国开电大管理英语3单元自测6答案

题目为随机,用查找功能(Ctrl+F)搜索题目

"题目:— ___________

— To sum up, it is a continual process, from a new-born baby to the end of one's life.
: How do you feel about Community Health Service?
; What does Community Health Service mean exactly?
; What do you think of Community Health Service?"
"题目:— ___________________

— Once or twice a week.
: How soon will you arrange for me to visit someone at home?
; How often will you arrange for me to visit someone at home?
; How long will you arrange for me to visit someone at home?"
"题目:—_______________

— Generally speaking, we are concerned with all aspects of promoting good health.
: What health care programs are there in the community?
; What are health care programs there in the community?
; What health care programs there are in the community?"
"题目:—Anything else?

—________________
: We provide education relating to depression and anxiety.
; First, we provide education relating to depression and anxiety.
; Moreover, we provide education relating to depression and anxiety."
"题目:—Good morning, Volunteering Matters, how can I help you?

—___________________
: Good morning, I'd like to find out how I could pay online.
; Good morning, I'd like to find out how I could make an appointment.
; Good morning, I'd like to find out how I could become a volunteer."
"题目:Business people exercise their leadership in the community service area ______ the commercial world.
: as well as
; but
; so"
"题目:Communities are part of everyday life and have positive ________ on its members.
: affects
; effects
; efforts"
"题目:Community service is a great way to help people in their time of need. It is great to see the happiness that results ______ it.
: of
; in
; from"
"题目:Community service is important to me because it provides me with eye-opening experiences while ______ many people.
: benefit
; benefitting
; benefits"
"题目:Community Services Program aims for all members of the community to ______ to basic financial and material resources, information, advice and referral.
: have a chance
; have an opportunity
; have access"
"题目:Involvement in community activities ______ an integral and inescapable part of senior managers' jobs.
: are seen as
; has been seen as
; has seen as"
"题目:It takes small steps to create big change and this is __________ service-learning hopes to achieve.
: what
; that
; which"
"题目:Knowing ______ increases employee loyalty to the company and their leader.
: what their CEO was volunteering time for community service
; that their CEO was volunteering time for community service
; that was their CEO volunteering time for community service"
"题目:One of the main benefits of community service is that it ______ a person's character.
: sets
; builds
; makes"
"题目:The online What's on for Women provides information ______ upcoming and ongoing events.
: about
; for
; with"

"二、翻译

为下面的句子选择正确的翻译(每题10分)。

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. Community service is a way for a person to give back to a community in which they live. {A; B; C}

A. 社区服务是一个人退居社区的一种方式。

B. 社区服务是一个人回报他们所居住社区的一种方式。

C. 社区服务是一个人把自己还给社区的一种方式。

2. Without community service people would not know the meaning of charity and giving back. {A; B; C}

A. 社区服务让人们去做慈善,并得到回馈。

B. 没有社区服务的人,就没有慈善和回馈可言。

C. 没有社区服务,人们就不会知道做慈善和回馈的意义。

3. People of all age groups, with a maximum number of youth are involved in the process of community service. {A; B; C}

A. 所有年龄段的人都投身到了社区服务的事业中,其中年轻人最多。

B. 所有年龄段的人都把最多的青春献给了社区服务。

C. 所有年龄段的人和很多年轻人都投身到了社区服务的事业中。

4. Let's go to Citibank instead of the other guy down the street because they are good corporate citizens. {A; B; C}

A. 去花旗银行吧,而不是街上的其他银行,因为他们是优秀的公民。

B. 去花旗银行吧,而不是街上的其他银行,因为他们是优秀的公民企业。

C. 我们去花旗银行吧,而不是街上的其他人,因为他们是优秀的公民企业。

5. It was the late 1970s that American manufacturing factories realized that quality control was a significant issue. {A; B; C}

A. 它是在1970年代晚期美国的制造业工厂才意识到质量控制是一个重大问题。

B. 美国的制造业工厂在1970年代发现质量控制是一个重大问题已经很晚了。

C. 1970年代晚期美国的制造业工厂才意识到质量控制是一个重大问题。"
"二、听力理解

听对话录音,根据对话内容完成下方题目(每题10分)。

TASK4_TEST.MP3

操作提示:通过每题的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. What are health care programs mainly about? {Alcoholism, depression and anxiety.; Through diet, healthy living, cutting out smoking and so on.; Communication.; All aspects of promoting good health.; Chronic sickness.; The family.; From a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life.; Information.}

