国开电大开放英语3阶段性综合评测3(unit18)答案

"题目:18. First you should switch the machine ___ before you stop your work.
: on
; off
; up"
"题目:2. Many are finding it difficult to make ___ meet, especially whose with young children.
: end
; an end
; ends"
"题目:Don’t be sorry for that. We all ___ mistakes.
: make
; have
; do"
"题目:Have the police looked into the bank ____.
: mugger
; theft
; robbery"
"题目:He ____ conversation.
: was engaged to
; was engaged on
; was engaged in"
"题目:He is doing some research on the ____ system of animals.
: auditory
; sound
; listening"
"题目:He never sticks ___ anything for very long.
: on
; with
; to"
"题目:I am not guilty ____ this crime.
: with
; of
; for"
"题目:If you are doctor, you must have a doctor's_____.
: license
; certificate
; diploma"
"题目:If you drive your car in that way, you’ll end __ in hospital.
: up
; in
; off"
"题目:Oh, time is up and we must go _______.
: straight off
; straight away
; straight up"
"题目:She is a girl  ____  at knitting.
: skill
; skilled
; skills"
"题目:She said that, ________, she still loves him.
: in the sense
; in a sense
; in sense"
"题目:The boat went ___ on the rough sea.
: up or down
; on and off
; up and down"
"题目:The book had a great impact ___ its readers.
: of
; for
; on"
"题目:The delay was ____ heavy traffic.
: because
; due for
; due to"
"题目:The sound outside distracted him ____ his homework.
: of
; from
; off"
"题目:There are many differences ____ the two languages.
: of
; in
; between"
"题目:These old housed are to be knocked_____.
: off
; down
; out"
"题目:They were convicted ___ having killed 20 persons.
: of
; with
; for"
"题目:We sell 32 different ____ of ice cream.
: smells
; tastes
; flavours"
"题目:Why did you choose that one ___?
: for particular
; in particular
; on particular"
"题目:You can’t use the bike at once-you have to ______.
: take a turn
; take turn
; take turns"

"题目:1. I prefer classic music __________ pop music.
: than
; on
; to"
"题目:2. All the team members tried their best. We lost the game, _________.
: however
; therefore
; since"
"题目:3. When we were having a meeting, the director _________ the bad news by telephone.
: was telling
; was told
; would tell"
"题目:4. Silk __________ by Chinese for thousands of years now.
: has used
; has been used
; was used"
"题目:5. You _______ to lock the door at night.
: should
; ought
; must
; shall"
"题目:A lecture hall is _________ where students attend lectures.
: there
; which
; one"
"题目:A new hotel _______ in the centre of town at the moment.
: has been built
; is built
; is being built"
"题目:All the team members tried their best. We lost the game, _________.
: however
; therefore
; since"
"题目:Before I got to the cinema, the film _________.
: had begun
; has begun
; was beginning"
"题目:By the end of this year, I _______enough money for a holiday.
: will save
; will be saving
; will have saved"
"题目:Given the high price, _______ it’s not surprising they didn’t buy it.
: and
; but
; -"
"题目:I _______ her to marry me and she agreed.
: ask
; asked
; told"
"题目:I have _______finished the report.
: yet
; already
; still"
"题目:I prefer tea _______coffee.
: to
; from
; by"
"题目:I stopped _______ last year.
: smoking
; smoke
; to smoke"
"题目:I’m tired. I ________ working very hard.
: have
; have been
; had"
"题目:If I get the new job, I _______ buy a better car.
: -
; will
; would"
"题目:If you go by car, you’ll get there _______40 minutes.
: within
; about
; under"
"题目:Let me _________ the case carefully before I draw a conclusion.
: look up
; look into
; look after"
"题目:She comes from _______People’s Republic of China.
: the
; a
; -"
"题目:She was convicted _______ murder.
: to
; in
; of"
"题目:Silk __________ by Chinese for thousands of years now.
: has used
; has been used
; was used"
"题目:The patient acted on the doctor’s _________ and finally recovered.
: advices
; advice
; advise"
"题目:The problem is_______by pollution.
: caused
; because
; due"
"题目:When I was a child, we _______wear a uniform for school.
: have to
; must
; had to"
"题目:When we were having a meeting, the director _________ the bad news by telephone.
: was telling
; was told
; would tell"
"题目:You _______ to lock the door at night.
: should
; ought
; must
; shall"
"题目:You like playing football, _______ you?
: don’t
; does
; did"

