and had prepared myself completely. Then on the trip I was simply a good team member.”

1. What does the word “extraordinary” mean in the title?
A. very ordinary
B.very unusual and surprising
C. not special

2. The sentence “…my husband thought I was bored …” in Para. 4 meant that my husband thought I felt_________.
A. dissatisfied because I had nothing better to do at home
B. annoyed because I had to wait long for my children to come back home
C. sad because all the children left me when they grew up

3. The word “section” in Para. 4 most probably means here _________.
A. group of the job
B. part of the training
C. part of the route of sail

4. Which of the following is nearest (closest) in meaning to “rough” in the sentence “One night the sea was very rough …” in Para. 5?
A. not exact
B. difficult
C. not smooth because of huge waves

5. The last paragraph suggests that _________.
A. the qualities she needed for the trip were the same as those for a dancer
B. many years of dancing had already prepared her for the sail completely, so she needn’t do anything before the journey
C. she should not forget dancing during the trip

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"THE EXTENDED FAMILY

Mrs Sharp, a large, red-faced woman in her late sixties, has lived in Greenleas, a 'new town' in the countryside outside London, since 1958. Before that she lived in Bethnal Green, an area of inner London. She was moved to Greenleas by the local authorities when her old house was demolished.
She came from a large family with six girls and two boys, and she grew up among brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, grandparents and cousins. When she married her boyfriend from school at eighteen, they went on living with her parents, and her first child was brought up more by her mother than by herself, because she always worked.
As the family grew, they moved out of their parents' house to a flat. It was in the next street, and their life was still that of the extended family. "All my family used to live around Denby Street," said Mrs Sharp, "and we were always in and out of each other's houses." When she went to the shops, she used to call in on her mother to see if she wanted anything. Every day she would visit one sister or another and see a nephew or niece at the corner shop or in the market.
"You always knew 90% of the people you saw in the street everyday, either they were related to you or you were at school with them," she said.
When her babies were born (she had two sons and a daughter), she said, "All my sisters and neighbours would help – they used to come and make a cup of tea, or help in some other way." And every Saturday night there was a family party. It was at Mrs Sharp's mother's house. "Of course we all know each other very well. You have to learn to get on with each other. I had one neighbour who was always poking her nose into our business. She was forever asking questions and gossiping. But you had to put up with everyone, whatever they were like."

1.Why did Mrs. Sharp have to move to Greenleas?
A.Because she had to work there.
B.Because she didn’t like the old place at all.
C.Because her house in the downtown area was knocked down.

2.When she got married, she lived ________.

A.together with her parents all the time
B.together with her parents for some time
C.far away from her parents’ house

3.Why did she know so many people?
A.Because she was easy going.
B.Because they were either her relatives or schoolmates.
C.Because she was good at making friends with people.

4.The sentence “I had one neighbour who was always poking her nose into our business.” in the last Para. means __________.

A.I had one neighbour who was always warm-hearted.
B.I had one neighbour who was always ready to help us.
C.I had one neighbour who always showed her interests in our private affairs.

5.What does this passage mainly deal with?

A.What the extended family is like.
B.The relationship between Mrs Sharp and her neighbour.
C.How Mrs Sharp brings her children up.

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"利用所给提示写一篇短文,介绍你自己。

提示:

you can say something like where you are from, what you do for a living(typically what your job is).,where you live and work, what your hobbies are, what kinds of entertainment, movies, sports, or books you are interested in, etc.

Here is a list of expressions you may use when you are making a self-introduction:

Giving your name

My name is... It means...

Call me...

Everyone calls me...

Where are you from...

I live in...

I am from...

I was born in...and lived in...until I moved to...when I was...

My hometown is...

Where you work/study...

I am a long distance learner at...

I am majoring in...

My major is...

I work for a company called...

I am in business as a trader.

My primary job is...

Introducing your family

I am married and have two children.

My family members are...

I have one older brother and two younger sisters.

Talking about hobbies/things you like

I started playing piano when i was in the third grade.

My hobby is listening to rock music.

What do you do in your spare time?

We have been very involved in...

My favorite kind of computer games are action games, such as...

作文题目:TALKING ABOUT MYSELF"
"利用所给提示写一篇短文,描述你的家庭和它对你的影响。

提示:

used to be a senior engineer

would work in a factory

is very serious about everything

pay attention to the details

take after

have influence upon

looks like

作文题目:MY FAMILY"
"利用所给提示写一篇短文,说明你生活中的变化。

提示:

There have been many changes in my life(生活发生了许多变化)

be better off(生活状况更好)

preserved pickles(咸菜)

cramped and gloomy room to a big and bright flat(从狭窄阴暗的房间搬到大而明亮的单元房)

getting around(出行)

作文题目: CHANGES IN MY LIFE"

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