2. What is the first part of community service health? {Alcoholism, depression and anxiety.; Through diet, healthy living, cutting out smoking and so on.; Communication.; All aspects of promoting good health.; Chronic sickness.; The family.; From a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life.; Information.}

3. How can people help themselves avoid illness? {Alcoholism, depression and anxiety.; Through diet, healthy living, cutting out smoking and so on.; Communication.; All aspects of promoting good health.; Chronic sickness.; The family.; From a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life.; Information.}

4. What areas are of growing concern? {Alcoholism, depression and anxiety.; Through diet, healthy living, cutting out smoking and so on.; Communication.; All aspects of promoting good health.; Chronic sickness.; The family.; From a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life.; Information.}

5. Who typically provides bedside care? {Alcoholism, depression and anxiety.; Through diet, healthy living, cutting out smoking and so on.; Communication.; All aspects of promoting good health.; Chronic sickness.; The family.; From a newborn baby all the way up to the end of one's life.; Information.}"
"二、完型填空(每空10分)。

操作提示:通过题目中的下拉选项框选择恰当的词语补全填空。

Have you heard about Grandparents Week? This important community event began {as; with; in} a one day celebration in 2012 to commemorate National Grandparents Day. In 2014, the ACT Government expanded the program to a whole week to fully {capturing; capture; captures} the true worth of grandparents in all their various forms.

Grandparents Week is an annual event to honor and recognize the valuable contribution grandparents make, and the valuable role they play, in their families and the wider ACT community.

This year's festival includes an exciting range of events, programs and activities for young and old {plus; add; including} those in between! Sing some old time tunes or shake a move on the dance floor. Join a fun game of bowls or table tennis.  Play your hand at cards. Attend a Senior Club Open Day.  Partake in delicious morning teas.   {Whoever; However; Whatever} your vintage there's something for everyone during Grandparents Week!

Does your community group have a great event or activity {out mind; in mind; of mind} for seniors? Would you like to include it as part of the Grandparents Week 2016 program?"
"二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容,完成相应的选择题。(每题10分)
DOOR-KNOCKING
Door-knocking is the most effective way of making face-to-face community contact, but it has become a lost art. With the recent focus on customer privacy, door-knocking seems like an intrusion into other people's lives. But those who try it for the first time are usually surprised by the pleasant reception they receive. Here are some suggestions that will help you promote your services face-toface.

BEFORE YOU GO OUT

◆ BEGIN WITH A DOOR HANGER

Try leaving a door hanger two days before you go door-knocking. It should briefly describe the project and say that someone will be around in person.

◆ WEAR AN OFFICIAL NAME TAG

Door-knockers should wear name tags with the logo of their organization. The best name tags will also include a color photo and the name of the caller.

◆ HAVE PEOPLE KNOCK THEIR OWN BLOCKS

The easiest way to do door-knocking is to try your local area first. Being a neighbor creates an immediate connection with the person answering the door; after that, everything else is easy.

◆ FIND A GOOD EXCUSE TO DOOR-KNOCK

A short survey about local concerns or a current project is a good excuse. Figure out responses for various situations. What if the person who answers the door cannot speak English? What if a child answers the door?

WHEN YOU GO OUT

◆ WHEN TO GO AND WHAT TO DO FIRST

The best times to knock are usually Saturdays. On other days, after dinner is ideal. When someone answers the door, smile and introduce yourself; say you are a volunteer and, if it helps, state where you live. Give the name of your organization and, briefly, the reason for the visit.

◆ STATE WHAT ACTION THE OTHER PERSON SHOULD TAKE AND THE BENEFITS

Tell the person what they need to do and how their actions will benefit themselves and others. If a person hesitates, emphasize benefits you've already mentioned and then, if necessary, add further benefits. If a person agrees, follow up immediately. If possible, get a donation, a signature, or a promise.

◆ RECORD CONTACT INFORMATION ON THE SPOT

Record names, addresses, e-mail addresses, phone numbers, and responses to questions on the spot. You won't remember them later!