"题目:  In the UK, in business situations, when you meet someone (1) _____ the first time you shake hands and say, “How do you do?”. This is not really a question, and the reply (2) _____ it is another greeting such as “How do you do?” or “Hello” or “I’m very (3) _____ to meet you” or, if you have met the person sometime before, “It’s good to see you again”.
You don’t (4) _____ hands every time you meet someone, you just greet them. If you are invited (5) _____ someone’s house for dinner, it is usual to take a present – some chocolates (6) _____ flowers or, if you know them quite well, a bottle of wine. If you do not know the host well, don’t be the last person to leave. Telephone (7) _____ next day to thank the host for the meal. English people don’t like to talk about personal things, and tend to (8) _____ religion, politics and money.
Good topics for small talk are the weather, holidays, weekend activities, gardens and architecture, (9) _____ houses and homes. When you go to a pub or bar, it’s usual to take (10) _____ to buy a drink for everyone in your group and pay for the drinks when you get them from the bar and before you drink them.

1.  A. at                  B. for                         C. since

2.  A. with               B. after                      C. to

3.  A. pleasing        B. pleased                 C. pleasant

4.  A. shake            B. touch                     C. feel

5.  A. at                   B. to                          C. with

6.  A. or                   B. -                            C. and

7.  A. -                     B. the                        C. within

8.  A. talk about       B. like                        C. avoid

9.  A. especially       B. special                  C. specially

10.A. chance           B. opportunity           C. turns"
"题目:  More and more people (1) _____ to install burglar alarms in their houses if they want to get insurance. Insurance companies (2) _____ people in certain areas to install the alarms before they will give them insurance for the past year. This is (3) _____ to increasing crime in some parts of the country. This can be a problem for people (4) _____ are struggling to make (5) _____ ends meet. The alarms, (6) _____ can be very expensive, need to be installed by an electrician. It is (7) _____ that 20% of homes have alarms installed, and that another 20% of people plan (8) _____ but have not installed them (9) _____ . The insurance companies told people (10) _____ the alarms on all doors and windows.

1) A. must                                    B. have                                       C. had

2) A. have been asking                B. have been asked                   C. asked

3) A. caused                                 B. because                                C. due

4) A. which                                   B. who                                        C. -

5) A. -                                           B. the                                         C. all

6) A. who                                      B. that                                        C. which

7) A. estimate                               B. estimated                              C. estimating

8) A. to have them installed       B. to have them installing     C.  to have been installing them

9) A. still                                       B. already                                  C. yet

10) A. install                                 B. to install                                 C. installed"
"题目:  Traffic in India means a mixture of all kinds of vehicles on the road. About 700,000 new cars (1) _____ in India in the last twelve months, and about twice that many used cars have been traded.
The country's 35 million motorcycles and scooters make it the world's largest two-wheel market.  But because there are still big differences (2) _____ people's incomes, the roads are full of a whole variety of (3) _____, lots of them not motorised.
A ride (4) _____ a taxi driver in New Delhi gives a flavour of a typical Indian-style traffic with all kinds of vehicle held up in city streets or in long lines (5) _____ narrow country lanes. Cars, lorries and buses back up behind a cart (6) _____ by one animal or another. "India has everything on the roads," the taxi driver says. "You have to (7) _____ for pedestrians, bicycles, carts, cows, donkeys and even elephants. Three things (8) _____ to drive here, a horn, brakes and good luck." Just then we were stopped (9) _____ a young boy and his cow.
Given the hazards, it's not surprising (10) _____ special ceremonies are held for new car owners in which the steering wheel and the driver are both blessed.

1.A. have been sold                      B. have sold                                     C. had been sold

2.A. of                                           B. over                                              C. in

3.A. cars                                       B. vehicles                                        C. bikes

4.A. in                                           B. after                                              C. with

5.A. in                                           B. on                                                 C. at

6.A. pulled                                    B. pulling                                           C. to pull

7.A. wait                                       B. search                                           C. watch out

8.A. were recommended              B. to be recommended                     C. are recommended

9.A. with                                       B. by                                                  C. to

10.A. that                                      B. why                                               C. when"

"题目:  A 15-year-old boy, who was first found guilty of theft at the age of 12, was convicted of stealing 22 charity boxes yesterday from local shops. He was arrested while he was dressed as a woman and he was pretending to be a representative of the charity Help Aid.
The boy had been arrested 80 times before and neighbours say that he had committed over 1,000 offences. One local person said, “He’s always in court. We’ve had enough of him.” He had been sent to a young people’s prison on two occasions and had been convicted eight times - for burglary, assault, robbery and criminal damage.
At the trial the jury heard evidence from the shop owners that one of them had finally called the police because of what he had said after his mobile phone rang. He had answered the call and had started swearing. “It was only at that point,” the shop owner said, “That I realised it was not the usual lady who collects the boxes.”
After the verdict, his mother, who had given evidence in the case, said that she was unable to control her son. The judge told the court that the problems of the family could be due to the absence of a father.

1.The boy was caught stealing while he was _________.
A.doing the charity service
B.doing shopping in the local shops
C.dressed up as a woman representative from the charity Help Aids

2.Which of the following is NOT true according to the second Para.2?

A.The boy had been arrested 80 times before.
B.It was said that the boy had committed more than 1,000 offences.
C.He had been arrested and thrown into a reform school for 8 times

3.Why did one of the shop owners call the police?
A.Because the boy answered the call in a rude way.
B.Because he recognized the boy who was dressed as a woman.
C.Because the boy was a new face.

4.According to the judge, why did the boy become a criminal?

A.Because her mother spoiled him.
B.Because he came from a single-parent family (单亲家庭).
C.Because his father was too busy to stay with him

5.What does the title of the passage suggest?

A.The boy swore to be a charity worker.
B.The boy who pretended to a woman charity worker was spotted(认出)while he was swearing over the phone.
C.The charity worker who spoke vulgar language(粗话)was found guilty.

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"
"题目:  Benjamin Disraeli, the famous nineteenth century prime minister, said, “London is not a city, - it is a nation.” Today this is an understatement; London, with its vast range of different ethnic groups, is a world.
Certainly, London is the most culturally diverse city in the world. The city was founded by the Romans and since then new arrivals have constantly added to its character and prosperity. Within 10 years 40% of Londoners will be from ethnic minority groups, including the growing number of Londoners of mixed ethnic origin, but most of them will have been born in Britain.
Children of Caribbean-Chinese marriages will go to school with children of Russian-Irish couples. None of them will be English but all of them will be Londoners.Most of Britain's ethnic minority residents live in the capital, speaking over 300 languages. Nearly all of the African population and many of the Caribbean population of Britain live in London (83% and 58% respectively); 39% of the Chinese population of Britain and 36% of the Asian population of Britain live in London.
The largest migrant community is from the Irish Republic with 256,000 people, 3.8% of the total population of London.There are an estimated 330,000 refugees and asylum seekers living in London, with most recent arrivals coming from Eastern Europe, North Africa and Kurdistan.
Young people, in particular, are skilled at dealing with a large number of different and hybrid cultures. They themselves often have several different ethnic identities since their parents and grandparents may come from several different backgrounds and their friends and partners do also. They are “skilled cross-cultural travellers” without leaving their home-town.

1.Why does the writer think that Benjamin Disraeli’s statement is an understatement? Because he thinks London is _________.
A.a miniature world thanks to its great cultural diversity
B.even larger than some countries in the world
C.not a nation at all

2.Why does the writer think new arrivals are an advantage (好处) to London?

A.Because they have regularly increased its character and prosperity.
B.Because they speak different languages
C.Because they are unique ethnic minority groups

3.Ethnic minority groups will make up _________ of the London population in the future.
A.36%
B.40%
C.39%

4.The last paragraph mainly tells us in London _________.

A.young people feel at ease with a large number of diversified cultures
B.young people are raised in a multicultural environment
C.young people find it hard to adapt themselves to hybrid cultures

5.The passage mainly deals with _________.