操作提示:通过题干后的下拉框选择题目的正确答案。

1. Why does the author say that door-knocking has become a lost art? {A; B; C}

A. It is not effective, no one will take this method any more.

B. People focus on privacy increasingly, so door-knocking seems like an intrusion into other people's lives

C. It is very difficult to do door-knocking,no one knows how to do it now.

2. Which step should be firstly taken when you try door-knocking? {A; B; C}

A. Find a good excuse to door-knock

B. Wear an official name tag

C. Leave a door hanger

3. What does the underlined phrase “on the spot” mean? {A; B; C}

A. without delay

B. at some place

C. in a difficult situation

4. Which time is not appropriate for door knocking? {A; B; C}

A. Saturday afternoon.

B. Monday morning.

C. Thursday evening.

5. Who will receive pleasant reception when they try door-knocking? {A; B; C}

A. A stranger who is not living in this community and gives no notice for his/her visit.

B. An offensive acquaintance who comes at any time.

C. A neighbor who does good preparation and has significant project to introduce."
"二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容判断文章后的句子是正确(T)还是错误(F)。(每题10分)
COMMUNITY SERVICE
Community service is a service or activity which is performed by someone or a group of people for the benefit of the public or public organizations.

While volunteers may provide community service, not everyone taking part in a community service program is a volunteer, because not everyone is doing it through their own choice. Sometimes people are asked to do it by:

• their government, as part of a citizenship requirement instead of military service;

• the courts and other criminal justice punishments;

• their school, to meet the requirements of a class, or to meet the requirements of graduation, or, in the case of parents, required to provide a certain number of hours of service in order for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team.

There are also people providing community service, but they receive some form of payment in return for their work.

YOUTH COMMUNITY SERVICE

Community service performed by young people, also known as youth service, is intended to strengthen young peoples' senses of civic engagement and community, and to help them achieve their educational, developmental and social goals.

HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION

Many educational institutions in the United States require students to perform community service hours to graduate from high school. In some high schools in Washington State, for example, students must complete 60 hours of community service to receive a diploma.

CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION

Contribution of service is a condition of enrollment in some programs. Most commonly, parents may be required to serve for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team.

COLLEGES

Though technically not a requirement, many colleges make community service an unofficial requirement for acceptance. However, some colleges prefer work experience over community service, and some require that their students also participate in community service in order to graduate.

操作提示:句子正确选择下拉选项框为“T”;句子错误选择下拉选项框为“F”。

1. The organizer is the beneficiary of community service. {T; F}

2. Some people who take part in community services are not volunteers. {T; F}

3. Most of the youth who volunteer in community service are motivated by personal purposes. {T; F}

4. In some high schools, students must complete certain hours of community service to receive a diploma. {T; F}

5. Every university considers community service is the most important experience for students among other practices, like internship. {T; F}"
"二、阅读理解

阅读下面的文章,根据文章内容选词填空。(每题10分)
COMMUNITY SERVICE
Community service is a service or activity which is performed by someone or a group of people for the benefit of the public or public organizations.

While volunteers may provide community service, not everyone taking part in a community service program is a volunteer, because not everyone is doing it through their own choice. Sometimes people are asked to do it by:

• their government, as part of a citizenship requirement instead of military service;

• the courts and other criminal justice punishments;

• their school, to meet the requirements of a class, or to meet the requirements of graduation, or, in the case of parents, required to provide a certain number of hours of service in order for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team.

There are also people providing community service, but they receive some form of payment in return for their work.

YOUTH COMMUNITY SERVICE

Community service performed by young people, also known as youth service, is intended to strengthen young peoples' senses of civic engagement and community, and to help them achieve their educational, developmental and social goals.

HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION

Many educational institutions in the United States require students to perform community service hours to graduate from high school. In some high schools in Washington State, for example, students must complete 60 hours of community service to receive a diploma.

CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION

Contribution of service is a condition of enrollment in some programs. Most commonly, parents may be required to serve for their child to be enrolled in a school or sports team.

COLLEGES

Though technically not a requirement, many colleges make community service an unofficial requirement for acceptance. However, some colleges prefer work experience over community service, and some require that their students also participate in community service in order to graduate.

操作提示:通过题目中的下拉选项框选择恰当的词语补全句子。

1. I {community service; educational institutions; volunteer in; sense of; the benefit of; are asked to; strengthen; citizenship requirement} our community because a great impact can be made on others' lives through simple actions.

2. {community service; educational institutions; volunteer in; sense of; the benefit of; are asked to; strengthen; citizenship requirement} programs or activities are seen as opportunities for experiential learning.

3. Sometimes the government asks its people to serve their communities to meet the {community service; educational institutions; volunteer in; sense of; the benefit of; are asked to; strengthen; citizenship requirement}.

4. Community service can be defined as a service that is performed for {community service; educational institutions; volunteer in; sense of; the benefit of; are asked to; strengthen; citizenship requirement} the public.

5. Community service is a commitment. A person must want to do it with good intentions and not because they {community service; educational institutions; volunteer in; sense of; the benefit of; are asked to; strengthen; citizenship requirement} do so."

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