A.the advantage of hybrid cultures in London
B.the composition of the population in London
C.the cultural diversity in London

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"
"题目:  Do you want to improve your skills and boost your job prospects?
Would you like to give an edge to your university application?
Would you like to study where and when you want - even just using a laptop?
Would you like to set your own timetable?
Then a Direct course is the one for you! Direct offers online courses in many areas including computing, business and finance. No previous computer experience is required.
LEARNING WITH DIRECT
Direct is not a lonely experience - it's learning in a virtual classroom.
* You will be given an online tutor and have online tutorials. These will be completely confidential. You log on with a secure password.
* You can chat with other students on your course in informal chat rooms.
* You can join online discussion forums and seminar groups at pre-arranged times.
Join the e-learning revolution!
COURSES AVAILABLE
• Business (Marketing, Management, Customer care, Selling)
• Finance and Accounting
• Computing
- Word processing
- Spreadsheets
- Presentation preparation
- Web design
By the end of each course you will have earned a Direct Certificate and you will have gained three credits towards your diploma.
PLANS FOR EXPANSION
By the end of next year we will have set up a full range of desktop computers right here in the Centre, so that even if you do not have one at home, you can still learn with Direct.
To register simply come to the Direct Centre when we’re open.
DIRECT CENTRE OPENING TIMES
Monday - Friday 2 p.m. – 8 p.m.
Saturday – 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
Or
telephone us on: 020 5667 824
e-mail us on: DIRECT@mamo.co.uk

1.The passage is written for the purpose of ________.
A.informing the reader of Direct Courses
B.introducing how to apply for Direct Courses
C.arguing for Direct Courses

2.Which of the following is NOT true about the Direct?

A.It offers a great variety of courses.
B.It’s an e-learning experience.
C.It requires you to be skilled in computer.

3.Bases on the passage, we can infer that if we learn with Direct, we can________.
A.meet the tutors on line
B.have no contact with other students
C. join the discussion forums and seminar groups anytime
D. study English well

4.We can infer from the passage that if we want to learn with Direct, ________.

A.we must buy a laptop
B.we needn’t have our own computers
C.we need several computers at home

5.According to the passage, if we want to register for Direct, we’d better ________.

A.make an appointment beforehand
B.go simply to the Direct centre every morning
C.go simply to the Direct centre during their opening hours

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"
"题目:  In the UK, in business situations, when you meet someone for the first time you shake hands and say, “How do you do?”. This is not really a question, and the reply to it is another greeting such as “How do you do?” or “Hello” or “I’m very pleased to meet you” or, if you have met the person sometime before, “It’s good to see you again”.
You don’t shake hands every time you meet someone, you just greet them. If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, it is usual to take a present– some chocolates or flowers or, if you know them quite well, a bottle of wine. If you do not know the host well, don’t be the last person to leave. Telephone the next day to thank the host for the meal. English people don’t like to talk about personal things, and tend to avoid religion, politics and money.
Good topics for small talk are the weather, holidays, weekend activities, gardens and architecture, especially houses and homes. When you go to a pub or bar, it’s usual to take turns to buy a drink for everyone in your group and pay for the drinks when you get them from the bar and before you drink them.

1.The first paragraph tells us _________.
A.when you meet someone for the first time, you should shake hands and say, “How do you do?”
B.what you usually do and say, when you meet an old friend
C.how to greet someone in business situations

2.If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, it’s better to _________.

A.take a gift such as chocolates, or flowers if you know them quite well
B.take a bottle of perfume for the hostess if you know her quite well
C.bid a farewell before the last guest leaves if you don’t know them quite well

3.English people like to talk about the following EXCEPT _________.
A.income and marriage
B.weekend activities
C.weather, holidays,

4.In the last paragraph. the sentence “…, it’s usual to take turns to buy a drink for everyone in your group…” means _________.

A.it’s usual to be responsible for the bill all the time
B.it’s usual to pay for a drink one after the other in a group
C.it’s usual to go Dutch

5.The subject matter of the passage is_________.

A.British social customs
B.British way of greeting people
C.some taboos in Britain

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"
"题目:  People all over the world today are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollution. Pollution is caused either by man’s release of completely new and often artificial (人造的) substances into the environment, or by releasing greatly increased amounts of a natural substance (物质),such as oil from oil tankers into the sea.
Whatever its underlying reasons, there is no doubt that much of the pollution caused could be controlled if only companies, individuals and governments would make more efforts. In the home there is an obvious need to control litter and waste. Food comes wrapped up three of four times in packages that all have to be disposed of; drinks are increasingly sold in bottles or tins which can’t be reused. This not only causes a litter problem, but also is a great waste of resources, in terms of glass, metal and paper. Advertising has helped this process by persuading many of us not only to buy things we neither want nor need, but also to throw away much of what we do buy. Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by cutting out unnecessary buying, excess use and careless disposal (处理) of the products we use in our daily lives.

1.The main cause of pollution is __________.
A.the release of artificial or natural substances into the environment
B.the production of new industrial goods
C.increased amounts of a natural substance

2.Much of the pollution could be controlled if only __________.

A.farmers would use less artificial fertilizers
B.governments would take effective measures
C.all sides concerned would make more efforts

3.Food packages, bottles and tins for drinks can cause __________.
A.air and water pollution
B.both a litter problem and a waster of resources
C.to pay for the service

4.Which of the following can not help solving the problem of pollution?

A.Cutting out unnecessary buying.
B.Reduce excess use
C.Eating.

5.What does the underlined word “litter” mean in paragraph 2?

A.Bits of waste things
B.serious problem
C.industrial pollution

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"
"题目:  The chances that you will be a victim of violent crime are low. But you can avoid risk in the following ways.
AT HOME
• You should make sure your house or flat is secure. Always lock the door from the inside at night, but you must keep the key nearby, so that you can use it to get out quickly if there is a fire.
• You must never give keys to workmen as they can easily make copies.
• If you wake up and hear a burglar, stay quietly in bed. Pretend you are asleep. If you feel more confident, switch on the light and make a lot of noise; even if you are on your own you should call out loudly to an imaginary companion, so that the burglar thinks you are not alone and runs away. You should have a phone or a mobile in your bedroom to alert the police immediately.
• If you come home and think you see signs of a break-in, you shouldn’t go in, the burglar may be inside. You should go to a neighbour and call the police.
ON THE STREET
At night:
• Always walk facing the traffic, so that a car cannot pull up behind you.
• You mustn’t go through parks or woods.
• If you think someone is following you, cross the road one or two times. If he or she continues to follow you, go to a pub or other public place.
• Always carry your bag close to you, but carry your house keys in your pocket so that you can open the door quickly. If someone attacks you - remember your safety is more important than your property.

1.This passage mainly focuses on ________.
A.how to avoid the crimes both at home and in the street
B.what you should do at home if there is a burglary
C.how to avoid the crime at night in the street

2.If you want to guarantee you are secure at home, you should _________.

A.always lock the door and put the key in a secret place far away from the door
B.never leave the keys to workmen since they can easily make copies
C.keep silent all the time even if you are on your own when a burglar steals into your house

3.Based on the passage, if you notice someone following you, it’s better for you to _________.
A.shout loudly
B.go to public places
C.run quickly

4.Why should you have a telephone in the bedroom?

A.Because we might use it to alert the burglary.
B.Because it’s convenient for us to talk to our friends while lying on bed.
C.Because it’s convenient for us to report to the police in case there is a burglary.

5.From the passage, we can infer that we might be victims if _________.

A.we cannot part with the money when being attacked
B.we don’t walk in the empty street
C.we carry too much cash

提示:请将正确答案的序号(大写字母ABC)填写在空白处,系统自动判分
您的答案是:1._____    2._____   3._____   4._____   5._____"

"利用所给提示写一篇短文,描述你在电视大学的生活。

提示:

be engaged in long distance education

web-based courses

join online discussion forums

send our homework to the tutor

solve the difficulties and puzzles in tutorial

作文题目:MY TV UNIVERSITY LIFE"
"利用所给提示写一篇短文,说明高中生活和大学生活的不同。

提示:

is quite different from

have to, must

ask students to do many tasks

be responsible for

for example

put on

spend more time studying by themselves

作文题目:HIGH SCHOOL LIFE AND COLLEGE LIFE"
"利用所给提示写一篇短文,说明居住在大城市中优缺点。

提示:

city life is attractive with all its advantages and conveniences

supermarkets or shopping malls

dine out(外出吃饭)

expansion(扩张) of the city

flowing into(涌入)

作文题目:LIVING IN A BIG CITY"

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